Guernet.M:1\O kind Lurav. 2\O A. H. Rinke.
Rod Lussow in Arkhangelsk

Karl (Karsten) Johannovich Lyurs (7-16.01.1807)-Hanover citizen, a native of the city of Dibolets, in January 1794 he arrived in St. Petersburg and, referring to the British Consul General John Kelly, January 26 received a passport to travel to Arkhangelsk "for their own needs." On the same day, the passport was registered in the Metropolitan administration of the deanery under № 78. According to the book the Philistine city of Arkhangelsk in 1793-1796, G. G., in 1794, Carl I. Lura was 28 years old. He was listed as a foreigner, living in the city, had no home. Was a tailor master. In the Arkhangelsk philistinism Carl Lurz enrolled on the nominal strength of the decree of Paul I dated 26 October, 1797 "indispensable for all living in Russia in a particular class". In submitted to the city Council the petition of 23 August 1799, Luers said that has food from the tailor's craft and asks to record it in a temporary petty bourgeoisie of the city of Arkhangelsk. His application was granted, as evidenced by the decree of the State chamber of 7 October 1799. Temporarily in handicraft shop he signed up earlier-in October, 1796. About 1797-1798 year Carl Iogannovich Lyurs aged 32 years married with the daughter of a native of the city of Bremen Karl Natita Maria 23 years. They had three children: Carl, Wilhelmina, Peter.
I generation:
1.Karl Karlovich (approx. 1799-10.01.1879).
2.Wilhelmina Karlovna (CA. 1802 -?) 7.
3.Pyotr Karlovich Lyurs (6.10.1806-1879). In 1817-1818 he lived in Arkhangelsk on the income of his father's inheritance. Was considered the head of the family, which was written to his sister Wilhelmina. In 1825, he was a clerk at the merchant Amburger. Traveled on business in the County town of the Arkhangelsk province, including the Pinega. At the beginning of 1826 was "no positions", but since the end of February he served with the merchant Ivan Garnet and Michael Kinse. By the time of acceptance of the Russian citizenship on October 26, 1832 Pyotr Karlovich was married to the daughter of merchant Andrey Avgustovich PEC — Carolina. Together with his wife, Peter Karlovich joined the 2nd Guild merchants in Arkhangelsk in the beginning of August, 1832. In 1832, its capital amounted to 20 000 rubles. Trading of various products in the Association "des Fontaines and Lyurs"12. In 1836 together with Fontanasa periphials from the 2nd to the 1st Guild and continued joint activities with him. In that year, Peter Karlovich was 30 years old. In 1840-1848. Peter Karlovich traded in the firm "Gribanov, Fontaines and Lyurs", and in 1848 ceased operations in this partnership. In connection with its entry and acceptance in the partnership is a merchant's son Vladimir Ilyich Gribanova, by the decree of the Arkhangelsk state chamber from 7 January 1848, the above partnership was renamed to "Gribanov, Fontaines and K°". In 1849 a decree of the governing Senate of February 14, № 507 family Lussow was elevated to the hereditary honorary citizenship. In 1850 Peter Karlovich was engaged in wholesale trade at the Arkhangelsk port. Of those who came that year in a city of 19 ships was addressed Lurs. In 1858 he still was the 1st Guild merchant Arkhangelsk and in 1859 declared the capital by 15, OOO RUB. in silver, and showed his fortune in cash and a linen factory, which was located near the Great Ustyug. In 1860, the capital of Lurs remained the same. At the end of December 1866, Peter Karlovich appealed to the Arkhangelsk city Duma with a request to register the educated trading house "Peter Lyurs with his sons", making his older sons Karl and Herman equal partners.
Pyotr Karlovich Lyurs at the choice of merchant society was "the following city services": a member of the Arkhangelsk commercial court (1840-1847), a member of the Committee for supervision of marriage of goods (1839 1841, 1854-1856, 1862-1864), a candidate for the position of a member in the same Committee (1853-1854, 1861-1862, 1864-1865), a candidate for the Director of the Arkhangelsk office of the State Bank (1861-1865), a member of the Department of the Arkhangelsk commercial Council (1861-1865). accounting and lending Committee of the Arkhangelsk office of the State Bank (1865-1867); the foreman of the Council of Evangelical schools (1867), the foreman of the Church Council of the Church of St. Catherine (1871), the honorary patron of this Church.
P. I. Lyurs had awards: a gold medal with the inscription" for diligence " to be worn around the neck on the Anninsky ribbon (September 9, 1844); the same on the Stanislavsky ribbon (December 16, 1869).
In 1844 he made a donation in favor of the Arkhangelsk orphanage.
Wife of Peter Karlovich was Carolina A. PEC (1815 -14.03.1898).
Children: Ernestine, Maria, Carl, Samuel, Herman, Julia Caroline, Alexander, William, George.
Pyotr Karlovich was buried at the Lutheran cemetery in Arkhangelsk.
II generation:

