The knightly family von Essen in the service of Russia. Stammtafel.
Esen (V. Essen) is a surname belonging to several German-Swedish noble families. Is this kind of the Dutch province of Geldern from Westphalia, where the ancestors of Assenov, Gingely (Dungeln) and Aickelin (Eckeln) in the XVI century moved to the Baltic region by acquiring noble estates in Courland, Livonia and on Saaremaa island. In Swedish service Esseni received the count's dignity. At the end of XVII and beginning of XVIII centuries representatives of Essen family lived in Brandenburg, and at the end of that century were considered among the noble names of Western Prussia and Pomerania.
Background Essen old Baltic-German knights, appeared in the Baltic States with Crusades of German knights. Over the last 250 years, this family has given 18 generals and one famous Admiral of the Baltic fleet.
The founder is considered to be the Teutonic knight Friedrich von Essen, married to Elizabeth von Buren. His great-grandson Thomas von Essen (? - until 1617), married to Anna Nirat owned estates in the area of Autzen and carried the noble equestrian service in 1605.
His son is Alexander von Essen (?- after 1643), married to Baroness Unger, major General in Swedish service, on 18 September 1643 received an "upgrade" of noble dignity from Queen Christina. It is known that in 1655 he went with the Embassy to the Moscow Tsar Ivan iy.
Great-grandchildren Alexander von Essen — Klaus Gustav (1720 - 1777) Reinhold William (1722 - 1788) founded the Estonian line Pedes and Cividep-Parmel.
Magnus Gustav von Essen (Ivan Nikolaevich)
(19.09.1758 – 08.07.1813) Lieutenant General (1799), Riga military Governor.
Awards — Russian order of St.Alexander Nevsky, St. Anna 1-th St. diamond St.George 4th CL., SV.Vladimir 2-nd St., ne.John Of Jerusalem. Other: English sword with diamonds.
The portrait of this man is decorated with one of the most luxurious halls of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. Magnus Gustav von Essen was born 19 Oct 1758 in manor Pedes (today Calvi) in Estonia. At the age of 13 years old Ivan entered the Life guards Izmailovsky regiment of the ordinary. January 1, 1775, Ivan was transferred as a Lieutenant in Naseberry musketeer regiment of the ensigns of the guard. Essen participated in battles 1783-1785 in Poland with confederates. In the battle of biała, Ivan was wounded in his right side and leg, that in 1786 he was forced to retire with the rank of Prime major. However, after two years back again in operation, and was enrolled in the Narva musketeer regiment. In 1788-1790 he participated in the Swedish war, and in 1792 and in 1794 he fought with the poles.
On September 15, 1794, Essen was promoted to Colonel for bravery in combat under the Mare. For bravery in the battle of Maciejowice Ivan Nikolaevich was awarded the order of St. George 4-th degree. In 1797 he was appointed chief of the Chernihiv musketeer regiment, along with this he complains of the rank of major General. Essen participated in the Dutch expedition, where for the shown courage and heroism he received the title of Lieutenant-General. In 1802 he was appointed Governor of Smolensk, but in 1803 Essen was transferred as Governor to Kamenets-Podolsky. In 1806 Ivan Nikolaevich was entrusted with command of the corps, which is located near the Dniester.
In the beginning of the Turkish war, he besieged the fortress Hosting, which long held siege, and on 16 November 1806 the Turks it passed. Participated in the war with Napoleon in 1807, in part entrusted to him by the corps fought under Ostrolenka and Mazowieckie, under Fridlandom was seriously wounded in the chest and after being injured for a very long time was treated. After recovery in the spring of 1809 Ivan N. von Essen took command of the reserve corps of the Moldovan army. In September of the same year, he was appointed as the military Governor of Riga and head of the civil part of the provinces of Estland, Livonia and Courland.
In 1812, with the approach of the French and Prussian troops to Riga, the Riga fortress was brought into a defensive state. After the failure of Russian troops in July, under the gross-Ekau rejected the ultimatum, the Prussian commanders on the surrender of Riga, but hastened to give the order to burn Moscow, Mitavskiy and Zadvinsky suburbs.
Closer to fall, the course of the war changed. The stretched position of the Prussian corps, passivity MacDonald, the success of Polotsk Wittgenstein, the beginning of a General retreat of Napoleon, and also the arrival in Riga of the housing Steingel all circumstances prompted Essen to the beginning of the offensive, however, due to poor management, Russian troops suffered heavy losses in several battles.
M. Kutuzov was not interested in the Riga direction of the theater of military operations. General von Essen, filed a petition of resignation due to illness. During the course of treatment not far from Riga, on Bardonski sulphur waters Ivan Nikolaevich Essen drowned. There is a theory that it was probably a suicide. Ivan N. von Essen died on 8 July 1813.
The only daughter and heir of Elizabeth von Essen (1797-1821), from 1817 was married to Baron mi Palen.
Dictionary of Russian generals, combatants against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1812-1815 // Russian archive : Coll. — M. Studio "trite" N. Mikhalkov, 1996. - Vol. VII. — S. 630-631.
The Baltic States in the Patriotic war of 1812. PT "Tabinfo" / Estonian branch of the Union of writers of Russia. Tallinn, 2001. C. 544-546.
The nephew of Magnus Gustav von Essen — Alexander Ferdinand von Essen (November 11, 1799, the manor Pedes in Estland lips. - September 26, 1889, revel), major General, owned estates in Weissenstein Weichmuth. and Kickel at Wesenberg's. Estland lips. and estate Gushchino in Zubtsovskiy. Tver lips.
Eduard von Essen.
Eduard von Essen (January 14, 1879, Kharkov — April 23, 1931, Leningrad), painter and politician, a member of the RSDLP (1898), studied in St. Petersburg Academy of arts from 1903 led the party work in many cities of Russia, in the years of 1st world war 1914-18 conducted revolutionary propaganda among the soldiers of the Northern front, in 1917 in Petrograd, a member of the first legal Vasileostrovskaya of the revolutionary Committee of the RSDLP(b) and Chairman of the Board, Deputy people's Commissar of state control (1917-18), 1918-24 on the political and educational work in the red army, the rector of the Academy of arts (1925-29), 1929 - personal retired;
- Tsgia SPb F. 14 Op.3 D. 51083
Alexander von Essen (Alexander Magnus)
(June 26, 1880, Kharkiv-September 18, 1930, Moscow), engineer, politician, studied at the Institute of railway engineers (1898-1904), from 1899 participated in the student movement; member of RSDRP (1902), Ekaterinoslav (1903), St. Petersburg (1903-05), Odessa (1904), Moscow (1904 and 1906) committees of RSDRP, as well as Tiflis group of social Democrats-internationalists (1918-20), which joined in 1920. RCP (b). Until 1925 he worked in Georgia. In 1925-29, the Deputy Chairman of Gosplan of the RSFSR, Chairman of the Technical and economic Council of the people's Commissariat (1929-30).
