top of page

Archangelica - children German settlement

Chronicles of the ancient genus PEC (Paetz), little-known pages of history from the XIV century to the present day

Light memory of Evgeny Petrovich Bozhko, historian-researcher

Chronicle of de Fontaines — des Fontaines















































































De Fontane belonged to the highest French aristocracy, though they were not titled, but they had a bit of blood from king Philip II Augustus. I believe that the kind of de Fontain, started from the younger branch of the counts of Abbeville, when her heirs received the community Fontain-sur-Somme, from where they have that name. The house of Abbeville comes from the house of the counts of Ponthieu. Fontaines-sur — Somme was part of the County of Flanders at this time and much later-France.
De Fontaines-one of the oldest and most famous families in the French province of Picardy, stretching from the Pas de Calais to the border of modern Belgium. The counts of Abbeville chose as their coat of arms a large silver shield with three small shields of squirrel fur. The founder of the new branch, Guillaume (Wilhelm) de Fontaine, returning through Hungary from the first crusade, replaced the silver shield with gold. Later the ermine border was added to the coat of arms.
Guillaume was in the first wave of the Crusader army in Constantinople. The first purpose of the crusaders on the road to the Holy country was Nicaea, the capital of the Seljuk Turks, captured by them in 1077 near Byzantium. In may and June, 1,097 crusaders approached Nicaea and stormed the city. Guillaume was in Robert von Flandern's army. The Turks fought fiercely, but they underestimated the number and strength of the enemy. The crusaders also had a lot of dead bodies and countless wounded, but finally, Nicaea was taken. Guillaume de Fontaine received after this battle coat of arms, which today can be seen in Versailles in the hall Kreuzziige
The first crusade successfully ended with the seizure of Jerusalem and the formation of three Crusader States: the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Principality of Antioch and the County of Edessa.
During the First crusade in 1096, in Asia Minor, Guillaume de Fontaine also participated in the battle with the Seljuks of Suliman Ibn Kutalmis. It is known that he was still living in 1119, and was married to Charlotte de May, and they had at least three children: Enguerran (Ferdinand), Mr. roul d Arena, and Margaret, left for Thierry, Seigneur de Linga. Their names are mentioned in the Church books from 1142-1176 years.
On their land Enguerran built the Abbey Abbey-d-Apang-Les-Abbeville (which later became known as the Church of the Holy Tungsten), severely affected by the bombing, as the city of Abbeville during the Second World war.
Of the five children Anguera his eldest son Aleum, became famous as a talented military leader, although his two brothers, Rawle d Arena and Gautier, or Vautier (Walter), of knightly prowess, it is also not inferior. Their younger brother, Nicholas, became a Bishop in Cambri. And they had a sister Jeanne.
Aleum, sir des Fontaine de lone de Longpre de Neuvill-AUX-Bois and other lands, married laurette de Saint-valéry, daughter of Bernard III, Seigneur de Saint-valéry, a relative of the French king. (It is interesting to note that it was from St. Valerie in 1066 that William of Normandy went to conquer England.) In 1185, the French king appointed Aleum de Fontaine Butler Abbeville, who received a Charter for the city the year before, and the commander and protector of the castle and the Abbeville. Before Aleaum became Crusader, he was the second burgomaster in the history of Abbeville, where today his coat of arms can be seen in the town hall.
Going into the third crusade, king Philip II Augustus of Aleum appointed one of his commanders. Together with the king and Jean, Duke of pottier, Aleum went to Palestine. When Philip II Augustus, because of his health was forced to return to France, he appointed the commanders of the French crusaders Hugo III Duke of Burgundy and Aleum de Fontaine.
After the end of the third crusade Aleum remained in Palestine and later joined the participants of the fourth crusade (1202-1204). He participated in the conquest of Constantinople, where he died in 1205. Before his death, Aleum de Fonteyn handed over all the relics and jewels he had collected in the Holy Land to his chaplain named Wolbert, on condition that he handed them to his wife Loretta Saint-Valerie, señore de Fonteyn. She was instructed to give everything to the Church in Lompre, Aleum is built, and from these funds to Finance scholarships to twelve young graduate students – that was the will of the deceased that his widow did. At first, the scholarship Fund was headed by the said chaplain Woolbert, and then two sons of the late Aleum. In the rich collection been so many partial remains of saints that the temple in Londre was called “KOR-St” – the temple Relics of the Saints. In this temple Loretta in a few years found eternal rest next to the tomb of Aleum.
Three sons of Loretta and Aleum was too valiant knights. Two eldest sons – Hugo Seigneur de Fontaine, and his brother Vauthier Mr. Alencar, in 1214 participated in the historic battle of Bouvine, where Philip II Augustus defeated the army of the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the Distillate IV, count Flandersbio Reno and the English king John Lackland. The name of the third son of Aleum and Loreta – Henri is included in the lists of the glorious seniors of the Kingdom in the Amiens Cathedral. Aleum and Loretta had a son and three daughters.
Among the grandchildren of Aleum, the first, the most prominent was Pierre de Fontaine, one of the main advisers of Ludwig the Saint. About it Ludovig a Saint once said the hook: “Monsieur Pierre de Fontaine and (some names) are my saviors.”
Over time, de Fontaine, like most other noble families of medieval France, began to experience financial difficulties. In 1244 they sold part of their land to Abbeville burgher, in 1270 they had to sell even more land, and in 1289 they sold part of their land to British king Edward I.
One of de fontanov founded a new branch de Fontaine de Neuvill-AUX-Bois. Then began further offshoots. One younger branch had replaced the old coat of arms of the new blue shield with six bees, and three fountains; to this branch belonged to the first who settled in Russia at des Fontaines. This branch settled in one need not look far, and later in Udine, Ile-de-France. The American branch originates from the branch de Fontaine Newville-AU-Bois: the first known to us de Fontaine in America was James Jr., the son of pastor James Sr.-he fled from France to Virginia in 1717, and his descendants moved from there to South Carolina.
The senior branch of the des of approximately fontanov ended in 1301 when the head just kind of left woman – Jeanne de Fontaine, Madame de Longpre-on-Cor-Sept. Younger branches existed before the end of the 18th century. By that time, if you count from Guillaume-first, rod de fontanov in France consisted of 21 generation.
Perhaps the most distinguished of all kind were Renaud de Fontaine, who with his father and uncle fought on the battlefield of Agincourt (1415). In this battle perished almost the whole flower of French chivalry on the battlefield were killed ten thousand of the French. This battle, which Shakespeare described in his drama “Henry V”, was one of the bloodiest for all the middle ages. Among the few survivors was Renaud de Fontaine, who then valiantly fought in the hundred years war (1337 -1453). 31 Aug 1421 under the Mans-on-Vimer he was captured, but soon ransomed. This "worthy and powerful Senor", as the chronicle calls him, participated in the siege of the Sideboard. He attacked the British when they appeared near his native Newville, and repulsed their attempt to Wade Somme between Abbeville and St. Valerie. It is known that only in one battle, he captured 800 people. He participated in the siege of Compiègne, when the Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good captivated Jeanne d'arc in 1430. (At that time Burgundy, like Picardy, fought on the side of the British). When Renault de Fontaine appeared on the battlefield near Royan, the enemy, seeing him in a hurry retreated. In 1455, the king appointed him as his representative (senchal) and Governor of the Duchy of Valois, a province owned by the crown. Throughout his life, Reno was still a bachelor.
Almost to the end of the Kingdom of France a de Fontane faithfully served his king, most cavalry officers. Some of them served in the order of the Hospitallers, when these knights monks, retreating from the Holy Land, Cyprus and Rhodes, settled in Malta. And one of de fontanov, a priest, was defrocked for marrying the lady of his heart.
In the 16th century some of them became followers of Calvin, Huguenots there. Fleeing the most severe persecution, they sought refuge in Protestant countries: in the neighboring Netherlands, in America, and in South Africa, in Scandinavia and Prussia.
The founder of the Russian branch, Pierre de Fontaine, fled from France in 1696 to the Netherlands. His grandson's name was already Pierre des Fontaines and in all documents it was listed as Ivan Petrovich. He moved to Arkhangelsk with his whole family – his wife, her daughter from the first marriage Sofia Halle and sister Maria des Fontanes. Some money from the des of Fontaines was, so on arrival in Arkhangelsk, he bought a house. The first ten years of Ivan Petrovich "was in the service with the office of foreign merchants, "Arthur Kelly and Co.", and then became enrolled as a "foreign broker" and entered 2 in the Guild of foreign guests. From 1793 to 1796 Ivan Petrovich des Fontaines was Elected in the city Council from the foreign guests. In 1799, he announced a capital of 8005 rubles and was "...chosen for the maintenance and storage of state wine." Ivan Petrovich des Fontaines belonged to the Calvinist reformed Church /Dutch/, and he had three sons and five daughters. He died in 1805 at the age of 48, leaving behind a widow and six children with minimal means of living.
Catherine married Moses Moiseyevich Clapton /his family came from Liverpool/ Anna married James Daniel Bailey, officer of the Russian Imperial Navy, and lived in St. Petersburg. Maria married someone sheele from the Netherlands, who came to Russia during the "economic downturn" in Amsterdam and was a very successful entrepreneur. In Mymax, he built a shipyard and sugar factory, and in 1830 signed up for the third Guild of the Arkhangelsk merchants, and soon became a merchant of the first Guild, a companion of a number of timber enterprises.
Major achievements in commercial matters was able to achieve a younger son of the Dutchman Abram I. des Fontaines. In early 1831, Abram Ivanovich and his wife Anna Moiseevna accepted Russian citizenship and joined the Archangelsk third Guild merchant class. Becoming a Russian citizen, Abram Ivanovich was given broad access to social activities and left a noticeable trace in the history of the city.
Like his father, he began his service in the simplest positions: first as a clerk in the trading house of Franz Scholz and Felix Clarke, and then as a forwarder of foreign ships. The last place of service allowed the young entrepreneur to establish ties with foreign merchants and start an independent business: trade edible supplies, supply them with foreign ships.
In 1832, Abram I. des Fontaines periphials in the second Guild merchant, and in 1833, together with the Arkhangelsk second Guild merchant Pyotr Karlovich Larcom traded partnership formed by them "A. des Fontaines and Lyurs". Apparently, luck accompanied them in all their endeavors and, in order to expand their trading activities, in early 1836 the companions became merchants of the first Guild. In 1838 a third companion to conduct jointly commercial cases was adopted by Nikol'skiy (Nikol'sk is a city in Vologda province) merchant of the first Guild Ilya Y. Gribanov. Since that time their Association became known as the "Gribanov, Fontaines and Lyurs".
In 1847, Abram Ivanovich and his family were elevated to Hereditary honorary citizenship. At the beginning of 1848, in connection with the release of "the partnership of Peter Karlovich Lyursa" and on the occasion of making it to the first Guild merchant son of Vladimir Ilyich Gribanova the partnership was renamed yet again (this time permanently) at "Gribanov, Fontaines Ko". And the marriage of Vladimir Gribanov, daughter of Abram I. des of Fontaines Anna strongly contributed to the strengthening they have created the trading house. Marriage Anne des Fontaines son of Elijah Gribanova was signed for purely commercial reasons — to strengthen commercial operations: Fontaines in Arkhangelsk and Gribanova in Nikol'sk, Velikiy Ustyug and Totma. And the result of this marriage was the Foundation of a prosperous company "Trade house of Fontaines, Gribanov Ko". Fontaines family is designated repeatedly as the commercially most successful family of the French name in Russia.
Since 1837, Abram served in various public positions free of charge for 30 years. Only one Committee to oversee the marriage of goods at the port of Archangel, he worked, with some interruptions, for over 20 years. The climax of his public work of Abram ten of Fontaines began service in the office of the mayor of Arkhangelsk — from 1853 to 1859, the years for which disposal of the civil Governor of Arkhangelsk on 24 Feb 1860 merchant was allowed to wear a retired uniform of the mayor.
For his zealous service in public positions, Abram Ivanovich was awarded three gold medals "for diligence" (to be worn around his neck: on Anninsky, Vladimir and Alexander ribbons), the order of St. Stanislaus II and III degrees, St. Anna III degrees and others, Highly awarded to him in 1845, 1851 and 1856. For assistance in sending provisions to the city of kolu and for the donation of 500 rubles for distribution to the poorest residents of The city (in 1854 the city of Kola was bombed by the English frigate "Miranda" and almost completely burned) Abram des Fonteynes was declared the Highest gratitude.
On the Highest command Abram Ivanovich as the Mayor, was present on August 26, 1856 at a ceremony of Sacred coronation of the Sovereign of Emperor Alexander II in Moscow and was awarded the big silver coronation medal. He met Alexander II in Arkhangelsk, when the Emperor in the fourth year of his reign, examined the North-Eastern region of his Empire and visited the city of Arkhangelsk and the Solovetsky monastery. For meritorious public service Abram I. des Fontaines was awarded the title of counselor of Commerce. For many years he headed the Board of the Arkhangelsk state Bank. At different times, Abram Ivanovich was a member of the Board of Trustees of the reform school, the Mariinsky women's gymnasium, a children's shelter, opened in the latter at his own expense, a Department of 8 people.
The newspaper "Arkhangelsk province news" rightly noted in the obituary dedicated to the memory of the merchant: "Abram Ivanovich deserved utter respect for citizens, not by obsequiousness and flattery, and unconditional observance of public interests." The author of the publication called the deceased " a worthy citizen of our city»
Edward des Fontaines, son of Abram I., having completed the course of study in the Evangelical school, fifteen years old at the request of parents took Russian citizenship August 27, 1845, and the following month was assigned to the capital of his father. As the merchant's son was directly involved in the activities of the trading house "Gribanov, Fontaines Ko".
At the age of nineteen, he was sent by the father for three years abroad in Hamburg and London to improve knowledge in foreign languages and practical acquaintance with commercial business in the offices of partners of the trading house "Gribanov, Fontaines Ko".
In 1857, Eduard Abramovich married the merchant's daughter Vilgelmina Petrovna, a nee Dressen. Over the years of their happy married life they became the parents of eight children.
In the commercial Affairs of the trading house, led by his father and son-in-law Vladimir Gribanov, Edward proved to be a diligent and zealous assistant, for which he was accepted as a full companion in 1858. In 1869, Abram I., struck by a serious illness, handed over all authority to the son. On September 20, 1873, Abram died, and Eduard Abramovich became a full partner in the partnership, having rewritten the first Guild of the Archangelsk merchants for 1874.
As well as his father, Eduard Abramovich willingly and gratuitously participated in work of various city services, since 1868: in 1868-1870 by the Arkhangelsk Head, then was elected Vowel of the Arkhangelsk city Council and served in this position 20 years (1871=1891).
"For excellent service" Eduard Abramovich was awarded the order of St. Stanislav of the second degree, the sign of the "red cross", the order of St. Anne of the second degree.
Charitable activity has always been a distinctive feature of the Russian merchants. Following the example of his father, Eduard Abramovich made numerous donations for the benefit of the poor, the sick and orphans, not especially by announcing his noble deeds, always without delay responding to all the requests of the needy. And he took an active part in the activities of various care and charity organizations.
Like most residents of the German settlement, Eduard Abramovich was a parishioner of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.Catherine. In 1892 he was elected Church warden, and in 1894 the Honorary Patron of the Evangelical society.
As a result of the unfavorable combination of circumstances trading house "Gribanov, Fonteynes and Co", which existed for more than forty years, began to suffer heavy losses and, in coordination with a companion, Vladimir Ilyich Gribanov, Eduard Abramovich stopped commercial business, closing the office in 1889. The following year he became seriously ill, attempts of treatment made in the best clinics of the capital turned out to be inconclusive, and on August 15, 1901 Eduard Abramovich died in the hands of his children. The coffin with the body of the deceased was brought back from Peterhof to Arkhangelsk. The funeral took place at the cemetery of the Evangelical society. "Rest in peace, our gallant fellow citizen," so ended an obituary on the death of Edward Abramovich, published in the newspaper "Arkhangelsk province news".