Ernestina Maria Petrovna Lyurs (1832 -?) in 1862, she married. Her husband's name in the documents of the State archive of Arkhangelsk region failed to install. But in the genealogical table of genera Schmidt, Lindes and Lürs, compiled by the German genealogist Sven Rick Fischer, his name is M. Edward Marcus (1827-1914).
Karl Samuel Petrovic Lyurs (1841 -?), hereditary honorary citizen, merchant of the 1st Guild, was a partner of his father in the trading house "Peter Lyurs with his sons." He studied at the Arkhangelsk Evangelical school. In 1873, at the age of 33 enlisted in the 2 nd Guild. In 1875 he was a trusted merchant of Nikolai and Mitrofan Belyaev, owners of sawmill in Soroka (*now Belomorsk), Kemsky district. In July 1881 Karl Petrovich established the trading house"Lyurs and K°". Partners he did not have all the Affairs he governed himself. Stated capital in that year was 10,000 rubles. Karl Petrovic was a candidate for members of the commercial court (1874-1879), a member of the commercial court since 1880). Wife of K. P. Lyursa was Aleksandra Alekseevna, nee Veselovskaya. The wedding date had failed to detect, but in 1892 the Arkhangelsk spiritual Consistory the decision of the St. Petersburg district court was legitimized their bastard children: Seraphim (27.07.1881-?), Sergei (28.09.1882 -?), Valentina (23.01.1884 -?) 26.
Herman p. Lyurs (circa 1841-1910), merchant of the 1st guildiy27. Information about the life and activities of Herman Petrovich in Arkhangelsk after its adoption in the trading house "Peter Lyurs sons" equal partner is not detected. However, the Scottish writer Eugene Fraser in his book "house over Dvina" writes that in 1903 her future father Herman Alexandrovich Scholz after graduating from the Riga school of Commerce was sent by his mother to Scotland in Dundee for improvement in commercial Affairs. This city was chosen because there lived a relative engaged in trade in Russian flax. From the Russian traded in Dundee, could only be Herman Petrovich Lyurs this is evidenced by the explorations of Sven Rick Fisher. According to his research, German Petrovich was born on may 15, 1841 in Veliky Ustyug, Vologda province, which is confirmed by indirect facts obtained in archival documents.
Wife of Herman Lyursa was Sewell Isabella Agnes (9.09.1854-1891).
Their children: Olga Isabel (?-1960), Sigey, Caroline Ruth (1876-1956), Peter John(1879~1944), Hermann, Bartram, Arthur (1886-1963), Harry (1889 - died immediately after birth).
Julia Caroline P. Lyurs (27.02.1845-?). In 1866 she was married to William Christian Meyer (1840-1908).
Alexander Vilhelm p. Lyurs (2.11.1846-26.08.1884), merchant, hereditary honorary citizen, first conductor of the orchestra Of the society of music lovers. He studied at the Arkhangelsk Evangelical school. Without being accepted in trading house of the father, was engaged in commercial activity independently. In some documents he is listed among the Vyatka merchants of the 1st Guild. It is not clear how he became a Vyatka merchant. In 1876 he perepisali the 2nd Guild Arkhangelsk купечества31. In 1880 he acquires from the merchant V. K. Kuznetsova land on the corner of Trinity Avenue and the streets of Olonets (now St Gaidar) with a two-storey house and outbuildings for 3000 rubles and settled here.
He was elected a member of Arkhangelsk city Duma: 1st chetyrehrogaja 16 Feb 1878; 2nd four years from 14 January 1883, candidate to the members of the Arkhangelsk commercial court of 13 February, 1882; member of the Society of aid to poor students (along with wife) male and female gymnasiums (1881-1882). In 1883 Alexander, as a city Councilor, made of 25 rubles to cover expenses for a worthy celebration in Arkhangelsk days "of the coronation of Emperor Alexander III with his wife".  His wife was Emma Maria Frantsevna (7-16.06.1921, Arkhangelsk), daughter of Archangel merchant Franz Scholz). They were married on September 5, 1871 after the death of Alexander Petrovich, who remained her heir to her fortune, she continued her charitable activities: in 1908-1912 she was a member of the charitable society under the Arkhangelsk hospital of the Order of public charity, and in 1910 — a member of the Board of the same society. Its share fell all the horrors of the First world war, the February revolution and the October revolution of 1917, the intervention and the Civil war and the establishment of Soviet power in the North. The garden in the yard was looted during the hungry war years, and the Bolsheviks who came to power confiscated most of the residential premises, almost all utensils and household items. Their children are: Agnes, Lucie, Clara, Alexander Edward, Maria, Arvid, Elsa emigrated abroad.