Andrew Emmanuel von Essen, Advisor to the Riga magistrate; son of the pastor, born in Riga in 1757 was Educated in göttingen, then undertook a trip to Germany, France and England, and on his return took a place in the office of the Riga city hall, where he was subsequently adviser. Von Essen died on August 19, 1815.
Of the printed works of Andrew E. von Essen in the German language known: two grave words spoken on the death of his daughter, Anna Dorothea von Essen (1812), and his brother, Paul (1813), and two of the speech: "Rede über die sich immer mehr entdeckende Natur" (G. von Schlegel Redehandlung 1773) and "Die Herrschaft in den Händen eines Tyranen eines Regenten und guten" (ibid., 1774).
— Recke und Napiersky, "Allgemeines he is - und Gelehrten-Lexikon", Mitau, 1827, vol. I, pp. 526, 527. — "Rigasche Stadtblätter", 1815, p. 289, 290.
Christopher von Essen, General-Lieutenant; born in 1717 Service E. began 13 years (1 January 1730) soldier Arkhangelsk infantry regiment, where after two years was re conducted in the cadet corps, which he graduated in 1737 with the rank of ensign. In 1748 He was promoted to Lieutenant, in 1750 he was granted captains, and in 1755 he was appointed chief quartermaster. In 1758 He took part in the Seven-year war, commanding the Siberian and Narva regiments. As part of the detachment of General Rezanov, who was on the lower Vistula, and being thus in the first line, these forces put an immediate objective the capture of Kolberg to consolidate the Russian position in Pomerania. When, after long delay, in October, 1758, it was decided to storm the colberg forces of General Palmerah, count Fermor, using an eight-day postponement of the assault, made by order of Palmerah, sent to him for help E. with the team. But the case was lost, and the siege of the fortress had to be removed due to the onset of count Dohna, who came to the aid of the garrison of Kolberg. Removing the siege, General, Palmerah moved to Stoilov, where he joined the brigade In 1759 E. E. was in Poznan, in the observational case Golitsyn, and in the same year was made major General and appointed chief of infantry regiment. At the end of the Seven-year war (1763) E. was promoted to Lieutenant General and in this rank participated in the Dniester and Khotyn campaigns. In August 1763, taking the place of Repnin, who was fired for illness abroad, E. approached Jorge, but the battle has completely failed, and all the officers were killed or wounded, the lower ranks dropped to 2 thousand. After incredible efforts, he finally managed to break the tenacity of the enemy. Von Essen also participated in three Swedish campaigns, and in the battle of Villmanstrand he was severely wounded in the left leg. Lieutenant-General in the army from March 3, 1763 To 1771, Essen, while the first army, submitted the official report about dismissal due to his morbid state of health; his request was granted, and on 5 April 1771 he received a sabbatical year.
The form of Christopher von Essen in 1765 Moscow, Lefortovsky archive, inventory 214, kN. 70. — "List of military generals from the time of Emperor Peter I to Catherine II", 1809, p. 81, 99, 118. — S. M. Soloviev, "History of Russia", vol. VI. - Maslovsky, "Russian army in the seven-Year war", Moscow, 1888, vol. II, pp. 210, 217, 319, 422.
Hans Henrik (Hans Heinrich) von Essen.
(Swedish Reichs and field Marshal, Governor-General of Norway, later Governor of Scania, erected in the count's dignity of the Swedish Kingdom), Hans Henrik von Essen (Sweden. Hans Henric von Essen; 26 September 1755 — 28 June 1824) — count, Swedish field Marshal, Governor of Norway.
Came from a Livonian noble family, part of which is in the beginning of the eighteenth century resettled in Sweden. He was born 26 Sep 1755 in castle Cavese under Tidaholm. He studied at the Uppsala and göttingen universities.
In 1777 he entered military service in the Swedish army, and accompanied the king Gustav III during his trip to Italy, France and Germany. As a Royal adjutant, took part in the war against Russia and promoted to Colonel was appointed commander of the guard and militia of Gothenburg.
On 16 March 1792, Essen was near the king when he was fatally wounded at a ball in Stockholm.
In 1795 Essen accompanied the Duke Sodermanlands (later king Karl XIII) and the young king Gustav IV Adolf in Saint Petersburg, on his return until the year 1797 was Governor of Stockholm.
In 1800 he was appointed Governor-General of Swedish possessions in Pomerania.
In the campaign of 1807 for two months defended Stralsund against the French; after several battles had concluded an armistice with Marshal Brune.
On the abdication of Gustav IV Adolf of Essen took place in the Council of state, and was then sent a messenger to Paris, where in January 1810, signed a peace Treaty between France and Sweden. On 29 April of the same year, Essen was elevated to count's dignity. In 1810, the same year he was promoted to Marshal of Sweden, and in 1811 — a field Marshal.
In 1813, Essen headed the Swedish expedition corps and occupied Norway; after the unification of the countries from 1814 to 1816, he served as Governor of Norway (stattholder); then he was appointed Chancellor of the University of Christiania and field Marshal of the Norwegian troops.
In 1817, Essen was appointed Governor of scone and this ended his active political activity. Hans Henrik von Essen died on 28 June 1824 in Uddevalla.
- Encyclopedia of military and marine Sciences. Under. by G. A. Leer. Vol. VIII. SPb., 1889
- Biography of von Essen on the website of the Norwegian government.
On line Cividep-Armel:
Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen (Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen)
a. Kiwidepäh (Kiideva), Ridala, Läänemaa, Estland (3 September 1722, the manor Pedes — 6 Jan 1788, revel), is the founder of Haus Kiwidepäh-Parmel (dynastic house Cividep-Parmele, part of the Estonian lines). (Owned estates and Cividep Gallic in Viscom district Revel lips).
Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen is the founder of Haus Kiwidepäh-Parmel (dynastic house Cividep-Parmele, part of the Estonian lines). Like most background Assenov, Reinhold Wilhelm service began in the life guards Horse regiment (formed mostly of ostseite). Already in 1742, after participating in a campaign against the Swedes on the day of the coronation of Empress Elizabeth was granted in the cornets. In 1751 was appointed Lieutenant. But the service in the privileged cavalry regiment had in addition to the advantages disadvantages. Here every day was conducted exhausting horse-riding lessons are also regularly conducted field exercise, not to mention the exercise "the bridge" galloping "Boobs and stuffed".