 Says the daughter of Dagmara des Fontaines, legman (Smith) Alice M.:
"Mom...our des Fontaines Dagmara E. was born in 1890, died in 1953, All my life we had to hide their family ties... Our parents never did not told... of 4 children (daughters) currently live 2: Alice M. (82 years old) and Tatiana (80 years). My father – Ivanov, Mikhail Nikolayevich (born in the city of Ostashkov), e suffered from repressions.all his youth he devoted to the revolution. On January 4, 1938 he was arrested. After torture and imprisonment – 8 years of exile in Solikamsk.fortunately he remained alive. Mikhail Ivanov recalled how, in 1912, he returned from exile on purpose, resulted in the Arkhangelsk house of Fontaneau Shura Yogi. \ Yogi (by her husband Martynov) (1890 Arkhangelsk – Leningrad, 1962). Together with M. Ivanov des Fontaines etc. was part of the Arkhangelsk group of anarchist Communists (followers of Kropotkin). Subsequently the right eserka. "Roots" of Alexander Yogi and her younger sister Maria (1895 Arkhangelsk-1938 Kharkov?)- in Austria-Hungary. Probably The Czech Republic. Mary Yogi Trutovsky fere shot by sentence of the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court from 28.08.1938 G.
"The house to which Shura brought me belonged to the Chairman of the deaf and dumb Alice Alexandrovna des Fontanes. Like all the houses in the German quarter, it was not like our, Russian. One-story, wooden, but when I look at it even from the outside, how I felt in this interior space, comfort, bright and large rooms.
 Here, in the German suburb, – already laughing, said Shura, the police of the nose is not showing. – You seem to have overdone it in search of shelter for me – said I, quite embarrassed by the fact that have to stay in such a mansion. – I'd prefer something simpler, but thanks! although I am a legal person, and I prefer to be away from the police eyes.
The owner of the house was that summer abroad, in connection with the training of her deaf and dumb children sound literacy. Consent to settle in their house gave her cousin Dagmar and Wilhelmina. The first was twenty - first year, the second was one and a half years younger. Both studied in St. Petersburg at the Bestuzhev higher courses. Dagmara moved on the third course, Wilhelmina-on the second. Sister does not like one another: no appearance, no character, only growth, perhaps they had the same – below average. Dagmar, or Marie, as her high school friends called her, looked like a real beauty. – pretty as a picture! Loveliest creatures! - talked round".
The investigation and trial of a group (20 people) of" anarchists-Communists " lasted for several years and ended in 1915...Defended their well-known lawyers: N. K. Ants and his assistant A. S. Tager (shot in 1938). "Business" is loud, not only for Arkhangelsk, had political and social implications for the whole of Russia. The ants have made this process as one of its most important processes: "No. 95 on may 22, 1914 – it des-Fontaines, Bacina etc., OBV. in of belonging to Revol. body. in Arkhangelsk. Mosk. with sosl. prest. in The Arkhangelsk (the case was tried on the merits three times, being twice kassinove Senate)" in addition, to help us to protect archangelica, Ants invited even greater than the famous St. Petersburg lawyer Vasily A. Maklakov…
As a result, Ivanov was sent to Vologda to serve only a two – year expulsion. The bride Dagmara des Fontaines to go with him. Ivanov got a job as a reporter in the newspaper "the Echo… »
... Dagmara Eduardovna had to work a lot to support her children after her husband's arrest. She taught German in schools, medical Institute, military unit. "My mother often went to a military camp, which was located near Kursk, in the village of Cranberries. We children, weeks have not seen her," recalls Tatyana. From childhood, she remembered only the hunger, cold, constant lack of…
"But it was nothing compared to the fear we had to experience every night. We were afraid of mom getting arrested ... I Remember her being taken several times by a black car to UNKVD. And we children ran after her through the dark streets of the night city, fled and cried... In small arms, we kept a bundle for my mother (in anticipation of her arrest, she gathered all the necessary things that could be useful in prison). Then we sat down on the steps of a terrible building and, clinging to each other, without interruption looked at the heavy door. We so wanted to seemed mother...," recalled youngest daughter Ivanov.
Dagmara E. did not understand why she was brought to the NKVD and kept until morning, letting go only at dawn. "Arm in arm, we walked home, but numb from the experience of fear we will never forget...", excitedly recalled the sisters.
And then there was the war, evacuation from Kursk. Together with the medical College, the family moved to Kazakhstan. "Tightness in carriages was such a, that we had to to to go until Urals (three days) standing still." At that time, the eldest daughter Anna was already a student of the medical Institute. To continue her studies, she remained in Alma-ATA. Alice entered the shipbuilding College, evacuated here from Sevastopol. Tatiana and her mother went to Taldy-Kurgan district, where Dagmar Eduardovna was sent to work in school. "We settled in a small guard, which was next to the school, — says Tatiana. - This caretaker was not adapted for housing, it was always cold. Wood also was not, so we are stoked with crude vine, which is heat, there was only soot and smoke... the Water had to be carried from the Creek. Eating potato skins, oatmeal, Bread, milk and butter in the eye has not seen...".
Still, the family survived, met the father.
Anna M., eldest daughter of Ivanov, Kursk graduated from the medical Institute in 1945 and was drafted into the Soviet Army. In 1946, after the birth of her son, she was demobilized. Lived in Kursk, he worked as a pediatrician. Tragically died in 1957, Her son — Kouzeli Mikhail Viktorovich and daughter-in-law Svetlana graduated from medical school. In their footsteps went, the daughter of Michael Olga: she — the doctor-the ophthalmologist. Dmitry's son graduated from Kursk state technical University and works as a lawyer.
Tatiana Mikhailovna, the youngest daughter of Ivanov, also studied at the medical Institute, then worked as a pediatrician. Her daughter Lena studied at the University of Dresden. She worked as a software engineer. She lives with her family in Lithuania.
Alisa Mikhailovna Ivanova-legman I lived with a family (the daughter of Alexander and grandson Dmitry) in Sevastopol. She graduated from the shipbuilding College, then — Institute. He worked at the Central design Bureau of the Sevastopol shipyard as a design engineer.
Wilhelmina E. des Fontaines after October 1917, remained in Russia. Her fate we only know that she married and had a daughter Faith, who for many years lived in the family of his aunt — Dagmar Eduardovna Ivanova. In 1990, Vera Khabacheva together with his daughter Anna and granddaughter Olga went to Germany. Ivanov received the last news about it in 1992.                                                 