Georgy Petrovich Lyurs (approx. 1846-21.12.1903 Hong Kong), merchant 1-St Guild, hereditary honorable citizen. He studied at the Arkhangelsk Evangelical school.
III generation
Bertram (Bar(ram) Germanovich, Lurs(1882-1929). Eugene Fraser in his book mentions him. Bertram introduced her father to his future wife, the mother of E. Frasier.
Herman Germanovich Lyurs (1880-1954). In one of Arkhangelsk Newspapers since the first world war there was a note "Our fellow countryman — the hero in English army". It was a reprint from the Courier newspaper going to Dundee. It told of Herman Hermanovich Nurse, Lieutenant Colonel of the British army, who commanded on the French front as a battalion of the English shooters. It was further reported that the hero of 35 years is the youngest Colonel in the British army from Dundee, and his father Herman Petrovich Lyurs led the business but the sale of flax and tow.
Agnes A. Lyurs (26.02.1873-21.12.1953, Hamburg) married 26 Oct 1897 Eduard Lindes (approx. 1873-12.04.1926, Wandsbek, Germany), merchant son of the hereditary honourable citizen Ferdinand Lindes, elders of the Evangelical parish. In 1905-1909 Eduard ferdinandovich was a Dutch Consul in Arkhangelsk; in 1910 he was a member of the Arkhangelsk society for the study of the Russian North; in 1911 he was a candidate for the Board members of the Northern steamship society Kotlas — Arkhangelsk — Murmansk; a member of the competition of Guardianship in the Arkhangelsk province (1912). In 1912. was among the founders of the Partnership of the Northern zolotarjova. 1915 together with Agnessa Aleksandrovna was among the shareholders of the faithful steamship company Kotlas-Arkhangelsk-Murmansk" (owned 50 shares.  Their children: Alexander Edward( 10.09.1898-2.05.1915), Magdalene Agnes (1.11899~?); Edith Lucius (14.11.1901 -?), Ingrid Emma. In 1919 the family emigrated from Arkhangelsk.
Lucius A. Lyurs (19.05.1874-1953, Hamburg) married 14 Nov 1894 with a hereditary nobleman, Arthur Konstantinovich Pilecki (21.03.1868-1942, Hamburg), son of state Councilor Konstantina B. Piratskogo. Arthur Pilaski in 1897 1910 served as a cashier in the Arkhangelsk Department of Russian for foreign trade Bank. In 1913 he was a Trustee of the same Bank. In 1915 he was among the shareholders of the Northern steamship company Kotlas-Arkhangelsk-Murmansk (owned 20 shares. In October 1919 Lucius A. and Arthur K. evacuated from Arkhangelsk abroad. Information about birth of children, the couple Pilecki not detected.
Clara A. Lyurs (28.12.1875-28.06.1878).
Maria A. Lyurs (7.01.1880-23.02.1882).
Arvid A. Lurc (7.03.1882-1919, Arkhangelsk).
Elsa Alexandrovna Lyurs (28.06.1883 -?) was married on November 12, 1906 with Georg Ferdinandovich Lindes (27.06.1883-1952, Hamburg), managing Director of the Northern steamship company Kotlas-Arkhangelsk-Murmansk (in 1907-1919 he was a shareholder of the company: owned 50 shares. In addition to the management of the steamship company, he served at the choice of the city society in various public positions: in 1909 in the administration for the insolvent debtor of the Norwegian citizen Gunnar Ivanovich Abrahamsen; 1910-1913. he was a member of the accounting Committee of the Arkhangelsk city public Bank; in 1913 was a city Councilor; a member of the Archangel society for the study of the Russian North. In 1916, donated 50 rubles. to improve the nutritional status of sick and wounded soldiers in hospitals in Arkhangelsk the all-Russian Council of cities. Their children are: Erwin Herman, Martha Emma, Ferdinand Alexander, Olga, Elsa, Sigrid Irina. In 1919 the family emigrated from Arkhangelsk.
Alexander Eduard Lyurs (6.05.1877-27.07.1942, Hamburg). He studied at the Arkhangelsk Evangelical school. According to indirect evidence, Alexander began his service in the office of one of the sawmill plants in Maimax. Probably, business was in London in 1898. In 1907-1910, in all probability, authorized by the managers of the sawmill, on which rum he served, signed contracts for the purchase of timber from the auction. Alexander Alexandrovich served in public election positions: in 1908 he was a member of the charitable society at the Arkhangelsk hospital of the Order of public charity; in 1909 and 1913 he was a member of the accounting Committee of the Arkhangelsk branch of St. Petersburg international Bank. He was among the shareholders of the Northern steamship company Kotlas-Arkhangelsk-Murmansk (in 1915 he owned 32 shares.) His wife was Alma Louise (30.12.1876, St. Petersburg-26.03.1953), daughter of the German Consul, honorary patron of the Archangel Evangelical Lutheran Church. Catherine Wilhelm Wilhelmovich Meyer. Married on 6 may 1905. Their children are: Herbert Edward, Renata Alma Louise, Alexander Wilhelm, Erich Herman, Magda, Olga, Otto Felix, Elsa Inhabit. In the fall of 1919 the family emigrated abroad.