With his noble way of thinking and other personal merits Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen managed to acquire the love of his colleagues. At the beginning of 1776, after the death of benckendorf, he was offered a place revel chief-commandant, which he occupied until his death, which followed January 6, 1788.
Volkov S. V. the Generals of the Russian Empire. Encyclopedic dictionary of generals and admirals from Peter I to Nicholas II. Volume II. L-Ya. M., 2009
Full list of the regimental commanders and officers of the life guards cavalry regiment from 1731 to 1886. SPb., 1886
Russian biographical dictionary: The 25 t / under the supervision of A. A. Polovtsev. 1896-1918.
Stepanov V. S., G. P. I. To commemorate the centenary of the Imperial Military order of St. great Martyr and Pobedonostsa George. (1769-1869). SPb., 1869
Grandchildren of Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen:
Heinrich Magnus Wilhelm (27 September 1796, Cape Mall in Wesenberg County). Estland lips. — September 26, 1869, the castle Borgholm), privy councillor (from 1 Jan. 1859), Chamberlain (1 July 1846), Estland, ritterschaften (1845?47), civil Governor of Livonia lips. (1847-62); married to Elena Eliza Francisca Vilboa, a noblewoman, 1805-1892. Died September 26, 1869 — castle Borgholm, Wesenbergii County, Estonia.
ingold (13 March 1798, Cape Mall — April 14, 1863, Derpt), Lieutenant General (1844) , participated in the suppression of the Decembrist uprising in 1825 (awarded the Highest gratitude) and the Polish uprising in 1831, the commander of the life guards Grodno hussar regiment (1835-36), commander (from 1837 — commander) of the 2nd brigade of the 2nd light cavalry division (1836-37), the commander of the life guards regiment (1837-44), commander of the 1st brigade of the guards cavalry division (1844), head of the 2nd cuirassier division (1844-47) and the guards cuirassier division (1847), owned estates of Alt-Parmely and Her-Parmel and Putz in Gapsal'skaya. Estland lips. the estates Maxhop, Custer and Heidehof in Dorpat. Livonia lips. A. A. von Essen was married to Sophia Maria, nee Cosens (July 21, 1810, the estate of the Volyn province). -4 June 1884, the estate Maxhop).
Alexander Otto Magnus von Essen (13 may 1829, St. Petersburg-30 December 1888, ibid.), Lieutenant General.
Nicholas (Nikolaus) von Essen. (May 28, 1839, St. Petersburg — November 7, 1900, the manor of Custer at Yuri. Livonia lips.), graduated from the page corps to be entered in the Honorary book (1857), was assessor of Margarita in Weisen-starscom and Wesenbergh counties, owned estates Maxhop, Custer and Heidehof, carried out the reclamation, was engaged in forest plantations, participated in agricultural exhibitions, from 1881, a correspondent of the Main Department for state horse breeding Livonia lips. from 1895 — a member of the ROS. Council on agriculture.
Otto Peter von Essen. (12 September 1843 — 21 Mar 1909, Breslau, Silesia, Germany), actual state Councilor (2 APR. 1906), Chamberlain (6 Dec. 1903), grew. Consul General in Breslau (from 26 Nov. 1904), the owner of estates Maxhop, Custer and Heidehof.
Otto Wilhelm (Otto Wilhelm) von Essen
— the great-grandson of the founder of the line of Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen — (27 January 1828, the manor ASIC in Eisensteinian. Estland lips. -16 Feb 1876, St. Petersburg, Russia), (state Secretary of HIH, privy councillor (1869), Senator, Deputy Minister of justice of the Russian Empire). ) \ * 8 April 1761 -+. 28 may 1834\
Awards: order of the White eagle, St. Equal post. kN. Vladimir 2-nd St., ne. Anna 1-th St, ne. Stanislaus 1-th St, a Bronze medal on St. Andrew ribbon in memory of war 1853-1856 .
He was born 1828 in the estate of ASIC Eisensteins County of the Estonian province. Upon reaching adulthood was enrolled in the Imperial school of law — alma mater a number of prominent jurists of the Russian Empire. Upon completion in 1849, of the course of studies at the school of jurisprudence under the first category Otto Wilhelm von Essen had joined the service in the Senate, where he received the Junior of the assistant Secretary in the Department of heraldry, but for a short time had to leave the Senate to head the civil Department of the Ministry of Justice. In 1851 O. V. von Essen was assigned to the audit of Kherson province, and in 1856 he corrected the post of chief Secretary first in the third and then in the fourth Department of the Senate. At the reckoning in 1857 to the Department of the Ministry of Justice was entrusted to him in 1858 to manage the third Department of the Ministry. In September 1862, when he was Royally approved "Basic Regulations" of the judiciary reform, Otto Wilhelm took an active part in the work of the Commission together with the best legal forces. In the fall of 1867, O. V. von Essen was appointed Director of the Department of the Ministry of Justice. In the early sixties, he corrected the post of chief Prosecutor of the Senate, first the third, and then the first Department. The difficult task fell to Otto Wilhelm to be the chief Prosecutor with the introduction of Zemstvo institutions and new legal regulations, met in many cases opposition from the local administration and to excite different ideas. With the introduction of provincial regulations O. V. von Essen first sent this case is reasonable and correct. Under him, the Senate was the first defender of Zemstvo in cases where his rights were violated. Full firm faith in justice and favor of new beginnings, he vigorously defended them, and, thanks to his eloquent and clear reports, the Senate was often the defender of Zemstvo's interests. With the same unwavering firmness he stood and beginning of the legal regulations allowing for frequent changes in them, but never agreed to change that could distort their essence. In 1872, the Highest order of the Ministry of justice Ov von Essen was appointed fellow Minister of justice, leaving the rank of Senator. Zemstvo leaders considered for themselves a great loss of this appointment. In 1874, he was honored to receive monarch's gratitude for the excellent performance of the temporary duties of the Minister of justice. For this the reward is great and hard service he was awarded the order of the White eagle.
On April 17, 1875 Otto Vasilyevich, as it was customary to call him in the Ministry, "by the Highest decree given to the ruling Senate, was granted to the state Secretaries of his Imperial Majesty with dismissal in the post and the rank of Senator". O. V. von Essen took an active part in many commissions established under the Ministry; for example, he participated in the Commission for the consideration of the draft regulations on spiritual wills in 1860, and in 1874. — the Commission to consider the method of separation of members of the judicial seats across departments, judicial chambers and offices of district courts, etc. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, O. V., von Essen always had the reputation of being eminently good, full of intrigue, quiet and modest person. It was impossible not to see a vigorous fighter for the right cause, and in the ranks of his enemies, he never was. It is less other judiciary officials were inclined to change judicial reform or to retreat on the practice, launched the "legal regulations".