The Edmund A. des of Fontanes had six children. His wife, Esther Schmidt from the family of the Arkhangelsk merchants. In 1993, historians of the genus, wrote: "Two of the younger son of Edmund A. and Esther des Fontaines – Franz and George in 1919 was brutally shot by the Bolsheviks in Vologda". The name "son of the industrialist," George des-Fontaines – 30 Arkhangelsk, were shot for "counter-revolution and espionage" by order of the Arkhangelsk gubcheka from 02.11.1920.
Alexander Edmundovich des Fontaines after the Second world war he lived in Geneva. He had two daughters of Ernestine-Tamara (1893 -?) and Esther Olga (1895 -?).
Edmund Edmundovich des Fontaines: "... after the Second World war in occupied Belgium some post in the Organization for aid to refugees at the United Nations". In the "Northern lineage" States: "Edmund Edmundovich des Fontaines (31.07.1892 – ?) captain (1920) of the Russian armed forces on the Northern front. Evacuated to Finland."
Edmund Edmundovich des Fontaines untimely died 23 August Boscome (England). He was buried on 26 August in the city of Baremose (Burnemouth) (Hampshire. Southampton) on the banks of The English channel…
His companion, "permanent sentry", captain Vasily Orekhov (1896-1990 Brussels) wrote the obituary to the death of "the great Russian patriot and military public figure: "it is hard to believe that he is no longer among us.
For many years the whole life of the Russian colony in Belgium was connected with this wonderful man. There was no living undertaking, no good deed in which Edmund Edmundovich did not take part. The French surname, a descendant of the Huguenots, who had gone from religious persecution, first to Germany to the great elector, and then to Russia under Catherine II, who belonged to the ancient Huguenot religion, E. E. Was such a Russian person, which are rare among the most indigenous "Russians". His family is already two centuries ago settled in Arkhangelsk. there she developed a, founded the largest forestry deal, had own fleet and built genuine Palace. When the British occupied Archangel, the headquarters of Gen. Of Ironside (who truly became friends with him later) stood in the house of des Fontaines. E. E. he is a former student of Russian and foreign universities, the former pet of the magnificent St. Petersburg educational institutions "Annen-Schule", then warrant officer reserve officer of the armored car troops in the great war, took a warm interest in the struggle against Bolshevism. He was a member of the anti-Bolshevik uprising in Arkhangelsk, then, under the command of cap. I rank Chaplin, was involved in the coup, was then one of the aides-de-camp gen. Miller then commanded autorenewal part. But his activity particularly developed abroad. Long before the war, in Brussels, he founded Russian club and years to come ran them. When among disabled people in Belgium began, alas, the usual for emigration disorder, addressed to E. E., he assumed the chairmanship of the Union of disabled people had achieved a General consensus, established in the Union life and gave people with disabilities a number of key relationships or Dating. For many years he presided over the Union of the disabled and have left a blessed memory. he was elected an Honorary member of the Union. From the first days of the founding of the Russian national Association E. E. fully involved in his work. When 7 years ago the gene. Archangel was elected the first Chairman of the R. N. about., he naturally could not, because of their difficult and high position, to devote much time to our organization, and appointed E. E. as his Deputy. For the second year already E. E. was elected Chairman of the R. N. about. In fact, he laid the Foundation for our work, and since then all his thoughts have been connected with us. For 5 years he was then Vice-Chairman R. N. about., was elected its honorary member and at the I Congress of the R. N. about. was elected to the main Board, directing part of our external relations and a lively interest in every little detail of our lives. But it would be unfair to judge Edmund Edmund only in these cases. First of all, it was an extremely kind, responsive, cheerful person. The des Fontaines house was open to all. their kindness, hospitality, warmth have become a household name and was reminiscent of some old, long bygone times. For came and in the happy and difficult moments, there were always a kind word, a Hello and kindness. as it was not sometimes difficult for E. e-Chu, he kept everywhere and always optimism, smile, funny joke, from him there was some special joy of life. At all meetings, meetings, Lunches you can enjoy this nice relaxing piece. And it was not a pose. It was his nature! List the good deeds that he did is impossible, but how many of them he did really don't count... Really, it's hard to believe he's not with us! For Russian Belgium together with the gene. Hartmann went a whole era of prosperity of the Russian colony, but in its "decadence" E. E. remained the same: a strong spirit, irreconcilable to the abomination of the human, condemning apathy and inertia and always marching towards good and living things. I have before me his letter of 19 August, a true suicide: " difficult it is to work in emigration. One consolation that we are one of the few, living thing. Let's go on with it..." Edmund Edmundovich had lived and worked alone. With him always and everywhere, hand in hand, was walking his wife friend Nina. in 1918, he made his way through the Bolshevik hordes and found a young sister of mercy at the front. This meeting could serve as a plot for the novel. married to leave Rostov and then together. Love is stronger than death! and Nina proved it and will prove it. she was with her husband everywhere and always, in joy and in sorrow, breathed the same feelings, the same faith...Let her at least a small consolation will be our love for our dear friend, our common grief and our promise never to forget. He will be invisible to us in all our meetings and meals. Thank you, dear Edmund Edmundovich, for all you have done for us and for our common work! Sleep in peace and believe that love and friendship are stronger than death."
After the revolution, some des Fontaines remained in Russia. Thus there were children of Professor Anatoly Medvedev and Clara Fontaines, Boris and Helena with her parents in Odessa. Peter Fontaines and Faina Mudrowa stayed with the whites in Rostov-on-don.
Edith Fontaines and Mstislaw Rudnitzky remained with her sons Peter and Vladimir in Russia, Maria Fontaines and Carl Qualmann who was deaf, he moved to Hamburg, as well as Alice des Fontaines and William of PEC with their children Nora and Renata.
General William Edmund Ironside (1880 Edinburgh – 1959) arrived in Arkhangelsk from Dundee in the ship "Stephanie" in early November 1918 remembered about the first visit to the house of Fontaines: "the next morning, I with the Needham and I went ashore to see the commander in chief. We found him in a house on Trinity Avenue, owned by one of the major forest traders. These timber merchants were in the majority natives of the Germans, their massive houses, built of wood, were furnished with equally massive ugly furniture. They were well heated by a wood-fired oven. The house had electricity and running water with pipes insulated and buried deep in the ground so that frost could not damage them. The door to the house was guarded by a Caucasian cavalryman with a naked curve saber. On his chest I noticed a lot of awards, including at least four St. George's crosses. Trams passed by the house with a clang".
Numerous descendants of Abraham des Fontaines are also found in other families. So Fanny Fontaines in October 1882 marrying with Sagemuhlenbesitzer Adolf Solcom, whose sister Bertha was in the first marriage with his new brother-in-law Edward Fontaines. Adolf and Bertha Scholz were the children of Franz Scholz and Amalia Louise guernet. Adolf and Fanny had 5 children born: Adolf in 1883, March in 1885, Franz in 1887, Margarethe in 1891 and Fanny in 1893.


Johann Ancony d.F. (1751-1812) and Elisabeth von Roosen had at least two children:

1. ABRAHAM Ivanovich

2. CATHERINA Ivanovna

ABRAHAM m.  Anna Moiseevna Clafton;  Catherina m.  Anna’s brother Molsei Clafton Jr.Abraham and Anna’s children were: The Second Generation

1   EDUARD Abramovlch,  a partner of «Gribanoff,  Fontalnes and Co» His partner, Vladimir Gribanof f. m.  Eduard’s sister Anna (1.3) Eduard m.  Wilhelmine Dreessen, they had eight children.

1.2 ALEXANDER Abramovich (1839-1869) m.  Amalie (Amy) Scholtz (1846-July 1917), daughter of Franz Scholtz (July15,1814 -1886) and Amalie Luise Gernet  (April 1829-1894) They had two children.

1.3 ANNA m.  Vladimir Gribanoff co-owner of linen  factory in Krasavino,  near Vologda.   After his death Anna lived in St.Petrsburg on Angliskaya Naberzhnaya.  Her house inherited Edmund Konstantinovich Pilatzky /my grandfather HL/.  Anna had no children.

1.4. CAROLINA (Lina), b.1836, m. Director of a Boy’s Gymnazium in Archangel, Konstantine Bogdanovich (Got1ibovich) Pilatzky (b. in Fellin, Estonia,  1828 — d. 1913,  St Petresburg).They had 11 children,  the eldest,    Edmund, was my grandfather pBtf One of Konstantin’s sons, Arthur, m. Lucia Luehrs.

1.5. FANNY   m.  Ferdinand Egorovich Lindes,  they had 12 children, the eldest  ,  Ferdinand Ferdinandovich.was my grandfather/HL/; two of their sons. Eduard and Georg, m. sisters Luehrs — Agnes (Eggi) and Elsa .  Their <Youngest  , Peter,m.   Eugenia Stopp, daughter of Edmund Stopp and Bertha Friese,  sister of Eugenia Friese d.F. (see 1.1.8); HL lived with Ulis family in Hamburg after WWII.

1.6. JANNET m. (1) NN Scholtz, no children, and (2) Nikolai Bazhenov, professor of Navy School in Kronstadt; their only daughter, Anna, was an actress in «Alexandrinka», she died of starvaticn during WWII in Leningrad.