​IV generation
Alexander Eduard Lindes (10.09.1898-2.05.1915).
Magdalena Agnes E. Lindes (1.11.1899-?).
Edith Lucie E. Lindes (14.11.1901-?).
Ingrid Emma E. Lindes.
Children of Elzy A. and George, Alexander F. Lindelof: Erwin Herman Lindes (16.11.1907-?), Marta Emma Lindes (7.12.1909 -?), Ferdinand Alexander Lindes (6.10.1911 -?), Olga Elsa Lindes (30.12.1914 -?), Zigrid Irina Lindes (20.01.1917 -?).
Children Of Alexander Eduard Lyurs: Herbert Edward Lyurs (4.03.1907 -?), Renata Alma Louise Luers (1.03.1909-?), Alexander William Luers (18.01.1911-?), Erich Hermann Luers (26.08.1912-?), Magda Olga Lyurs (19.06.1914 -?) Otto Felix Lurs (4.10.1915 -?), Elsa Ingebord Lyurs (17(30).03.1918 -?).
Descendants of the Courses live in Germany to this day (*Ulf Krause with his family in Bremen).

​A NATIVE OF ARKHANGELSK
(To the 170 anniversary FROM the birthday of A. H. RINEK)
PREFACE

At the end of the XIX century Alexander rinek was known as a brilliant surgeon, one of the first to operate on the abdominal cavity, as well as a talented teacher, Creator of the scientific school of surgeons.
His name is associated with the use of antiseptics and aseptics in Kiev clinics.
Recently his name is unfairly forgotten, despite the fact that in the Soviet period there were quite a few scientific publications about him, however, some biographers mistakenly claimed that the birthplace of Alexander Khristianovich was Czech Republic.