Otto Wilhelm von Essen died on 16 February 1876 and was buried in St. Petersburg in the cemetery of the Novodevichy convent. Prominent Russian lawyer AF Coney wrote in his memoirs: "The whole day I spent in extreme distress and the idea to resign seduced me more than once. But that would have been achieved. With the death of noble von Essen's firm and diligent friend the Minister, there was no one in the Ministry of Justice who constituted at least some counterweight to Minister Palen in his extravagant antics and opinions (A. F. Coney. Memories of T– II. — M: Izd. Legal literature, 1959. 36 p.).
Three of the four sons of O. V. von Essen, Alexei, Anton and Michael followed in the footsteps of his father and tied his life with law, after graduating from the Imperial school of law, entered the civil service, and the fourth, Nicholas became the pride of the Russian fleet..
Alexey Ottovich von Essen, after serving for some time in St. Petersburg in the Ministry of justice, was sent to the Caucasian vicegerency, where he performed various positions in the Ministry of justice, as an investigator. Since 1902, A. O. von Essen was a friend of the Prosecutor of the Kutaisi district court. Subsequently he engaged in private practice. After the revolution and the creation of the national state by the Mensheviks in Georgia, he was forced to move to Azerbaijan, where he worked in the Ministry of justice of the Mussavatist government. After the entrance of the 11th red army to Azerbaijan, he returned to Tiflis. Soon there was established the Soviet power. He worked as a legal adviser. He was arrested several times, the last time in December 1937. Shot in early 1938. In 1957 he was rehabilitated.
Anton (Anthony) Inc. von Essen (1863-1919) statesman, Pietrokovski the Governor, the assistant of the Warsaw Governor General, Senator, Jagermeister. - assistant to the Warsaw Governor-General. A supporter of moderate political course towards the poles. Like his father, he was educated at the Imperial school of law, where he was released on 27 April 1883 with the rank of IX class (titular counselor) and joined the Ministry of justice. On may 16, 1900 he joined the service of the Ministry of internal Affairs and was appointed assistant to the President of Warsaw as a state councillor. On December 6, 1904 he received the rank of state councillor and on January 13, 1906 he took the post of Petrokovsky Governor. Actively fought against the revolutionary movement in the province in terms of the Revolution of 1905-1907. In 1910 appointed assistant to the Warsaw Governor General for the civil part and may 6, 1912 granted to the hunts. At the same time he was an honorary justice of the peace of the Riga-Volmar district.
In 1914-1915, he served as Warsaw Governor-General after the death of G. A. Skalon on 1 February 1914 and until his successor J. G. Zilinsky was appointed on 4 March, a second time after the appointment of Zilinsky on 19 July by the commander-in-Chief of the armies of the North-Western front (and then his dismissal from both posts on 3 October 1914) and before the arrival of the new Governor-General Prince P. Engalychev.
A. R. lednitsky in his testimony of the Extraordinary Commission of inquiry of the Provisional government so characterized the relationship between Essen and the Polish public and his attitude to the appeal to the poles of the Supreme Commander of the Grand Duke Nicholas of August 1, 1914 :
"The acting Governor-General Essen, at the reception of representatives of the Warsaw theatres, who made a request and welcomed him in Polish, answered in a very sharp form and made it very clear that there could be no question of the reality of the appeal. It made a very strong and painful impression."
In 1914, Essen was appointed a Senator but remained in his post. In 1917, attended the First Department of the Senate. After the February revolution of 1917 remained in service and 8 April 1917, the Provisional government moved to take a seat in the First General Meeting of the Senate.
Anthony Inc. von Essen was married to Natalya Aleksandrovna Stolzenberg and from this marriage he had sons Nicholas, Vladimir and Sergei. All three sons Essen was killed in the course of the revolution and the civil war; Sergei — Lieutenant of the life guards Semenov regiment, was killed while trying to suppress revolutionary speech in Petrograd on March 2, 1917. Nikolay and Vladimir were killed During the fighting with the red army.
In 1919 Antoniy Ottovich von Essen was arrested by Kiev vuchk and imprisoned in a Concentration camp. Shot in June 1919. According to one of the sisters of mercy, who worked in the camp, while in prison Essen very well made shoes of ropes. The commandant of the camp in the morning was allowed to take his wife to transfer the Essen material for his work. And the day he was killed. But the wife was told that her husband was taken to Moscow. Although the sister saw how the guards divided his things that always occurred after the execution of the Awards: Order of St. Stanislaus 2 nd degree (1892), the Order of St. Anne 2 nd degree (1901), the Order of St. Vladimir 3rd degree (6 December 1906), Order of St. Stanislaus 1-th degree (1909), the Order of St. Anna 1-th degree (1913)
- List of fourth grade civilian ranks. Corrected to March 1, 1907. SPb., 1907. C. 1820.
- The list of civil ranks of the first three classes. Corrected to September 1, 1914. Pg., 1914. C. 580.
- The list of persons serving on Department of the Ministry of internal Affairs of 1909. Part 2. Province, region and municipality. SPb., 1909. P.489.
- Journals of meetings of the Provisional government. Vol.1. March-April 1917. M., 2001. C. 260.
- The fall of the tsarist regime. Vol. VII. Moscow-Leningrad, 1927. C. 238-239, 440. - Almanach de St-Petersburg. Cour, monde et ville. 1912. C. 208.
Mikhail Ottovich von Essen ( 17 January 1871 -: 17 may 1908)
Vladimir von Essen R. June 12, 1902 the mind. 1938. (Hieromonk Benjamin)
Lost his father early and was raised by her mother and then stepfather, major-General Vladimir Saltykov, who died in captivity in Germany during the First World war. To 25 years to war and in the White and the red army (17 years of age, after high school, he served six months in an evacuation hospital of the red cross, who then was the Soviet, right after left the White army of Denikin), the tonsure took while studying at the Leningrad Higher theological courses. This was an unusual educational institution for the Soviet city, which largely succeeded the Petrograd Theological Institute, which was closed by the authorities. In 1927 he was tonsured a monk with the name Veniamin. In 1930, his father Veniamin became rector of the Church of the Tikhvin icon of the Mother of God in Lesnoy. However, he served in the Forest father is Benjamin long. A year and a half later he was arrested. Obviously, the prosecution lacked evidence. Twice the head of Department of UGRO asks the Deputy chief of the 3rd Department of gugb to send compromising materials to Essen. Of course, the dirt is located: place of birth — Poland, the origin of the "former", also a Minister of the cult, mother and three brothers live abroad, and past criminal record, and violation of the passport regime (were not allowed to be in Moscow). It sentenced along with other leaders of the brotherhood to the maximum term of punishment — ten years in the camps. Blamed him for "attracting young people to Church and helping exiled clergy". From the appointed time father Benjamin served in the Mordovian camps for five years, after which he was released early. In the camp, he led an art Studio, where he recruited staff from among the priests, thus saving them from excessive work, often threatening them with death.