1.7. POLINA m.  NN Friedricysberg onc son, Alexander, and Army officer, lost one eye in WWI. His son in late 1970’s taught matematics in the University of Leningrad.

Eduard Abramovich and Wilhelmina d.F.  eight children were:

1.1.1 HERMANN m. Tony Paetz, flve children.

1.1.2 THEODOR m.  Julie Hansen, lived In Estonla, no children

1.1.3 EDUARD Eduardovlch m. (1) Bertha Scholtz, daughter of Franz Scholtz and Amalie Luise Gernet, from this m.  Eduard had one daughter, Bertha who after 1917 lived in Estonia, then in Hamburg and later in London; twice m.  she had one daughter, Helga Hold, who had one daughter,  Carmen,  who still lives in London.  Eduard second m.  was with Alice d.F., his cousin. They had six children. *)  (1) Schueler (2) Hold

1.1.4 FANNY (1859-1944,  in Gardone, Italy) m. Oct.1882 a businessman and owner of saw-mill in A., Adolph Franzovich Scholtz, the brother of Bertha, the first wife of Eduard Eduardovlch d.F. (1.1.3) Fanny and Adolph Scholtz had five children, among them AdolphJr (Adya),  Margaretha (Margunia) and Fanny. HL had seen last Adolph Jr In 1937 in Leningrad.  Fanny, who had one daughter in Bristol, and Margareta died in Italy. *)Also Franz and Dagmar (?)

1.1.5 DAGMARA m. Alfred Pilatzky, brother of Edmund, HL’s grandfather. they had five daughters. Eugenia, m. to NN, one son, lived in Finnland and later in Marocco. Maria, deaf-and-dumb, returned to Leningrad from Finnland in late 1920’s, the other three, the deaf-and dumb Olga; Lena and Edith, came back from Finnland in mid- 20’s. They all lived with their father in the same apartment as HL. Dagmara died young of TB.

1.1.6  EDITH m. Mstislav Rudnitzky, three children, lived in Dnepropetrovsk.

1.1.7  CLARA m. Anatolyi Medvedev, a professor of the University of Odessa, three children

1.1.8 PETER m. (1)Anna Alekseevna NN, no children; (2) Evegnia Nikolaevna Friese,  five children, this family lived in Leningrad.

Alexander and Amalie (Scholtz) d.F.   had two children:

1.2.1 EDMUND (May 22,  1896 -May 1938) m.  Esther Schmidt, five children

1.2.2 ALICE m.  her cousin Eduard (1.1.3),  six children Hermann (1.1.1)and Tony Karlovna(Peatz) d.F. had nifan chlldren, all remalned in Russia.  ALEXANDER m.  Serafima Popoff, one daughter  Tamara d.F.  OLGA m.(1) Dr. Popoff,  one daughter; (2) Grlgori Karyapin, no chlldren  HERMANN Jr, dled of TB, one daughter Margaretha  GEORG  m. NN  VLADIMIR was deaf-and-dumb.

Eduard d.F. (1.1.3) and his second wife Alice d.F. (1.2.2) had six chlldren,  ALICE m. Wilhelm Peats (Dec24.   1866 -April  1928 In Hamburg) «They had two daughters Nora m.  Walter Cladt,  chlldren:Gisela and Arno. In late 1940’s their family emigrated From Hamburg to Brazil. Renate who dled in the early 1980’s in «CTeavTand, Ohio;  she had one son Heino  DAGMARA m.  Mlckael  Ivanov,  one daughter WILHELMINE m.  Nikolai NN, one daughter Vera  MARIA deaf-and-dumb, m. Karl Qualmann, also deaf-and-dumb, they llved in Hamburg PETER, deaf-and-dumb, m(1) Faima Mudrova, one son George m.  (2) Anastasia Durmanov, also deaf-and-dumb, two daughters Alice Irene one daughter Ludmila, who has a daughter Rita. Peterd.F.  and all his family  lived In Rostov- on -the-Don  ALEXANDER Eduardovich (Sasha) m.  (1) Lucie Paetz. Sister of Wilhelm Peatz, husband of Alexander’s sister Alice ( two daughters Asta Erica both remained in Russia Ust-Kamenogorsk  

m.(2) Galina Sokolina widow of   NN Paetz who was executed by the Reds, Galina from first m. had a daughter Rita.  Alexander and Galina had one daughter  Tamara m. (1) NN (2) David Burns, two daughters Nina Since 1950 the family lives in Tanya Melbourne Australia

Peter (1.1.8) d.F., the youngest son of Eduard Abramovich, and Peters second wlfe Evegenia Nlkolaevna Friese had fife chlldren. All family lived in Russia, mostly in Leningrad.  EUGENYI  (Dina) m.  Nataliya NN, was executed in 1938, two chlldren Dagmara, married NN,  two (?) chlldren, two grandchi1dren Eugenyi Jr, m. NN, children and grandchildren  NIKOLAI (Kotya) m. NN, two sons, granchildren, lives in North Ural  HELEN (Lesya) m. Lev Andreevich Masing, no children  ANATOLII (Tosya) m(1) Lena Kulikov, his cousin twice retnoved, no children, divorced m.(2) NN, two sons, grandchildren VLADIMIR (Vosya) m. NN, children

Edmund d.F. and Esther Schmidt had two children  EDMUND Jr. (b. 1892) m. Nina Werbovskaya, two sons Boris Eduard (b.1919) m. Francis Philips, five children Christina Sandra Tamara Anna Micheal Peter Nina. After the Revolution this familie lived in Brussel Alexander Edmund, lived in Genf  Ernestine Tamara (b. 1893) m.  Alexander Clafton, lived in England, five children  Esther Olga (1895) m. Karl Peter Kurt Maage, two children, this family lived in Danmark  Franz (b.   1896) executed May 1918 in Vologda  Georg Peter (1890) executed in 1919 in Vologda

Front row:
1\ Anna Moiseevna des Fontaines (nee. Clafton) is the mother of all adult children (1810-1863).
2\ on her knees the girl in the hat Anna Bertha Pilecka (in marriage PEC).
3\ the boy in the striped jacket Alfred K. Pilatzke (? – 1830), physician of the military Academy in meditsinskoi SP\b.
4\ the boy with the hat in his hand – Edmund K. Pilatzke (1857-1935).
5\ Anna Abramovna Gribanova (Russian. Des Fontaines ( ? - 1906).
6\ Caroline Abramovna Pilecka (ur. des Fontaines), great-grandmother of Harald and Andrei Lindelow (1836-1886).
7\ In the hands of the Carolina Abramovna – Anna Vilgelmovna (marriage Shergold).
Second row:
1\ Zhanetta Abramovna Bazhenova (ur. des Fontaines).
2\ Fanny Abramovna Lindes (Tr. des Fontaines) – second great-grandmother of Harald and Andrew.
3\ Polina Abramovna Friedrichsberg (b.  des Fontaines).
4\ Edward Friedrichsberg.