 

GERMAN ANCESTORS

Alexander Khristianovich's grandfather, Martin-Philip Rinek, at the age of 20, arrived in Arkhangelsk from Hamburg not earlier than 1794, invited by the Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. Catherine as an organist. Archival documents about this event have not yet been found, but since 1796, his name has been constantly mentioned in the city's ordinary books.
In 1802, he married the widow of the deceased staff physician Schultz, Maria Magdalena, nee PEC, 26 years.
In 1808 Martin-Phillip died, and Maria Magdalena, second time left a widow, left with three young children: Caroline, 5 years old, Christian 3 years and Evgenia 2 years, receiving from the Church a meager pension for the deceased husband .
In connection with shortage of means of livelihood, rented housing had to vacate, and the widow moved to her father's house Aug PEC, known in Baker city.
Mary-Magdalene was still quite a young, attractive woman, and in 1811 she married for the third time a Danish citizen Peter-Nicolaus Dressen, a school teacher at the reformed Church, who arrived in Arkhangelsk in 1801 from golshtiniya. At the end of 1813 they had two children: Margareta 2 years and Peter 6 months. Peter-Nikolaus died in Arkhangelsk in 1822 at the age of 47 years. Maria Magdalena died in 1851 at the age of 74 years.

CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN OF MARY MAGDALENE

The son of Mary-Magdalene from a second marriage, Christians, in 1822 entered the civil service. 30 years later, on January 18, 1853 (all dates are given on old style of chronology), he died in a position of the Pinezhsky (Pinega-the County city in the Arkhangelsk province) district chief, having left without means of livelihood to Evgeny's wife-Charlotte-Elizabeth, nee Shel, with eight children, to the senior from which, to Alexander who was born on August 26, 1837, was only 15 years old.

Subsequently the grandchildren of Mary Magdalene from the 2nd and 3rd marriages — Alexander Khristianovich Rinek & Dorothea Maria Dressen — were married about 1873, and while the young Alexander, who studied at the Voronezh school, after his father's death, because of the extremely difficult financial situation of the family, dropping out of school and entered the civil service in Arkhangelsk. Being passed over, retires and enters the St. Petersburg medical-surgical Academy.

CAREER SCIENTIST

After graduating from the Academy in 1864, A. H. Rinek served as a Junior resident in the 2nd military land hospital. In 1867 he defended his thesis "to the teaching of the cylinder" on the degree of doctor of medicine and a year later was sent for scientific purposes abroad, where he stayed for two years. Upon his return to his homeland, A. Rinek was appointed Junior physician in the 67th tarutinsky regiment and assigned to the clinical military hospital. In 1872 he was transferred to the senior resident in the Kiev military hospital.

In the same year, a competition for the vacant position at the Department of surgery was announced at St. Volodymyr University in Kyiv. According to the results of the secret ballot in 1873 A. H. Rinek was approved there as a Professor.
In 1876, after the beginning of the Serbian-Montenegrin-Turkish war, A. Rinek went to the war zone as a senior physician in the sanitary unit, headed By SP Botkin. He assisted the wounded in the red cross hospital and was soon appointed senior physician at all hospitals in the institution.
A. H. Rinek took part in the Russian-Turkish war from 1878 to 1881 Alexander rinek headed the Department of theoretical surgery with a hospital clinic in the same Kiev University, and from 1881 he became the head of the Department of faculty surgery. In 1894, Alexander Khristianovich retired and left Kiev. In recent years, he lived in Odessa and St. Petersburg, served as a senior physician and surgeon in Tambov provincial Zemstvo hospital for several years.

EPILOGUE

Having lived most of his life in the South of Russia, Professor A. H. Rinek remained attached to his distant Homeland and constantly showed interest in the North in General. For example, back in 1871, he sent several of his scientific articles to the library of the society of Archangel doctors.
Being a full member of the Archangel society for the study of the Russian North, published in "Izvestia" published by the society, the article "the Murmansk railroad" and "on the Murmansk railroad," in which even before the outbreak of the First world war proved arguments of the state and the strategic importance of the future road and its possible role in the development of the Northern region. The war broke out and subsequent events confirmed the correctness of its conclusions.
Died A. H. Rinek 13 March 1915 year in Tambov from fever " of lung. The old Professor did not live to finish the construction of the railway to Murman, but the name of the person who managed to draw the attention of the government to his project, the northerners will never forget.
When writing article materials used: GAAO, f.f. 49, 37, 115; of the journal "proceedings of the Archangelsk society for the study of the Russian North" 1913, 1914,1915.

Light memory of Evgeny Petrovich Bozhko, historian-researcher

Archangelica - children German settlement

Chronicles of the ancient genus PEC (Paetz), little-known pages of history from the XIV century to the present day

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