Having a ban on living in large cities, Veniamin's father still visited Leningrad and Moscow, apparently, met with his brothers. It is known that he earned the bread he as a graphic artist.
The last time his father Benjamin was arrested almost by accident, during a RAID, and detained as "previously convicted", "ex", "churchman". It was 1938. NKVD carried out and exceeded plans for execution of enemies of the people. The father of Benjamin never had a chance to stay alive. He was sentenced to death and executed at Butovo on June 4, 1938 a Lot of drawing, but, unfortunately, not known to us: in business there is only mention of them.
4 Jun 1938 ieromonah Veniamin Essen was shot. In his investigation as "evidence" there were many letters sent to him from different camps with gratitude for his kindness and care. Vladimir Essen was not convicted for political and criminal charges and therefore not even subject to rehabilitation.
CSF IC GUVD MO. F. 189. D. CO-44616; martyrology. C. 398
Admiral of the Imperial Fleet Nikolai Ottovich von Essen. (1860-1915).
Awarded with the orders of St. Stanislaus 3rd degree ( 01.01.1894 ) , SV. Anna 3rd degree ( 13.04.1897 ) , SV. Vladimir, 4th class with bow for 20 campaigns ( 22.09.1898 ) , SV. Stanislav 2 nd degree ( 14.04.1902 ) , a Golden sword with the inscription "For bravery" ( 14.03.1904 ) , SV. George, 4th class ( 17.04.1905 ) , SV. Vladimir 3rd degree ( 06.12.1906 ) , SV. Anna 1-degree ( 1911 ) , SV. Vladimir 2-degree ( 06.12.1913 ) , White eagle with swords ( 1914 ) . Foreign orders : Gracasi Savior 5 degrees ( 1893 ) , Montenegrin Prince Daniel of grade 3 ( 1899 ) , the French Legion of honor knight's cross ( 1902 ) , English Victoria 2 class ( 1908 ) , the Swedish Sword-commander's cross, 1st class ( 1908 ) , the French Legion of honor commander's cross ( 1908 ) , Danish Danbr. 1 art. (1912), French Legion of Honor officer cross (1914), Black Star Grand cross ( 1914 )
His life is worthy the pen of the most worthy novelist, series good Director! The Emperor Alexander III Alexandrovich Peacemaker, once said, "Russia has only two allies – her Army and Navy!"The stormy events that took place in the reign of his son Emperor Nicholas II Alexandrovich proved the correctness of the words of this great man. In the history of Russia, this heavy-duty, full testing for the entire country and the entire people of the century as the twentieth. And it was during this century, perhaps more than ever a great responsibility rests on the shoulders of officers of the army and Navy.
The father of the future naval commander sympathized with the choice of his son, who wished to continue the family tradition of serving the Fatherland under St. Andrew's banner. Thirteen years a boy joined the Marine corps, and from that time all the works and thoughts of Essen was wholly given to the sea and the Navy. Possessing great ability and admirable diligence to the study of the Sciences, Nikolai Essen stood out among his classmates in-depth knowledge of the studied in the College of General scientific and special disciplines. With a special passion, he studied higher mathematics, mechanics, weapons, Maritime practice and some other disciplines directly related to the theory of the ship and the use of combat vehicles of the armored fleet. With the big advantage he held educational practice on the ships of the Baltic fleet, during which cadets and midshipmen reinforcing their theoretical knowledge and got practical experience in the use of weapons and the ship
After graduating from the Naval Academy in 1880, second edition (the first was the future academician Prince B. B. Golitsyn), Nikolai Essen was awarded the title of Midshipman. For excellent progress in learning his name in Golden letters was placed on a marble Board of honor. After graduating from school N. Oh. von Essen, along with other gardemarins went on a two-year voyage abroad on a semi-fast frigate "Duke of Edinburgh" in the Mediterranean sea and the far East. He survived a strong storm in the Bay of Biscay, visited Naples, Piraeus, Algeria, Trieste and other ports, with Grand Dukes Sergei and Constantine went to Jerusalem and Bethlehem. During this voyage N. About. Essen in August, 1881, was promoted to warrant officer.
In 1884, Midshipman N. About. Essen as a capable young officer sent to study at the Nikolaev naval Academy in the mechanical Department during the three years of study at the Academy he received a deep knowledge in the field of shipbuilding, weapons and theories of naval Affairs. Here he is in January 1886 was awarded the regular rank of the officer. He graduated from the Maritime Academy in the first category in October 1887. But on this his naval education not ended. To deepen their knowledge in the field artillery, which was the main weapon of armored cruisers, and to practice artillery fire control, N. About. Essen in 1889 he enrolled in an Artillery officers ' classes that graduated in 1891, having been educated at the artillery officer of the highest qualification.
In March 1891, as Lieutenant N. About. Essen married in revel, the daughter of councillor of state M. M. Linden, Maria M. Linden (by the way, the brother-in-law Essen, major-General A. M. Linden, Vice-Director of the office of the Naval Ministry, which was the numerous rumors that "the Midshipman married for patronage"). The couple background Assenov soon born daughter Olga and son Anthony.
After the officer class N. About. Essen in 1892 again for almost four years goes on a long voyage. He was appointed a senior gunner on a cruiser 1-St rank "Admiral Kornilov", which sailed from Kronstadt to the far East. In the Pacific the squadron Essen, and served for several years, beating almost all of the North sea. During these years he served as a flag-captain is the commander of the 1st Pacific squadron of Vice-Admiral S. O. Makarov, the Creator of the tactics of Russian armored fleet. Essen later recalled that the experience gained under the command of Vice-Admiral Makarov, "impossible to forget, and to ignore them is criminal." In June, 1896 he was appointed the commander of the destroyer No. 104 (displacement about 80 tons) which was a part of practical squadron of the Baltic sea which was commanded by S. O. Makarov. And although N. Oh. Essen sailed on the destroyer in the practical squadron for only three months, the service it was a great school for his commander training. Nikolai Inc. firmly remember the words of his teacher S. O. Makarov about what a great commander able to glorify his ship and its crew even if the ship is not very technical data.