FONTANESI (de Fontaine, Deffontaines) — a famous merchant dynasty in the Russian North. According to family legend, being born from Guillaume (William) de Fontaine, a member of the crusade in 1096. His descendants are mentioned among the French nobles. During the reformation, many members of the genus went under the banner of Huguenots. In Catholic France, they were subjected to persecution. The Fontaines emigrated to America, Prussia. In 1696 in the Netherlands arrived Pierre des Fontaines. One of the Dutch Fountains — Johann Anton (1757-1805) in 1787 settled in Arkhangelsk.
The I generation.
1. Ivan Petrovich (Johann Anton) des Fontaines. (may 1757, Oosterhout, the Netherlands — 1805, Arkhangelsk), the merchant of the 2nd Guild. From 1787 he lived in Arkhangelsk. At first he served as a clerk here, in 1797 he was a stockbroker, then engaged in Commerce, built a shipyard, then a sugar factory.
01. J. Elizabeth Hall, nee. Rosen (1762, Denmark — 1823, Arkhangelsk). Married in 1784 in Amsterdam. Children: Sophia, Elizabeth, Anna, Mary, Abram, Ekaterina2.
II generation.
2. Abram I. des Fontaines. (26.08.1802, Arkhangelsk-24.09.1873,
Arkhangelsk), Arkhangelsk merchant 1-St Guild, hereditary honorable citizen of Arkhangelsk, commercial Advisor, mayor (1853-1859). In 1830 he signed up in Arkhangelsk
merchant, 3rd Guild, and engaged in trade in the firm "Gribanov, Lurs and K0". In 1831, he accepted Russian citizenship. He worked as a clerk in the trading house of Franz Scholz and Felix Clarke3, then as a forwarder of foreign ships. In 1852 he joined the merchants of the 1st Guild, established trade relations with foreign merchants and engaged in Commerce. In the same year, traded under the firm "Gribanov, Fontaines and K0"4. In the 60-ies of XIX century was Oldenburg Consul in Arkhangelsk. In Arkhangelsk, he belonged to the house Specific office, then passed to his son E. A. des Fontaines.
Abram Ivanovich has left an appreciable trace in the history of the city. For many years he headed the Board of the Arkhangelsk state Bank, six years held the post of mayor (1853-1859). In 1856 he met Emperor Alexander II, who arrived in Arkhangelsk. At different times, he was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Evangelical school, the Mariinsky women's gymnasium and the orphanage. He was the owner of a sugar factory, a former home of a Specific office, timber and shipping companies. For meritorious social activities, Fontanes received a number of awards: gold medals at the An-nenshi, Vladimir, St. Andrew's, Alexander the tapes, he had the order of St. Stanislaus 2nd and 3rd degrees, St. Anna 3rd degree, etc.
2. J. Anna M., nee. Clafton (7.06.1810-26.09.1873).
3. Catherine Ivanovna des Fontanes. M. Moses Moiseevich Clapton.
III generation
4. Eduard Abramovich des Fontaines. (31.07.1830, Arkhangelsk -15.08.1901, Peterhof), merchant of the 1st Guild, mayor (1868-1871), hereditary honorary citizen of Arkhangelsk (1898) 5, honorary patron of the Arkhangelsk Evangelical parish, member of the Statistical Committee (1871). Graduated from Arkhangelsk Evangelical College. He was engaged in extensive trade activity and manufactory. Was co-owner of the company "Gribanov, Fontaines and K°", owner of the trading house "E. A. des Fontaines". In 1869-1871 he was the Director of the Trustee society about prisons in Arkhangelsk. He was a member of various committees: Committee of trade and manufactures (1873), accounting and loan Committee at the Arkhangelsk branch of the state Bank (1872), Committee on food of the inhabitants of the Arkhangelsk region, Committee of the public library; member of various presences and Trustee: Arkhangelsk mouth of the prisoner, children's shelters, member of the Board of the Mariinsky gymnasium, the society of aid to poor students; and a city Councilor (1870-1893); German and Danish Consul in Arkhangelsk. In 1877, he took a leading place in the marriage supervision Committee. 6.
Awarded the order of St. Stanislav 2 nd degree (1870) and St Anne 2 nd degree (1881), the Danish order of Dannebrog 2nd degree, St. Vladimir 4-th degree (1890). He died in Peterhof, and was buried in Arkhangelsk.
J. Wilhelmina-Marguerite Petrovna (b. Drezen, Dressen). (3.04.1839-30.01.1894), Married in 1857 7
5. Anna Abramovna des Fontaines. (1831-1907).
M. V. I. Gribanov, companion of her father and brothers. Gribanov Vladimir Ilyich and Anna Abramovna first lived in Arkhangelsk. In the end of XIX century he moved to St. Petersburg. First lived on the embankment of Vasilyevsky island and then on the promenade des Anglais, 66. They had no children. Vladimir Ilyich died suddenly and was buried in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
7. Edmund Abramovic des Fontanes. (05.1834-1860).
8. Carolina Abramovna des Fontanes. (17.06.1836-1886).
M. Constantine Bogdanovich Pilecki (11.10.1828-12.12.1918), actual state Councilor, Director of the Arkhangelsk gymnasium. Native of Courland, a graduate of the University of St. George.
8. Alexander Abramovich des Fontaines (18.05.1839, Arkhangelsk — 22.07.1896, Arkhangelsk).
08. Amalia J. Luiza Frantsevna Scholz (1844-5.06.1917), daughter of Arkhangelsk lumberman Franz Scholz, and Amalia Louise, nee. Guernet.
9. Theodore Abramovich des Fontaines (03.1841-?).
10. Emilia Abramovna des Fontaines (09.1842-1847).
11. Fanny-Elizabeth Abramovna des fonteynes (24.11.1844-20.06.1916, Arkhangelsk).
011. M. Ferdinand (Fedor) Egorovich Lindes (24.03.1841, Arkhangelsk — 2.08.1900, Petersburg, buried in Arkhangelsk), businessman and Arkhangelsk entrepreneur. His grandfather, a Lutheran pastor Johann Lindes, came from Hamburg to Arkhangelsk in 1783 From Ferdinand and Fanny were born 12 children.
12. Polina (Paulina) Abramovna des Fontaines (01.1847-?).
12. M. Fridrikhsberg mathematics teacher, Arkhangelsk school. Got married in Arkhangelsk, then went to Kronstadt. They had a son.
13. Jeanette Abramovna des Fontaines (06.1848-?). He was widowed, children 1 husband had.
13. M. 1st-Franz Johann Frantsevich Scholz (5.10.1842-27.01.1875, San Remo).
012. M. 2nd- Nikolai Nikolaevich Bazhenov, a teacher of Russian language and literature in Kronstadt. They had one daughter, Anna.
IV generation
14. Herman Edmund E. des Fontaines (27.08.1858-3.09.1899, Arkhangelsk).
15. J. Tony Karlovna, nee. PEC (1859 -?)
16. Fanny Clara E. des Fontaines (6.01.1860-1944, Italy). After the revolution she lived in the Baltic States, then in Italy.
015. M. Adolf-Bernhard Frantsevich Scholz (07.1856-10.06.1918), Arkhangelsk timber industry. They had 5 children.
16. Edward-William E. des Fontaines (3.11.1861-30.04.1908,Arkhangelsk), Arkhangelsk merchant, the founder of the trading house "E. des Fontaines" for business enterprises (1890)8. In the beginning of XX century performed the duties of a civil assessor in the order of public charity.
016. J. 1-I-Bertha, nooo. Scholz (9.12.1869, Arkhangelsk -18.12.1886). Their daughter Bertha.
016. J. 2-I — Alice A. des Fontaines (1867-11.10.1913), cousin. They had 7 children: two were born deaf and dumb. Children: Alice, Alexander.
17. Pyotr Eduardovich des Fontanes (26.10.1863, Arkhangelsk -?), engineer. Was born in Arkhangelsk. Then lived in St. Petersburg.
017. J. 1-I-Anna Alexeevna. The marriage was a failure. They divorced. Peter E. went to her brother Fedor Eduardovich in Vienna. He was given documents in the name of Peter Tines, citing the fact that in the Soviet Union, "all des and backgrounds canceled." In Vienna Peter E. married a second time.
17. J. 2-I — Jenny (Evgenia) Nikolaevna, nee. Frieze. However, the marriage was not recognized by the Church (the first wife was Orthodox). Only after the February revolution the children were recorded in the name of Peter E., and before that they were listed as children of Theodore E. (of memories). Peter E. and Jenny Nikolaevna had four sons and one daughter.
18. Fedor (Theodore) E. des Fontaines (28.02.1865-?).
19. J. Julia Hansen (1867-?). Lived in Reval. They had no children.

20. Dagmara E. des Fontaines (7.12.1866-?).
21. M. Alfred K. Pilatzke, Professor of the Leningrad military medical Academy. They had five daughters. Youngest daughter is a Professor at the Pedagogical Institute named after Herzen (died in the siege).
22. Clara E. des Fontaines (12.03.1873-?).
23. M. Anatoly Konstantinovich Medvedev (1863 -?). Married in St. Petersburg (9.04.1894). Lived in Odessa.
24. Edith E. des Fontaines (1879-?).
25. M. M. Rudnicki. Lived in Dnepropetrovsk.

26. Edmund Aleksandrovich des Fontaines (22.05.1866, Arkhangelsk -5.10.1938, Brussels), hereditary honorary citizen. In 1890, established a trading house in Arkhangelsk together with Edward E. for commercial and industrial enterprises 9. In 1908, after the death of Eduard Eduardovich trading house came under his jurisdiction. The trading house had river steamships and a large sawmill, conducted exclusively foreign trade. In 1912, the timber was sent to England, France, Belgium, Holland and Australia. In 1913, exports to these countries were significantly increased 10.
022. J. 1-I — Esther Elizabeth, born. Schmidt.
22. J. 2-I-Alice Alexandrovna.
23. Alice Amalie A. des Fontaines (1867-12.10.1913), a member of the Charity at the hospital of the Arkhangelsk Order of public charity, a member of the society of lovers of music, member of the Arkhangelsk society of infant mortality (Drop of milk) 11.
24 M. Eduard des Fontaines (3.11.1861-30.04.1908, Arkhangelsk), her cousin.
V generation
24. Alexander Germanovich des Fontaines (1866-?)
25. Zh. Serafima Fedorovna Popova.
26. Olga Germanovna des Fontaines (13.12.1887-late 1960s).
27. M. Fedor Evgenyevich Popov.
28. Nina Germanovna des Fontaines (2.08.1889-?).
29. German Germanovich des Fontaines (3.05.1891-29.05.1911, Arkhangelsk).
30. George Germanovich des Fontaines (19.09.1892-?). He was arrested for the first time in 1937, again in 1941 and died in Ukhtpechlag.
028. J. Alexander I. Loginova (29.03.1891-5.06.1963).
29. Vladimir Germanovich des Fontaines (5.04.1899-?).
29. Ksenia J. P. Olszewski (1897-?). Married in 1919.
30. Bertha E. des Fontaines (17.12.1886-?). After the revolution she lived in Tallinn. Then she went to Hamburg, after world war II — to England. Her daughter Carmen lives in England.
030. M. 1st — Carl-Alexander-Leonard fridrikhovich the Cholera (14.08.1881, Dorpat — ?). Married in 1907 (August 18).
30. M. 2nd-Hold.
31. Alice Bertha E. des Fontaines (4.05.1889-? Cleveland, Ohio, USA).
031. M. Wilhelm Rudolfovich PEC (24.12.1885-18.04.1929). Married in 1909, After the revolution, lived in Hamburg. In 1950, after her husband's death, she emigrated to Australia, from there to Canada, and then to Cleveland, Ohio, USA, to her daughter Renate. Children: Lucia, Nora (went to Brazil), Renata (went to the USA).
32. Alexander E. des Fontaines (2.05.1896-?). After the revolution remained in Arkhangelsk, but was forced to leave to Rostov-on-don, where he lived with his family before the occupation of the city by the Germans. The Germans moved the whole family to Vinnitsa. From there, they last military winter came to Hamburg. There and settled. However, and from Hamburg had to emigrate to Australia. Daughter from his first marriage remained in Arkhangelsk. Then one of them ended up in Kazakhstan. She has children who wear the name of Fontaines.
032. J. 1-I — Lucius, R. PEC (18.09.1892-07.1924, Velikiy Ustyug), died after giving birth.
32. J. 2-I-Galina sokolina. Moved to Rostov-on-don.
33. Maria Amalia E. des Fontaines (2.07.1897-?).
34. M. Carl Kalman.
35. Edward-Peter E. des Fontaines (8.05.1899-?).
36. J. Faina Mudrova. Children: Alice, George.
37. Preciosa Amalie E. des Fontaines (21.12.1902-7.04.1906).
38. Edmund Edmundovich des Fontanes. live in Belgium. The race continues in Belgium, England and Australia.
39. Franz Edmundovich des Fontaines. In 1918 he was shot by the Bolsheviks in Vologda.
40. George Edmundovich des Fontaines. In 1918 he was shot by the Bolsheviks in Vologda.
41. Alexander Edmundovich des Fontanes. He lived in Geneva.
VI generation
40. Evgeniya Georgievna des Fontaines (5.01.1917-10.10.1987).
41. Ariadne G. des Fontanes.
42. Eric A. des Fontaines (20.01.1920 and Arkhangelsk?).
43. ASTA A. des Fontaines (24.06.1924, Great Ustyug — 2001, Arkhangelsk). Never married. She taught Russian language and literature at school.
44. Tamara des Fontaines (30.01.1930, Arkhangelsk).
In VI generation there are still representatives. Their descendants are still alive.

