Chronicles of the ancient genus PEC (Paetz), little-known pages of history from the XIV century to the present day
Light memory of Evgeny Petrovich Bozhko, historian-researcher
The Family Carr
( M A S С H E N )
Schulz, Kruger, Schmidt, Alpine, Linde, des Fontaines, Paetz, Clafton, Outzen, Brown, van Dyk, van Nimwegen, Gernet, van Brienen, de st.Valery
ISSUE 22.December 2009 (42F28) / FRANKFUR T AM MAIN
Love family, love friends, it's been a year since the last issue. Like I was writing more often about the family, but the time is passing relentlessly. Of course it must be to write something and so nature is also a lot of time for the Search of new information is necessary. A lot of the time, I had devoted this year to the family of Linde, in order to achieve finally a breakthrough, but some minor progress was this.
Before we get to the topic of this issue, I would like to take this opportunity to, once again, Krista Maja Fischer to your 70. Birthday on 9.November congratulations to. Especially wish I a lot of health and a curiosity to try New things.
Today's edition I liked to write about the family of Carr. Essential content is based on information of Teddy Carr, I've always appreciated and received me with his wife, Marjorie, always, during my Visit in England friendly.
Many of us are with the Carr family through the wedding of Ella Schmidt, the sister of Ernst, Nicolai Schmidt, with Archibald Lambton Carr on 18.11.1898.
The Carr family is one of the families that were not very long in Russia. The first Carr in Russia, George Carr, died in November 1836 in Brasov. Prior to George the family's 4 generations in England, mostly in Hexham,, back to track.
George Carr's son, Matthew Carr, was born in St. Petersburg. He married Phoebe Lambton, whose family took the name of another Carr generations as a middle name.
Their son, Henry Lambton Carr finally came in St. Petersburg as a stock market broker to some assets. He was married to Mary Antoinette Chamot, came from a wealthy Frankfurt family of French origin. To be paid to their ancestors, others to cheer the family of Schweitzer, in a prominent place in the Frankfurt's main business street, the Zeil, a Palace owned, which was built by the bekarmte master Builder Nicolas de Pigage. Even Goethe was impressed by the building. The music hall uberstieg Usual in his Big all for a private house.
A ceiling is the picture in the stairwell was, among other things, the old house of lords, Franz Maria von Schweitzer in the white house, rock and with Zipfelmutze. To see in the middle of the obelisk is a descended from Olympus floating mercury tacked the initials "FMS" to an obelisk. In 1827, the heirs sold the house. Bismarck had used on several occasions for it to acquire the house for the Prussian legation. It was, however, finally, to the Hotel "Russischer Hof. The Hotel was home to, among others, Kaiser Wilhelm I. He had pitched in addition, in the fresco hall of the house his headquarters for the occupying army in Baden in 1849. As a rule, hulking a guest of the Prince of Wales, later king Edward VII, the fountain was used for his afternoon tea. He was a hulking, visitors to the Frankfurt Opera.
In 1888, the building was demolished and at this point, the main post office was erected, which gave way in turn, in the 2000s, a shopping centre. The architecturally most parts of the house taken by the photographer Johannes Wesselhoeft during a summer stay at the Chamots in niederwalluf 1889. There, in the home, the piano, demschon Franz Liszt had played. The images are kept in the Wesselhoeft archive.
Henry Carr planned to always be, in the age to England, and return. He was also happy. When the Revolution broke out, this was for him reason enough, the Plan to finally implement it. When he wanted to have in his Bank but his balance after England Tiber, they told him to dry his money now the Communist state is called. He was saying to a completely depressed man, and used to escape the family aboard the SS "Kut" in 1919, when Edwin Schmidt was, that it is the Best goods when the ship was capsized and they all drowned. Nevertheless, the whole family must Uberfahrt. Henry, however, was dependent in old age on the support of his sister Amalia Carr, who lived in Edinburgh.
His son, born in St. Petersburg, Archibald Lambton Carr was managing Director of the sage of the works of the English company Chas. Stewart & co. in Arkhangelsk, with offices in the Onega, Kovda and Soroka. Archibald lived with his family on Moses Island (the Name of soil of a visit by Tsar Peter I. herrtihren, entered the island with the words "Moi sey Ostrov" (the island). The Englander made from "Moi sey" short "Moses").
By 1913, around the say the factory was moved further to the North in the direction of flow miindung to offer larger vessels the opportunity to load. The family and the office moved to the city to Arkhangelsk. Archibald was there an open fireplace to set up what appeared to the local residents very merkwtirdig. Why would you tear down part of the wall, to fill and then subsequently the room with Smoke? The Russian style of heating by the oven heated the house, Yes, finally, enough.