In 1897, on the cruiser "Vladimir Monomakh" Essen returned to Petersburg, after which he commanded the destroyer "Pakerort", with a displacement of 120 tons. Its armament consisted of three torpedo tubes and two 37-mm guns. A year later, Essen was transferred to the naval gunboat "Threatening" to the post of senior officer. On these ships, which were part of the Mediterranean squadron of rear Admiral Skrydlov, he disappeared for three years, having received the practice of command of the medium destroyer and assistant commander of the artillery ship. In 1899, for his merits in the service N. About. Essen was promoted to captain 2 rank and appointed senior officer on the cruiser Bogatyr ' and in 1901 the commander of the steamer "Slavyanka", which kept your bradyna commander destroyers captain 1st rank V. V. Ignatius. This steamer Essen commanded for a year, and in the winter, when the steamer was in St. Petersburg, taught at The Maritime school of deviation and theoretical mechanics, showing himself as a good and competent teacher.
Along with Makarov Essen formed a squadron in Kronstadt, and then in Reval and Libau. In December 1902 the captain of the 2nd rank N. About. Essen was appointed commander of the latest Mironenko light cruiser "Novik" with a displacement of 3,080 tons and speed 25 knots. His weaponry consisted of six 120-mm, six 47-mm and two 37-mm tubes. The cruiser had an armored deck and the wheelhouse, with the armor thickness of 30 and 51 mm. Its crew consisted of 12 officers and sailors 316 and conductors. Taking the ship to the shipyard "Schichau" in Germany, N. Oh. Essen transferred to Port Arthur in the Russian squadron of the Pacific, commanded by Vice Admiral O. V. stark.
It is noteworthy that even in those years Essen foresaw the inevitable military confrontation between Russia and Germany. In 1898, he repeatedly performed in The" marine collection " with articles about the German Navy and since then has started on his personal file, which replenished until the end of his days.
After a sudden attack of the Japanese on the night of 27 January 1904 navtarang von Essen first brought his cruiser to meet the enemy. In the morning, when intact Japanese torpedo the Russian ships just came out of the RAID, "Novik" has already attacked the enemy. In sea he met several Japanese ships and has entered battle. Showing the heroism and tenacity, skillfully maneuvering under the murderous fire of several Japanese ships, "Novik" fearlessly fought a battle using all of their artillery. Only after hitting 8-inch Japanese shells in the middle part of the left side, the commander ordered to retreat, but not before it released a torpedo which passed very close to the Japanese cruiser "Iwate".
The Governor Admiral Alexeev immediately summoned Essen and attacked him with the following words: "I watched from the Golden Mountain. You could not see the explosions of the shells. How dare You? How dare You have a day to go in the front of the mine attack. I put a cross on you. And You are alive. However... Admiral lowered his voice – I congratulate you on the Golden arms!"It was a brilliant beginning of the spirit for the future heroic defense of Port Arthur.
The cruiser of 2nd rank "Novik", along with the cruiser "Varyag" is one of the most famous cruisers of the Russian Navy, having attained fame in the war with Japan. This ship was a favorite cruiser Vice-Admiral Stepan Osipovich Makarov. In 1904, the correspondent of the English times in Tokyo wrote: "Hardly any other event during this spring attracted more attention in Japan than the fate of Novik. Little cruiser unparalleled feat won the hearts of their opponents. Starting with the first naval battle on January 27, when he bravely withdrew from the ranks of his more powerful comrades and rushed to the Japanese squadron, "Novik" under the command of N. Oh. Essen distinguished himself at least six times. At the same time, he never suffered any serious damage. He seemed as if enchanted! And not just Japanese sailors blessed the fate that they have to deal only with one "Novik" — otherwise the entire fate of the offshore company could be completely inoyu".
Bold steps "Novick" on the background of the first failures was noticeable. For battle January 27, 1904 near Port Arthur in addition to N.About. von Essen 12 crew members of the "Novik" received the George cross. At the request of the commander of the fleet of S. O. Makarov on March 16, 1904 the captain of the 2nd rank of the Essen was assigned to command the battleship "Sevastopol»
Essen's heroic character was seen not only by his friends, but also by his future enemies. The German marine attaché in Port Arthur, later Admiral, E. Gopman wrote about him: "they Say he is a crystal unselfish, extremely independent person." Under the command of Essen "Sevastopol" has become the most active and efficient vehicle fleet. Battleship repeatedly went into the sea, twice undermined by mines, but did not stop the counter-battery fight against the Japanese siege artillery. When began direct execution of the ships in the Harbor, N. 0. Essen, despite the ban, the stormy night he rammed closed the boom barrier and translated the Sevastopol Bay the White Wolf, where he prepared his attacks on the Japanese destroyers. The captain had intended to go to sea, to replenish the reserves of coal in the Chinese port and head toward the squadron of Rozhdestvensky. But Viren has not given permission."Sevastopol" was subjected to numerous attacks of the Japanese destroyers which let out on it 180 torpedoes, two of which reached the purpose. A reminder of the heroism of daring commander and still may be the order of the chief of the Kwantung fortified area, Lieutenant-General A. M. Stesses dated December 5, 1904: "Proud, glorious warriors, the feat of the battleship "Sevastopol", the feat of the commander of the captain of 1 rank of Essen, the officers and crew! Let each one of you will be proud to pass on the Homeland and descendants as the "Sevastopol," one ventured to go to the RAID on the night of 26 November and being attacked by five consecutive nights, with the glory heroically repulsed the attacks of enemy destroyers. This feat should never be erased from your memory!.. Cheers to the heroes of the battleship "Sevastopol"!»
The ship is still three weeks remained in the outer Harbor and reflect the Maritime attacks of the enemy. And on the night of December 6, 1904 Essen received the order to flood "Sevastopol". The death of the ship on the day of surrender Port Arthur was for Nicholas Ottovich the greatest shock. In those hours he was ready to die along with his ship... the Battleship has already started to dive into the sea when a group of officers returned for the commander. Essen literally force tore off the handrail and the hands moved to tug.
The feats in this war N. O. von Essen was awarded the order of St. George 4-th degree and promoted to captain 1 rank. But the main thing that it took out of this campaign is a rich experience of observations and reflections on the lost war.