1. AGV. October 3, 1873.
2. Ibid; GAAO. F. 49. Op. 4. D. 15. L. 164-165.
3. Ibid. F. 4. Op. 3. D. 791. L. 35.
4. Ibid. F. 37. On. 1. D. 864. L. 2.
5. Ibid. F. l.On. 8.D. 2116. L. 108.
6. Trofimov, P. M., Essays in economic development European North of Russia. M., 1961. Page 214.
7. Ibid. F. 50. On. 1. D. 151. L. 37.
8 ibid. D. 902. L. 59-62.
9 Ibid. L. 275
10. Trade house E. des-Fontaines // Domestic archives. 2002.  No. 6.
11. GAAO. F. 1. Op. 7. D. 268. L. 467a.

Sven-Erik Fischer.



Fur Schulz, Kruger, Schmidt, Alpen, Lindes, des Fontaines, Paetz, Clafton, Outzen ,Brown, van Dyk, van Nimwegen, Gernet, van Brienen, de st.Valery.

Die Familie des Fontaines ist jedoch noch um vieles alter.

Die Nebelschwaden der Geschichte heben sich uber dem ersten de Fontaines bereits im Hochmittelalter. Es ist die Zeit groBer Umwalzungen. Die Kirche spielt hierbei eine zentrale Rolle. Als wichtige Eckdaten sind das endgultige Kirchenschisma 1054, welches die Teilung in westliche und ostliche Kirche besiegelt, der Gang nach Canossa, der den Investiturstreit 1077 beendet und damit die Einsetzung der Bischofe als Recht des Papstes verbrieft und der erste Kreuzzug  zu  nennen.

Hier taucht mit Guillaume de Fontaines der erste Trager seines Namens unter den Teilnehmern auf.

Man glaubt, dass die Herren mit Namen de Fontaines einem Zweig der Grafen von Abbeville entsprungen sind und als ihr Erbe die Gemeinde Fontaines-sur-Somme erhielten, von der sie ihren Namen haben. Das Haus der Grafen von Abbeville wiederum soll dem der Grafen von Ponthieu entstammen.

Guillaume war einer der zwischen 60.000 und 100.000 Bewaffneten, die sich mit der ersten Welle des Kreuzfahrerheeres in Konstantinopel  sammelte. Erstes Ziel der Kreuzfahrer auf ihrem Weg ins heilige Land war Nikaa, damals Hauptstadt der seldschukischen Turken, das etwa 60km Luftlinie sudostlich von Konstantinopel am Askansee lag. In Mai und Juni 1097 ruckte das groBe Kreuzfahrerheer auf Nikaa vor und begann die Stadt einzuschlieBen, wahrend der Seldschukensultan Kilidsch Arslan I sich an seiner Ostgrenze befand. Guillaume gehorte wahrscheinlich zu den Truppen des Robert von Flandern.  Fontaines-sur-Somme war zu dieser Zeit Teil der Grafschaft Flandern und kam erst viel spater zu Frankreich. Beim Versuch des Sultans die Stadt zu entsetzen kam es zur ersten groBen Schlacht des Kreuzzuges. Die Turken wurden vernichtend geschlagen, da sie die Truppen der Kreuzfahrer in Zahl und Starke unterschatzt hatten. Auch bei den Kreuzfahrern gab es viele Tote und unzahlige Verletzte, aber Nikaa wurde schliesslich genommen. Guillaume de Fontaines erhielt nach dieser Schlacht fur seine Leistungen das Wappen verliehen, das ihr auf der Titelseite links abgebildet seht und welches auch in Versailles im Saal der Kreuzziige hangt.

Spatere Linien variierten das Wappen oder bildeten fur ihre Unterfamilien ganz eigene. Der erste Kreuzzug endete erfolgreich mit der Eroberung Jerusalems und der Bildung der drei Kreuzfahrerstaaten; des Konigreichs Jerusalem, des Furstentums Antiochia und der Grafschaft Edessa. Guillaume wird noch im Jahre 1119 als lebend genannt.

Standig bedroht sind hingegen die Kreuzfahrarstaaten.  Weitere Kreuzzuge werden ausgerustet  – wieder ist ein de Fontaines beteiligt: Aleaume de Fontaine wird sogar einer der Fuhrer der franzosischen Gruppe des dritten Kreuzzuges. Bevor Aleaume  das Kreuz nimmt, war er der zweite Burgermeister in der Geschichte  der Stadt Abbeville,  wo noch heute sein Wappen im Rathaus  zu  sehen ist.  Er  folgt seinem Konig 1191 ins heilige Land und stirbt   im Jahre  1205 im Nahen Osten;   die von ihm gewomen Reliquien  stiftet seine Frau, Lorette des Saint-Valery am 4.8.1206 der Kirche  von Longpre.   Der Ort nennt  sich seither auch Longpre-les-Corps-Saints .

Lorettes  Vater,   Bernard  III  de Saint-Valery & Gamaches  hatte  seine Besitzungen in der Nahe am Meer. Aleaumes Sohm Hugues de Fontaines war mit Enor de Bailleul verheiratet.  Den Ort Bailleul  gibt  es gleich zweimal  in der Region,  wobei  jener  bei Fontaine-sur-Somme wahrscheinlich eher  als Herkunftsort  in Frage kommt.   Die  Familie Bailleul  hat ebenso wie die Famlie de Fontaines Verbindungen  uber den naheliegenden englischen К anal und brackte mit  John Bailliol sogar einen schottischen Konig und den Grunder des Bailliol-College  in Oxford  hervor.

Nach Hugues de Fontaines  beginnt sich die Famllie zu verzweigen und eine  dieser vielen Linien mundet  schliesslich bei  den  ersten des  Fontaines, die eindeutig uaserer Linie zuzuordnen sind,   den Bruder Louis und Pierre des Fontaines, die im April 1695, bzw. ein Jahr spatter aus dem Ort bzw. canton(Bezirk\Kreis) Houdain in Nordfrankreich in die Niederlande fliehen.

Es ist die Zeit der Glaubensverfolgungen in Frankreich. Nachdem die franzosichen Protestanten  nach der Verkundung des Edikt von Nantes (1598) einige Zeit unbehelligt ihre Religion ausuben konnten, begannen nach dessen Aufhebung (1685) die Repressalien gegen die Hugenotten, die in Burgerkrieg und Massenflucht mundeten.

In diese wirre Zeit fallt auch die Lucke, die endgultig zu schliessen mir  bisher  nicht  gelungen  ist. In der Aufgebotseintragung vom Pierre des Fontaines und Elisabeth Rollet fur den 23. Februar 1698 findet sich nach Auskunft des Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie in Den Haag als Herkunftsbezeichnung nur “uit Frankrijk” .

Woher stammt Pierre des Fontaines?

Manches deutet daraufhin, dass  seine Vorfahrenschaft auf Nicolas, genannt Comte (Graf) de Fontaines. Ritter, Herr von Neuville-au-Bois, Bernes, Wiry, Vron & Hermancourt, Cormont, la Tour, Businghen, l’Escaut und Offertun, geboren 1660, zuruckgeht. Nicolas de Fontaines war Hauptmann der protestantischen Kavallerie im Regiment von Cayeu. Er erhalt am 21 Oktober 1684 den Befehl uber das sich zuruckziehende Regiment von M.le Dauphin und wurde schliesslich Major des Regiments von Bethune, dann des Kavallerieregiments von Chatelet und diente in dieser Position in der von Marschall de Catinat befehligten Armee in Piemont 1691, wurde 1692 Oberstleutnant und fuhrte schliesslich ein Kavallerieregiment seines Namens.

Nicolas de Fontaines hatte 8 Kinder. Das zweite ist Georges-Marie, genannt der Ritter (chevalier) de Fontaines, Kornett im Regiment seines Vaters, schliesslich Oberleutnant. Uber Georges-Marie de Fontaines wird angegeben, dass er als Jungeselle bei  der Belagerung von Lille gefallen sei.

Auch seine Bruder Jean-Charles de Fontaines (+ 10.11.1737) und Rene de Fonatines sollen keine Nachkommen gehabt haben, so dass die Linie der Familie de Fontaines, des Zweiges der Herren von Neuville-au-Bois in dieser fur uns so interessanten Phase einfach aufhort, nachdem sie sich mit Wautier de Fontaines vor 1273 als alteste Linie aus dem Hause de Fontaines entwickelt hatte.

Kein Wort von Louis und Pierre des Fontaines.  Nur eine zufallige Namensgleichheit ? Der Name de(s) Fontaines kam noch haufiger in Frankreich vor. Fur die Zugehorigkeit zur oben beschriebenen Familie de Fontaines aus der Picardie sprechen jedoch einige Indizien:

1. Die geografische Situation.

In mehreren Quellen wird als Herkunft von Louis und Pierre Houdan/Houdain und Bethune angegeben. In einer Quelle ist hier von Houdan/Ile-de-France die Rede, wobei  es  sich wahrscheinlich um einen Fehler handelt, da keine Familie mit dem Namen de(s) Fontaine(s) in dieser Region ansassig war. Wahrscheinlich ist hier der canton Houdain gemeint, in welchem auch die Stadt Bethune liegt, bzw.  der dort liegende Ort Houdain. Hinzu kommt, dass Bethune und Umgebung wahrend des Spanischen Erbfolgekrieges (1700-1714)  in den Jahren 1710-1713 von den Niederlandern besetzt war, einen Grenzubertritt bzw. einen Umzug in das protestantische Hinterland wahrend des Burgerkrieges begunstigt hatte. Die Familie de Fontaines en Picardie ist die einzige mir bekannte Familie diesen Namens, die in dieser grenznahen Region ansassig war.  Alle anderen Familien dieses Namens stammen aus der  Normandie oder Sudfrankreich.

2.  Die Konfession.

Die Familie de Fontaines, des  Zweiges  der Herren von Neuville-au-Bois   ist  die einzige,   von der sich ein hugenottischer Glauben und eine Teilnahme an den Kriegshandlungen auf   reformierter Seite annehmen  lasst.

3. Der Titel.

In einer Quelle ist vom Titel der Familie, die sich in eine altere Linie, die nach England flieht und dort ausstirbt, und eine jungere, die nach Holland flieht, gliedert, die Rede. Der Titel wird mit Comte und Vicomte des Fontaines, Baron de Bethune bezeichnet. Interessanterweise ist Nicolas de Fontaines der einzige Trager seines Namens, der den Titel “Comte de Fontaines” fuhrt. Zudem war er Major im Regiment de Bethune.