Unlike the house on Moses Island, the grouted next to the only Grass tennis court in Arkhangelsk is also about a half-dozen horses, pigs, sheep, goats, chicken, a racehorse with the name "Turbulent", and even 3 small (the huge were but had to go to the Zoo), had the town house, only space for 2 horses and a few chicken. For the house, however, had a ice house. Shortly before the beginning of the thaw big were beaten Eisblocke from the Dvina and in the basement, where they were half buried in the ground. This was not sufficient to keep the room in a comparatively short summer, kuhl, the ice melted completely. Since the family Carr was the only family Anglican faith in Arkhangelsk, had to be made to the Baptisms of the children of a specially from St. Petersburg travelled to the spiritual.
On a business trip from St. Petersburg to Arkhangelsk, at the time, after all, a train journey of about 36 hours, reached the side of Archibald at the train station, where a large crowd of people to the platform blocked. In order to reach his train, he had barged through the crowd. The people seemed to want a big bartigen man, to say goodbye. This printed say goodbye to all the passing by the Hand at parting, also Archibald, as he tried to get into the train, apparently in the Belief that he had also come to him. In the case of the man with the majestic shot of hands, it was Rasputin, the monk who had exercised a strong influence on the tsarina, and now in the same train in his homeland to Siberia and back had to return. During the first Phase of the Revolution succeeded Archibald to spare his house with reference to the Status of Englander of Plunder. Later, however, when the police lost and the militia was replaced, was broken into and some things stolen. Came to a later point in time, the Red guards in Archibald's Office and demanded the money reserves of the company. Archibald offhete the Safe, not kept there, but only small amounts, which filed the Bewafmeten. They asked for a cheque on the company at the Bank. Archibald claimed that the cheques were in his private house. With planted bayonets, they had him on the main street Troitsky Prospekt to get there. In an unguarded Moment, he managed to escape in his house, however, and to escape on the Veranda, and with a little jump in the garden. He could save himself in the home of the Norwegian Consul mountains.
2 days later the allied troops in Archangelsk, and the Red guards ended up fled. A lot of English army personnel topsy-turvy now in the house. After the end of the war on the Western front, the allies decided, however, that their troops withdraw. The allies offered, however, the Carrs and others, to leave with you, Arkhangelsk. As Admiral North Archibald asked what he intended to do with his stuff, he replied that he must leave everything behind had to. "Nonsense," was the answer. Everything should be Packed in large boxes And on the supply ship of the Navy loaded. So could at least be some things saved. After the arrival of the family in Avonmouth in England, they went first to London, where they lived at the Queen's Hotel, until the father finally bought a house in Upper Norwood, 4 Beulah Road,. The boxes with the furniture remained, but first disappeared. Archibald worked with his old company Chas. Stewart & co., where he was since a young age. After many weeks of a message, you pick up the moge, the boxes at the Chatham Docks. At least a portion of the 10 rooms of the rough house could be set up. Also a Grass tennis court there. In 1929 Archibald died.
Of his children Henry, Ella, Gladys and Edward, we want to first of us. the old most. Henry Lambton "Наггу" Carr was born on 28.11.1899 in Arkhangelsk. Among the foreigners in Arkhangelsk, it was rblich, not only several governesses from different countries in the Kreuzlingen region, mostly from England, France, and Germany, to the children of the languages to teach, but to send the children of a certain age in schools in the origin countries. Harry attended school in Haileybury in England, where he was also Captain of the Rugby team. At the outbreak of war in 1914 he zurrck returned there again. His father accompanied him to St. Petersburg, then he had to go alone rber Finland, Sweden and Norway, and then by ship to Hull in England. From there he took the train. He should not see his family for soon 4 years and the holidays with aunt and uncle in Epsom, later in Archibald's sister, Emily Carr in Uppingham , married to the head of school Edward Feild, spend.
Harry waited for an opportunity to return to his family back. This seemed to have come when the English government decided to send after the Russian Revolution a unit of the first 130 Marines under major-General C. Maynard as "the North Russian Expeditionary Force" (NREF) in the North of Russia, to protect, first to the large material warehouse, which had supplied the allies of the Imperial government for support. The troops landed in Murmansk, first with Trotzkys understanding of the consent. The American President Wilson approved the use of 150 American Marines. On 1. August, 1918, a delivery that will eventually enlarge the fleet under the command of General Poole in Arkhangelsk, and the Bolsheviks fled the city. Also another 4500 Americans lncreased approximately 6300 man strong British troops. The new British war Minister, Winston Churchill, argued for a modified set of tasks for the troops: Was initially intended to prevent the departure of the Russians from the war, Churchill now, and expect to make the Bolshevik Revolution appear. He found, in spite of its lurid Parliament for talking this course is not a majority, was referred to the use of the NREF by enemies as "Mr. Churchill's private war". Lloyd George held the whole for a "verrticktes company". Nevertheless, the number of troops in the Russian North increased to a total of 18.400 man.