From August, 1906, already a rear-Admiral N. O. von Essen became chief of detachment mine cruisers of the Baltic fleet, later reorganised into the 1st Mine division. This detachment was to become the first combat-ready compound almost completely dead in the far East fleet in the Baltic. Nikolai Inc. safely rebuilds military training according to the precepts of S. O. Makarov. His energy, experience and organizational talent gradually overcome the slant and routine of high command and find wide support among the leading officers of the fleet. Within two years he made mine the best division in the Union Navy, for which he received a commendation from the king, who, observing the teaching division, commended her battle training. Mine division by N.About. The Essen became a real school for the training and education of officers of the Baltic fleet, and especially for commanders of ships, which Nicholas Inc., and all of the outstanding naval commanders of the Russian fleet, was considered as the crucial link in providing success in the combat training of the personnel on the ship and the ship's success in battle. Many officers, having good assinovsky school of mines division, later receiving the appointment to the capital ships: battleships and cruisers, were transferred to them the principles of combat training used in the mine division.
Making the review the ships of the division at the Peterhof RAID in may, 1907 Emperor Nicholas II expressed hope that it "will serve as the nucleus from which will grow a new and strong fleet, formidable to the enemy, loyal defender of the throne and of the Fatherland." At the end of August he was present at the maneuvers of the division. Used first to observe the exercises of the fleet of elemental evolution in the Wake columns, and then just race from Bierce to revel, Nicholas II was extremely excited about the artillery fight, torpedo attack, coverage and delivery of the "enemy." And on August 27 on the bridge "frontier Guards", who admired the teachings of the Emperor wearing rear Admiral braid from his shoulder, appointing Essen in his entourage.
Family tree of von Essen very extensive and complicated, but the relationship between the Admiral Nikolay Otvovice and Colonel Nikolai Karlovich traced clearly. Cousin of our grandfather Ingvard Pepper, a merchant of 1 Guild Gustav Hristianovich PEC was in St. Petersburg the Director of firm "Rating" and the supplier of the court of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, the Palace which had often invited all his family. One of the Grand balls at the Palace of the Grand Duke of the daughter of Gustav Hristianovich (*cousin of my grandmother Lydia PEC) met with the shiny guards officers, Raisa (Rita) with Nikolai Karlovich and Anna — with the nephew of Admiral Nicholas Inc. von Essen, Lieutenant–captain of the 1st guards artillery brigade, Nikolai M. von Essen, who made them a proposal. They and were friends families, and helped each other until the end of life.
Многие Эссены служили верой и правдой России. Представителей этого славного рода отличали личные верность, храбрость и мужество — только за период с 1794 г. по 1842 г. восемь (9) представителей этой фамилии были награждены орденами Св. Георгия различных степеней.
Фон Эссены — кавалеры ордена Св.Георгия:
3 степени: 28.04.1807 г. Граф Пётр Карлович фон Эссен, генерал-лейтенант.
4 степени: 26.11.1790 г. Рейнгольд Вильгельм Иванович фон Эссен, капитан-лейтенант.
15.09.1794 г. Иван Николаевич I-й фон Эссен, подполковник.
26.11.1802 г. Александр Александрович фон Эссен, генерал-лейтенант.
17.02.1809 г. Густав Иванович фон Эссен, майор.
25.12.1831 г. Максим Карлович фон Эссен.
01.12.1835 г. Генрих Иванович фон Эссен.
03.12.1842 г. Антон Иванович фон Эссен, генерал-майор Свиты Его Императорского Величества.
1. ИРИ АН. Ф. 121.0 п. I. Д. 143. Д. 11 433.
2. Синодик лейб-гвардии Семеновского полка. — СПб., 1914.
3. Выписка из родословного древа фон Эссен.
4. Дипломная работа М. Катина-Ярцева.
5. Nikolai Essen. Genealogy of deY from Westphalia-born, noble, free, beautiful, and Graf's family of food (with the owl in the coat-of-arms), enrolled in the Livonia, Estonia, Oesel and in Sweden. Posen, in 1943. Bd. I. P. 451-453. *DBL
6. Николай Карлович фон Эссен в России и эмиграции. А. П. Пец. С.Петербург.
7. Приложение к магистерской диссертации Р. Абисогомяна "Роль русских военных деятелей в общественной и культурной жизни Эстонской Республики 1920-1930-х гг. и их литературное наследие". Биографический справочник. Тарту, 2007
the Westphalia-born, noble, free, glorious, and count of
F a m i 1 i e from food
/ with the owl in the coat-of-arms /
matriculated in Livonia, Estonia, Oesel and in Sweden, Compiled and edited by
Nikolai von Essen, quay.russ.Guard-Colonel a. D., Vice-Chairman.The head of the country clan in poznań.
Posen in 1943.
"One of the few still living members of the Estonia line in my old sex is devoted to this history of our Yorfahren".
N. v. E/
The table of contents.
1. Thomas von Essen, I5..-I6.., I.
2. Eeinhold von Essen, I…-I…, 3.
3. Gotthard von Essen, I…-16.., 4.
4. Alexander von Essen, 1594-1664, 5.
5. Anna von Essen, I…-16.., 17.
6. Thomas von Essen, I…-I…, 18.
7. Anna Elisabeth von Essen, I623-I65I, 19.
8. Magdalena von Essen, 1625-1646, 20.
9. Barbara Sophia von Essen, 1627-16.., 24.
10.Alexander von Essen, I628-I656, 25.