4. Die Abstammung und Legende.

Die Familienlegende will von einer Abstammung der des Fontaines von den Prinzen von Paris wissen. Frl. Martha Hansen – eine Kapazitat was die Verbindungen der Familien von Archangelsk untereinander und in die Vergangenheit angeht – hat meiner Grossmutter diese Geschichte fruher haufig und eindringlich erzahlt. Nur bei der Familie de Fontaines (Picardie) ist auch diese Bedingung erfullt:  Die Ehefrau von Aleaume de Fontaines, des direkten Vorfahrens von Wautier de Fontaines, Lorette de Saint-Valery, entstammt direkt einer Jungeren Linie des f ranzosischen Konigshauses, die auch zeitweise den Titel der Prinzen von Paris fuhrte.  Alles in allem noch kein Beweis, aber eigentlich schon zu viele Indizien, als daB ein Zufall wahrscheinlich ware. Vielleicht ergibt die Suche nach den Vorfahren der ausgestorbenen Linie in England ja den neben diesen vielen Hinweisen noch fehlenden Beweis.   So ist es mir dann viellelcht in einer spateren Ausgabe moglich noch den ausserst umfangreichen Stammbaum der de Fontaines bis zum Jahre 1096 und den der mit ihr verbundenen Familien des Mittelalters nachzuliefern.

Zuruck zu den uns bekannfen direkten Vorfahren: Uber die Zeit in den Niederlanden wissen wir relativ wenig. Neben Louis und Pierre kommen noch zahlreiche andere Trager des Namens de(s) Fontaines aus Frankreich. Pierre heiratet am 23.2.1698 in der wallonischen Kirche in Den Haag Elisabeth Rollet, uber deren Herkunft wir nichts wissen. 1707/8 zieht die Familie nach Herzogenbusch, wo Pierre zum Leiter der Schule ernannt wird. Spater wird er Vorleser der hugenottischen Kirche in Holland.

Das vierte von elf Kindern, Abraham des Fontaines, wird noch in den Haag geboren. Er heiratet in Herzogenbusch Sibylle-Hendrine van Nimwegen und wird spater Nachfolger des Vaters als Schulvorsteher.

Sohn Pierre-Jean des Fontaines wird ebenfalls in Herzogenbusch getauft. Er heiratet die hollanderin Hendrieke (Hildegonde) van Dijk und zieht mit ihr nach Oosterhout, in der Nahe von Herzogenbusch.

Der Sohn Johan-Antony des Fontaines kommt noch in Oosterhout zur Welt, wahrend seine Schwestern bereits in Amsterdam getauft werden. Johan-Antony war mit Elisabeth Roosen verheiratet. Wo die Hochzeit stattfand ist unklar. Wahrend eine Quelle Amsterdam angibt, spricht vieles fur Archangelsk. Johan-Antony ist erstmals im Archangeler Einwohnerbaeh fur die Jahre 1789-91 als Ivan Petrowitsch des Fontaines. 32, hollandischer Nationalitat, genannt. Mit ihm wird seine Schwester Marie-Anne des Fontaines, 21, und seine Frau aufgefuhrt. In dieser Quelle wird sie mit dem Namen Aleta, Tochter von Jeremiah und Witwe des verstorbenen Arztes Wassiliy Halle, bezeichnet. Im Einwohnerbuch fur die Jahre 1793-96 als Helene, Herman Roosens Tochter, 32, geburtig aus Altona, danischer Nationalitat, ehemalige Frau des englischen Arztes Halle.

Eine Trauung in Archangelsk ist wahrscheinlich, da die Familie Roosen dort ebenso ansassig war, wie es der erste Mann von Elisabeth Roosen gewesen zu sein schien. Herman Roosen war das alteste von 7 Kindern von Paul Roosen und Jannecke Mirbecks aus Altona, die 1731 zunachst nach St.Petersburg, dann weiter nach Archangelsk auswanderten. Wahrend Herman 1725 noch in Altona geboren und eben dort 1742 getauft wurde, sind seine 3 jungsten Geschwister schon in Archangelsk zur Welt gekommen.

Auf die Geschichte der Familie Roosen werde ich, urn den Rahmen hier nicht zu sprengen, in einer der nachsten Ausgaben eingehen.

Johan-Antony tritt zunachst in die Firma Kelly & Co. ein, arbeitet dann als Kaufmann und Makler, bevor er selbst spater eine Schiffswerft am Fluss Maimaxa an der unteren Dvina und eine Zuckerfabrik errichtet.

Ihr Sohn Abraham des Fontaines nimmt schliesslich die russische Staatsburgerschaft an und ist lange Jahre Burgermeister der Stadt Archangelsk.

Abraham war mit der Englanderin Anna Clafton verheiratet. Er grundet 1833 das Grosshandelsgeschaft “Abraham des Fontaines & Luhrs”,   das 1838 in “Gribanoff,   Fontaines & Luhrs”  umbenannt wurde und schliesslich ab 1849 als “Gribanoff,   Fontaines & Co.” firmierte. Wie erfolgreich die Firma war, belegt zum Beispiel die Zahl der Schiffsabfertigungen 1844: G.F & L  fertigten in diesem Jahr 96 Schiffe ab, Marktfuhrer Wilhelm Brandt & Sonne 107, die britischen Firmen Clarke, Morgan & Co. 79, Hill & Co. 32 und Gladstone & Whitehead 22.

Schliesslich bewarb er sich am 9.1.1846 als oldenburgischer Konsul in Archangelsk und wurde an 19.2.1846 auch ernannt. Wie aus seinem – nachfolgend als Auszug abgebildeten – Ersuchen hervorgeht, war “seit dem Ableben des letzten grossherzoglich oldenburgischen Consuls fur den hiesigen Hafen -Jacob Rodde’s- (.) das Consulat unbesetzt geblieben”. Abraham fuhrt anschliessend die engen Verbindungen zwischen Archangel und den Hafen der Nordsee und die Zahl der von Gribanoff, Fontaines & Luhrs abgefertigten oldenburgischen Schiffe als Argument  fur ein Wiederaufleben des Konsulats an. ” Bei der ganzlichen Unbekanntschaft der Capitaine mit der russischen Sprache und den mancherlei  in dem Hafen und im hiesigen Zoll zu beobachtenden Formalitaten” empfehlen sich eine ortskundige Vertretung des Grossherzogstums, um der Schifffahrt   ”unangenehme Verhandlungen mit den hiesigen Behorden (und) so leicht unnotigen Aufenthalt und Unkosten”  zu ersparen. In Verlauf des Schreibens nennt Abraham auch seine Referenzen; namlich dass: “Der  grossherzogliche Consul in St.Petersburg, Herr Blessig,   Herr Johannes Tidemann  in Bremen, die Herren D’Arriper & Co.   in Amsterdam und die Herren W.R.Robinson & Co.   in London befriedigende Ausktinfte geben wtirden”.  Abraham selbst bezeichnent sich als  ”mit der Landessprache als mit den Landesgebrauchen bekannt, selbst Kaufmann erster Gilde und Schiffsrheder”.

Nebenstehend die Bekanntmachung des Staats- und Cabinnets-Ministeriums zur Ernennung Abraham des Fontaines zum Konsul.

Abraham vertrat Archangelsk 1856 als Konsul und als Stadtoberhaupt bei der Kronung von Zar Alexander II. Auch sein Gesuch um die Teilnahme an den Kronungsfeierlichkeiten, indem er ersucht, dass  ”wahrend meiner zweimonatigen Abwesenheit (das) Wahrnehmen der Consulatsgeschafte meinem Sohn Eduard des Fontaines ubertragen werde”  drucke ich in Kopie ab. Das Konsulat erlischt schliesslich am 9.6.1868.

Abrahams Sohn Eduard des Fontaiees ubernimmt schliesslich die Firma und war auch von 1862-78 danisdner Konsul in Archangelsk. Eduards Schwester Anna des Fontaines war mit Eduards Geschaftspartner Wladimir Gribanoff verheiratet.

Eduards Sohn Peter des Fontaines arbeitete im Sommer im Kontor von Gribanoff, Fontaines & Co. in Wologda, der von Robert Clafton geleitet wurde. In einem Jahr reiste Robert Clafton spater an als seine jungen Angestellten, die sich die Zeit mit Geselligkeit vertrieben. Im Kreis der jungen Leute war auch eine junge Schneiderin, Anna Aleksejewna, die sehr beliebt war. In Scherz sage Peter, er wolle sie einmal  heiraten. Die anderen nahmen ihn jedoch beim Wort und forderten ihn auf, nun auch dazu zu stehen. Er willigte schliesslich ein und es wurde schnell geheiratet, bevor Robert Clafton in Wologda eintraf, der die Ehe aufgrund des grossen Standesunterschiedes gewiss  zu verhindern gesucht hatte. Die Ehe zerbrach, als Peter nach St.Petersburg beordert wurde, wo er bei seiner Tante Anna des Fontaines und ihrem Mann Wladimir Gribanoff verkehrte. Das kinderlose Paar hatte die Waise Jenny Friese bei sich aufgenommen, deren Eltern Nikolai Friese und Anna Clafton gestorben warten. Peter und Jenny lernten sich dort kennen und lieben. Peters Frau willigte jedoch nicht in die Scheidung ein. Ein nicht zu losendes Dilemma. Peter wurde schliesslich Verwalter auf dem Gut Krasawino bei Ustjug, wo die vaterliche Firma eine Textilfabrik unterhielt. Trotz seines Drangens lehnte es Jenny ab, zu ihm zu ziehen. Das Problem wurde schliesslich auf eine ungewohnliche Weise gelost: Peter und Jenny reisen mit Jenny’s Schwester Anna Deploranski nach Wien und heirateten dort. Weil die Ehe amtlich ungiutig war wurden ihre Kinder spater einem von Peters kinderlosen Brudern zugeschrieben. Die Familie des Fontaines wird verschiedentlich als die kommerziell  erfolgreichste Familie   franzosischen Namens in Russland bezeichnet. Zahlreiche Nachkommen von Abraham des Fontaines finden sich heute auch in anderen Familien. So heiratet Fanny des Fontaines im Oktober 1882 den Sagemuhlenbesitzer Adolph Scholtz, dessen Schwester Bertha bereits in erster Ehe mit seinem neuen Schwager Eduard des Fontaines verheiratet war. Adolph und Bertha Scholtz waren die Kinder von Franz Scholtz und Amalie Louise Gernet. Adolph und Fanny hatten funf Kinder : Adolf 1883, Martha 1885, Franz 1887, Margarethe 1891 und Fanny 1893.

Auch die Nachkommen von Dagmar des Fontaines und v. Pilatzky, dessen Vater Konstantin, seines Zeichens Direktor des russischen Knabengymnasiums von Archangelsk, auch bereits mit einer des Fontaines verheiratet war, sind bekannt: fuinf Tochter; Eugenie, Marie, Olga, Helene und Edith, wobei Olga von Geburt an taub war.