One of them is Harry Carr, who arrived in 1919 in Murmansk. He had managed to stand as a translator recruit and was assigned to the staff of General Maynard. Archibald Lambton Carr was able to convince the new commander-in-chief of the NRA, General Ironside, to put his son to Arkhangelsk, and so the family came together again.
Colonel Fitzwilliams, as a rule, was massive in the host family, however, went even further and demanded that the sisters and the 15jahrige son Teddy came into the service of the army, because all the doctors were British, which can be nurses, but not limited to Russi and hardly
Translators to Verrugung. Teddy Carr were exciting days, he was allowed to
however, with the officers in the wardroom to eat. The force of the improper set
Winter equipment, the many Miicken in the summer, and finally the Spanish flu
1918. Teddy Carr remembered the long rows of Sargen, which were worn by Arkhangelsk. As the war ended on the Western front, finally, was the grumbling of the squad is always great. 27.September 1919, it was decided, finally, that the NREF will be tried first, and to evacuate the troops. The family Carr left Arkhangelsk, as already described above, together with the English troops. In England Harry Carr's prospects after demobilization first limited. He had to write typewriter and shorthand learned, but at first didn't seem to help him.
To his father in a Club in London, the former British Vice-Consul in Arkhangelsk George Wiseman met, who suggested Harry to be korme translator at the British Embassy in Helsinki. The interview in Charing Cross, was performed by Riley Le May and Commander Ernest Boyce. Harry didn't know Boyce during the war, representatives of the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) was in Russia. As he Mansfield Cumming ("С") was presented in his office in Whitehall Court, fell on Harry, first nothing. Harry Carr went on to "C"'s offer, and was initially engaged in order to translate agent reports from Russia in a back room of the Passport section of the Embassy. Only after a few days the true nature of his tasks was clear to him. In 1925, an action of the British agent Reilly of Helsinki, which was of the Soviets infiltrated and ended, finally, in Russia, with the latter's death. In consequence, Commander Boyce of Cummings's successor, Sinclair was transferred to Tallinn and Harry Carr as his successor in Helsinki. Harry Carr has developed in this time also good contacts to the Finnish secret service. An advantage here was that he spoke fluent Russian, and Swedish, and an exceptionally good tennis player. Harry Carr said, in contrast to the British military attache in Helsinki, Colonel Vale, who, as was said by Stalin, a victory for the Soviets in the war against Finland within a week before the advance, Lieutenant, that the Soviets could not win and high loss was suffered. This is a hit just and reasonable, together with the supplied exact Figures and military Details of Harry Carr's fame. Harry Carr also succeeded to obtain from the Finnish secret service the secret code of the Soviets. So he was able to deliver a flood of accurate information to London. To pay resistance Finland had to agree on 13.3.1940 but a truce.
Harry Carr managed to get a further important Information from a Finnish intelligence officer, who secured him a place in the history of the SIS: Germany was attacking the Soviet Union in the spring of 1941.
As the 1941 arrived and Finland verbundete forecasts in June, with Germany, had to close the British Embassy in Helsinki, and Harry Carr was mixed with alien other Embassy members to Stockholm. From there, visited Harry Carr once a year his family, he flew in the belly of a "Mosquito" Bombers, to England. Already during the war, the SIS tried in the build-up of an agent network in the Baltic countries. Harry Carr was also at drove point to function. Even after the end of the Second world war, this agent network was expanded in the Soviet Union. In the meantime, the Soviets, however, were not inactive. In the Burgess-Maclean affair in 1955, several Soviet agents were uncovered in the British intelligence services. The agent network in the Baltic countries was betrayed, first, without this having been noticed in London. Then Agent Kim Philby was unmasked. Harry Carr had later a deep contempt for Philby. This was probably for the unmasking of the network responsible, Philby denied this, Harry Carr suspected it. Harry Carr worked until 1961 in his Position, before he zuruckzog from the SIS, later MI6.
He received for his services the order of LVO (Lieutenant of the Victoria order), and — for secret service employees in a very unusual -CMG (Companion of the order of St. Michael and St. George). The latter was bestowed by the way — and here the expression is noted with a wink — also in the (fictional) James Bond in "love grusse from Moscow". In a Nachnif in the "Times" dated 22.3.1988 he is described as a "very closed and secretive man", "the shops were only the closest of colleagues." To be "meticulous sense of secrecy was more saying", the "Times". Even as a representative of his old "company" Harry Carr in his old age visited, to fill the still existing Gaps in the documentation, like this from Tom Bower in his controversial book, "The Red Web" is described, they met with a wall hoflichen silence.
Harry's jungerer brother Edward Lambton Carr, I learn person to know and that was in the shipping business to function. On this occasion, he also came a long time once a year to Hamburg to the big dinner of the local shipowners, and ship brokers. On this occasion, he met there with his cousins Asta jokiel all, and Martha Fischer, my grandmother,. The three have thought in the case of this tempering of her Childhood in Arkhangelsk back. Although life was not easy, winters were long and cold and the diet focused on fish, cabbage and Wild, but there were for children a lot of freedom. Variety in diet brought the hot-awaited arrivals of ships from England in the summer, who also brought chocolate and bananas. Since the playmates, mostly Russian children of employees were also engaged in English and either French or German Gouvemante, to let the native languages are not forgotten.
The island could sometimes be quite lonely, because there was no Brticke and the river could not be during cross of the time of the Eisgangs. Add to that, the island was flooded when the ice more often. In the summer, you could only reach by rowing boat to the mainland. In the Winter the snow fell up to 1.5 m high, and the children constructed FORTS, extensive Snow. As a family, as mentioned, later moved to the city, life changed. Still, there were 6 domestic workers who had free Board and lodging, but otherwise poorly paid. In the city the family had significantly less animals. The employees verwohnten the children over all the masses. So, if a child couldn't sleep, children, girls, and sat down on the bed, until it was back to sleep. The children the girls bathed, washed and dried in the children to youth age. The shame understanding was different: Teddy is described that the Men and women in separate groups bathed naked in the river. That the Western Europeans were bathing in mixed groups in Baden kostumen, perceived the Russian population as unseemly.
The Winter was running with ice hockey, ice sailing, ice skating and cross-country skiing uberbruckt. In order to keep the Cold out of the houses, it was built in several Hills, so that 3 Eingangtiiren were in a row, each with several steps in-between space. Since almost all of the Hauser were made of wood, was the risk of fire tremendously.
Later, I had the opportunity, Teddy and his wife, Marjorie, through the mediation of my major to learn mother-to-be. In the case of several Visits, I was able to make in your house "Domik" in Old Windsor, I was always by her kindness and hospitality overwhelmed. Especially in memory remained, as I have to get on the (Teddy,Antony,Marjorie&David Carr 1993), the high point of the BSE hysteria in the case of Teddy and Margorie a large English Steak served. Interestingly, nobody is talking today about BSE, and perhaps it has in the higher age just so many things come and go, a slightly different angle (who will remember in 2 years to the swine flu? As was the same with SARS and the bird flu/chicken plague ?) I had previously been already 3 months in Manchester and so it came to a good Steak more or less. Even to his 90.Birthday invited me Teddy together with my future wife Stefanie Klarner.
Here I also had the opportunity to speak with Teddy's old friend Rainer steams, the exchange Schuler, Dagmar Clafton and so Teddy got to know and told me a few anecdotes: So, for example, that came near Teddy and Marjorie to the Dance, and Teddy danced to the favorite Tango. In 1933, Teddy and Marjorie were Dancing in the Crystal Palace. The two discovered that silent film star Rudolph Valentino was among the guests. During the dancing, Marjorie Teddy instigated, Valentino to bump into, to come with him into the conversation. Valentino apologized for his clumsiness-like.
Teddy potion also particularly like Gin and Tonic. Once he is on a fire ladder from Marjorie's and his hotel room, you climbed while asleep, to can with friends at the Bar to celebrate. As a ship broker, he was also represented in the examination Committee and the water connected. He rowed a lot with his friend Gibb on the river Thames, on whose Banks his house "Domik" directly. Through the garden gate into the narrow
Path along the Tiber to cross was right on the river. Teddy was a co-founder of the local rowing club and, at times, is also the Chairman. A Ftihrerschein for a car he has owned. At the end of a long walk by the river and in the neighborhood he's told me of Elton John, who had lived in the neighborhood, and of his invitation to a garden party in Buckingham Palace. In the house of Teddy, and Marjorie, only the image with the 3 on the wall, but also a congratulations telegram from Queen Elizabeth II for the diamond wedding (70 years). Of course, I have not undone his funeral, but I have to say that I voted for the news of his death very sad. I've lost a friend. Incredibly optimistic, I found the handling of his family with his death, was reminded of his erfulltes, beautiful life and shared experiences with Teddy reported. That was really a lot of positive (as you can tell on one such occasion,) as all of the brave celebrate, I've experienced until then in this country.
Of course the history of his family goes further still; his son lives in England and their children in England as in France. Descendants in Arkhangelsk there are, however, not and so these so-interesting Episode of the family's complete history in Russia.