Nach der Revolution blieben auch Nаchkommenеп der des Fontaines in Russland. So sind die Kinder von Prof. Anatol Medwedjew und Clara des Fontaines, Boris und Helene mit ihren Eltern in Odessa geblieben, Peter des Fontaines und Faina Mudrowa blieben in Rostov am Don, wahrend man von Dagmar des Fontaines und Michael Iwanow und ihrer Tochter Alice ebensowenig  weiss  wie von Wilhelmine des Fontaines und Ihrem Mann Nikolai und ihrer Tochter Wera. Edith des Fontaines und Mstislaw Rudnitzky blieben mit ihren Sohnen Peter und Vladimir in Russland, Maria des Fontaines und Karl Qualmann hingegen, die beide taubstumm waren, sind nach Hamburg ubergesiedelt, ihnen gleich taten es Alice des Fontaines und Wilhelm Paetz mit ihren Kindern Nora und Renate.

Uberhaupt ist auffallig, wie viele Familienmitglieder taub oder sogar taubstumm waren, wie beispielsweise Waldemar des Fontaines. Uber seinen Bruder Hermann ist nur berichtet, dass  er an Tuberkolose starb.

Noch heute leben viele Nachkommen der Familie des Fontaines – in wahresten Sinne des Wortes – uber die ganze Welt verstreut. Mit ihnen sind viele der Kenntnisse und Unterlagen, die die vor-handenen Lucken noch schliessen konnten, verloren. So soil es auch einmal Familiennachrichten der des Fontaines gegeben haben, die Aufklarung uber die Zeit in den Niederlanden und die Flucht aus Frankreich geben konnten.

Ich wurde mich uber jede Erganzung freuen und hoffe dann noch einmal eine Ausgabe uber die Familie des Fontaines machen zu konnen, die die gesamte spannende Geschicht dieser sehr alten  europaischen Familie darstellt.


29Dezember 2010(43F29).

Liebe Familie, liebe Freunde,

bei Recherchen stieß ich zufällig auf das wahrscheinlich älteste bekannte Porträt eines Vorfahrens: Das steinerne Bildnis von Aleaume de Fontaines.

Die andere Abbildung zeigt die Gruft der Kirche von Longpre-les-Corps-Saints, in welcher die Statue steht. Es ist der einzige erhaltene Teil der Kirche aus der Zeit Aleaumes. Bereits im Hundertjährigen Krieg zwischen England und
Frankreich im 14.Jahrhundert wurde die Kirche zweimal von englischen Truppen schwer beschädigt bzw. zerstört: zuerst vor der Schlacht von Crecy 1346, dann erneut vor der Schlacht von Agincourt 1415. Zwar wurde die Kirche
wieder aufgebaut, doch ist sie noch mehrmals beschädigt worden, zuletzt in 2. Weltkrieg.

Für die Vorfahren von Aleaumes Ehefrau, Laurette de Saint-Valery, belegt. Üblich war es in den folgenden Generationen, dass sowohl die Besitzungen in Nordfrankreich, als auch die Eroberungen in England gehalten wurden. So hatten die Saint-Valerys neben ihren Ländereien in Valeiy-sur-Somme auch Besitz in England. So wird z.B. Walter de Saint-Valery im Doomsday Book als Besitzer von Isleworth und Hampton (Raum London) genannt.

Tatsächlich soll Laurette de Saint-Valery um 1146 in Isleworth geboren worden sein. Sie ist die Tochter von Bernard IV de Saint-Valery (of Beckley&Horton) und seiner Frau Maud. Diese Linie lässt sich direkt zu den Herzögen der
Normandie und dem französischen Königshaus zurückverfolgen.

Die de Fontaines sind im Doomsday Book nicht genannt (ich habe es vollständig durchgearbeitet). Trotzdem ist es denkbar, dass Aleaume sowohl in England als auch in Frankreich geboren wurde. Unbelegte Quellen sprechen von einer Geburt in Aberdeen (Schottland). Da Schottland nicht in Doomsday Book erfasst ist, würde das die fehlenden Eintragungen erklären. Zudem heiratet Aleaumes Tochter Cecily de Fontaines (* ca. 1185) um 1200 Hugh de Bailleul
(Baliol), ebenfalls aus einer normannischen Familie der Picardie stammend.
Cecilys Sohn John de Baliol (* ca. 1210 Barnard Castle, Durham) wurde dann König von Schottland.

Eine Verbindung der de Fontaines nach Schottland besteht also tatsächlich.

Aleaume wirkt aber zunächst in Frankreich. 1185 wird er Bürgermeister von Abbeville an der Kanalküste. 1190 begleitet er seinen König Phillip August ins Heilige Land auf den 3.Kreuzzug. Er gehört zu den Truppen Jean II de Ponthieu.  Aleaume zeichnet sich während der erfolgreichen Belagerung von St Jean

Hier und in Heilige Land trägt er viele Reliquien zusammen, die er mit seinem Kaplan Wulbert in die Heimat schickt. Seine Frau Laurette spendet diese der Kirche in Longpre, die daraufhin den Beinamen „les-Corps-Saints” erhält. Noch heute werden die nach den Wirren der Jahrhunderte verbliebenen Reliquien einmal im Jahr, jeweils am 8.9., in einer Prozession gezeigt.
Aleaume stirbt im Jahre 1205 im Heiligen Land an der Pest.

Zu dieser interessanten Persönlichkeit und den weiteren Vorfahren gibt es gewiss noch viel zu ermitteln. Da aber die Glaubenskriege in Frankreich, die mit der Vertreibung der Hugenotten endeten, viele Unterlagen zerstört haben ( auch in Longpre fanden Kämpfe statt), fehlt nach wie vor das letzte Glied in der Kette, welches unsere direkten Vorfahren mit Aleaume de Fontaines verbindet.

Zuletzt erreichte mich noch am 30.12. eine e-mail von Sergei Michailovich Gernet aus Archangelsk, in welcher er mir seinen Umzug in die alte Stadt Kargopole bei Archangelsk ankündigte. Ich schrieb kurz zurück und gratulierte
ihm zu seiner neuen Wohnung. Bereits am 31.12.antwortete mir sein Sohn Nikolay per e-mail, dass sein Vater am gleichen Morgen gestorben ist.

Sergei Gernet hatte stets ein waches Interesse an der Familie. Ich werde die Korrespondenz mit ihm vermissen. Mein Mitgefühl gilt seiner engeren Familie; seine weitere Familie sind wir. Wir trauern mit ihnen.

Trotzdem hoffe ich in neuen Jahr in der Familienforschung wieder mehr neue und interessante Erkenntnisse zu gewinnen.

Ich wünsche allen ein glückliches und erfolgreiches Jahr 2011.

Dear family, dear friends,

while doing some reseach, I coincidentially found the most likely oldest portrait of a familymember: the stone picture of Aleaume de Fontaines.

The other picture shows the crypte of the chruch of Lonpre-les-Corps-Saints, where the statue is situated. It is the only part of the original church from Aleaumes time preserved today. Already during the hundred-years-war betweeen France and England during the 14thcentury, the church was twice
damaged/destroyed by english troops: first time shortly before the battle of Crecy 1346, then again before the battle of Agincourt 1415. The church was reerected later, but was damaged or destroyed several more times, last in WW II.

The location of Aleaumes birth is not known for sure. The family came from Picardy in Northern France and took the name of Fontaines-sur-Somme as family name. Possibly the family descended from the Normans. The first known de Fontaines – Pierre de Fontaines – Aleaumes greatgrandfather, was part of the troops of the norman conquerors during the battle of Hastings 1066. This is as well true for the ancestors of Aleaumes wife Laurette de Saint-Valery.

It was common during the generations that followed the conquest, that they hold as well properties in Northern France as well as in England. The Saint-Valery family had next to their posessions in the Valery-sur-Somme area land in England. The Doomsday Book names one Walter de Saint-Valery as owner of
Isleworth and Hampton in the London area.

Indeed it is claimed, that Laurette de Saint-Valery was born in Isleworth around the year 1146. She was the daughter of Bernard IV de Saint-Valery (of Beckley&Horton) and his wife Maud. This family can be traced back directly to the dukes of Normandy and the french royal family.

The de Fontaines family is not mentioned in the Dooomsday Book (I read it cover to cover). Nevertheless it is possible, that Aleaume de Fontaines is born either in France or England. Some unproven sources claim, that he was born in Aberdeen (Scotland). As Scotland was not listed in the Doomsday Book, this
would be a possible explanation for the missing entries. Furthermore Aleaumes daughter Cecily de Fontaines (*abt.l 185) married about 1200 Hugh de Bailleul (Baliol), likewise descendant of a norman family of Picardy. Their son John de Baliol (*abt. 1210, Barnard Castle, Durham) became later king of Scotland.

So there is a link of the family with Scotland.

Aleaumes activities focussed on France in the beginning. He became mayor of Abbeville on the channel in 1185. 1190 he went with his king Pillip August on the third crusade to the holy land. He was part of the troops of Jean II de Ponthieu. Aleaume distiguished himself during the successful siege of St. Jean
d’Acre (Acre).

When the king returnd to France on july 31sl 1191, he left his troops in the hands of some leaders he had confidence in. Amongst them Aleaume de Fontaines.
Aleaume was never to return home. He stayed for 16 years overall in the near east. He took part in the capture of Konstatinopel during the 4lh crusade. He collected here as well as in the holy land a lot of relics and send them with his caplan Wulbert home. His wife Laurette de Saint-Valery gave them to the
church in Longpre, that received the name addition les-corps-saints due to this.
Even today after centuries the remaining relics are shown during a procession each September 8th. Aleaume died by the plague during the year 1205 in the holy

Certainly there is a lot more research possible concerning this interesting personality and the further ancestors, but since many documents have been destroyed during the french religious wars, that ended in the refuege of the huguenots (there were battles in Longpre as well), there is still one last link
missing between our direct ancestors and Aleaume de Fontaines.

Finally I received an e-mail by Sergei Michailovich Gernet from Archangelsk on december 30th. He told me, that he is about to move to the ancient city of Kargopole, near Archangelsk. I replied to his mail, congratulating him to his new home. Already the next day his son Nikolay replied to my mail, telling me
his father died the very morning of the 31st of december 2010.

Segei Gernet was always very interested in the family. I will miss the exchange with him. Our condolence is with his closer family. We are his wider family. We are mourning with them.

Next to this sad news I hope, the new year will bring more and interesting new results in family research.

I would like to wish everybody a happy and successful years 2011.

bottom of page