11. Jurgen von Essen, siehe I.Haus Naukschen.
12. Reinhold von Essen, I63O-I659, 28.
13. Maria Eleonora von Essen, I63I-I632, 30.
14. Albrecht Friedrich von Essen, I632-I634, 31.
15. Otto Priedrich von Essen, I634-16.., 32.
16. Gatharina Eleonora von Essen, 1635-1635» 33.
17. Christina von Essen, I636-I6.., 34.
18. Gustav Johann von Essen, I637-I703, 35.
19. Otto Magnus von Essen, I638-I707, 43.
20. Hedwig Catharina von Essen, 1641-1643, 54.
21. Gotthard Wilhelm von Essen, 1644-1…, 55.
22. Alexander Magnus von Essen, 1664-1…, 57.
23. Gerdrut Elisabeth von Essen, I665-I.., 58.
24. Claus Gustav von Essen, 1666-1740, 59.
25. Reinhold Wilhelm Preiherr von Essen, s.IV.Preiherren und Grafen von Essen in Schweden.
26. Sophia Elisabeth von Essen, I670-I7.., 64.
27. Hans Heinrich Freiherr von Essen, I67I-I729, 66.
28. Alexander von Essen, I675-I70I, 68.
29. Gertrud Magdalena von Essen, I…7I…, 69.
30. Barbara Sophia von Essen, I…-17…, 70.
31. Hedwig von Essen, I…-17.., 75.
32. Alexander Gustav von Essen, I666-I689, 77.
33. Magdalena Elisabeth von Essen, I67I-I743, 78.
34. Anna Sophia von Essen, I675-I7II, 80.
35. N.N., von Essen, I6..-I673, 82.
36. Christina Hedwig von Essen, 1676-17.., 83.
37. Otto Magnus von Essen, 1679-1715, 84.
38. Helena Maria von Essen, 1680-1749, 85.
39. Georg Johann von Essen, 1682-1709 88.
40. Johanna von Essen, I69O-I…, 89.
41. Ewert Gustav von Essen, 1673-1»»» 90.
42. F.N. von Essen, 16..-1675, 91.
43. Gotthard Wilhelm von Essen, I676-I730, 92.
44. Magdalena Sophia von Essen, 1679-1751, 102.
45. Anna Wilhelmina von Essen, 16..-I…, 103.
46. Carl von Essen, 1700-1741, 104.
47. Helena Sophia von Essen, 1702-1776, 105.
48. Gustav Johann von Essen, 17..-17.. 107.
49. Hermann Reinhold von Essen, 17..-1761, 109.
50. Friedrich Wilhelm von Essen, 1712-1…, 110.
51. N.N. von Essen, 17..-I715, 111
52. Otto Reinhold von Essen, 1715-1756, 112.
53. Alexander Magnus von Essen, 1716-1…, 113.
54. Augusta G-erdruta von Essen, 17..-I…, 114.
55. Christina Margaretha von Essen, I719-I78O, 115.
56. Claus Gustav von Essen, s. II.Haus Poddes.
57. Reinhold Wilhelm von Essen, s. III.Haus Kiwidepah.
58. Johanna Sophie von Essen, I723-I757, 118.
59. Hans Heinrich von Essen, 1724-17…, 119.
60. Gustav von Essen, I7..-I7…, 120.
61. Helena Dorothea von Essen, 1738-1795, 121,
62. Carl Philipp von Essen, 1754-1813, 122.
63. Otto Gustav von Essen, 1755 – I… 131.
64. Carl Alexander Georg von Essen, 1792-1826, 132.
65. Anna Karolina Meta von Essen, I793-I876, 134.
I. Haus Naukschen
II. Jurgen von Essen, 1629-1655, 136.
66. Alexander von Essen, 1652-1728, 144.
67. Magdalena von Essen, 16..-1757, 156.
68. Otto Wilhelm von Essen, I675-I726, 157-
69. N.N. von Essen, I678-I68O, 159.
70. Alexander von Essen, I…-17.., 160.
71. Caspar Ludwig von Essen, I…-17.., 161.
72. Christina von Essen, I692-I…, 162.
73. Sophia Christina von Essen, 1714-1…, I63.
74. Alexander von Essen, 1716-1794, 164.
75. Adam Ludwig von Essen, 1705-1…, 170.
76. Gustav Johann von Essen, 17. .-17… 171.
77. Alexander Reinhold von Essen, 1719-1790, 172.
78. Paul Ludwig von Essen, I748-I769, 174.
79. Jakobina Margaretha von Essen, 1750-1752, 175.
80. Alexander Wilhelm von Essen, 1751-1760, 176.
81. Otto Johann von Essen, 1754-1760, 177.
82. Charlotta Catharina Christina von Essen, 1757-1843,. 178.
83. Hans Carl von Essen, I759-I76O, 179-
84. Philipp Alexander von Essen, 1762-1…, 180.
85. Otto Wilhelm von Essen, I747-I,.., 181.
86. Alexander von Essen, 1748-1805, 182.
87. Gustav Reinhold von Essen, 1750-1751, 184.
88. Ulrika Margaretha von Essen, 1751-1824, 185.
89. Carl Johann von Essen, 1753-1757, 187.
90. Catharina Renata von Essen, 1759-1800, 188.
91. Juliane Catharina Dorothea von Essen, 1786-1…, I89.
92. Alexander Carl von Essen, 1787-1812, 190.
93. Caroline Clementine Margarethe von Essen, 1788-1..,. 191.
94. Timotheus Carl Reinhold von Essen, 1789-I8II, 192.
95. Christer Wilhelm von Essen, 1791-1792, 193.
96. Margaretha Charlotta Catharina von Essen, 1792-1..,.. 194.
97. Dorothea Amoena von Essen, 1793-1795, 195.
98. Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Essen, 1795-1815, 196.
99. Louise von Essen, 1798-1815, 197.
100. Friederike von Essen, 1…-1…, 198.
101. Anna von Essen, 1…-1…, 199»
102. Dorothea von Essen, 1802-1804, 200.
1. Ewert Guatav /1673-1…/, s.Nr.41.
2. N.N./16..-1675/, s.Nr.42.
5. Gotthard Wlhelm /1676-I73O/, s.Nr.43.
4. Magdalena SoЈhia /1679-1751/, s.Nr.44.
5. Anna Wilhelmina /16..—1…/, s.Nr.45.
1.Family archives. Self-handige note of the father: "Anno 1644 19 Februarij keggen the Montagk between Klock 1 vndt 2 my son Gotthartt Wilhelm is born to Weldtt. The 23 Februarij is ehr has been to getaufet Rewell to Sankto Nikolawy churches. His Pahtten geweszen as folgett: Manszpehrsohne seindtt. 1.Top Johan Eberhartt of Billingszhuszen. 2.Landtradtt Hansz Wrangell. 3.0 rupture Reinholdtt Wrangell. 4.Hansz Brackell, Knight Creates Their Commander. 5.Berendtt Liewe, Rietmeister. 6.Arrendtt Metztacken, Landradtt. 7.Hansz Hinrich Tieshszenhuszen, Landradtt. 8.0 tte Wilhelm Taubbe, Landratt. 9.Hennigk Grasz, Supreme. 10.Gristoffer Woldeck, Manrichter. 11.Reinholdtt Nierodtt. 12.Gristoffer Knhrszell. The Frauwszperson. 1J.Ellin Horn, mens Landtradtt Otto Vxkell of Padenorm libe Hausz-frauw. 14-Anna Earrenszbach. 15.Elisabedtt Kuhrsell, Johan Derfeldtt marital Hauszfrauw. 16.Elisabedtt Wrangell, Berendtt of Saltzen marital Eauszfrauw, 17.Could Wrangell, Blasziusz Hochgrewen marital Hauszfrauw”.
Self-handige note of the Alexander von Essen tjun. : "Anno 1644 19 Pebrua: against Montagk between Klocke 1 and 2 my brother Gothart Wilhelm is born. His godparents: Obrister Johan Eberhart of Bullingszhauszen, Obrister Hans Wrangel, Obrister Reinhold Wrangel, Arent Metztacken, Obrister, Hans Hinderich Tisenhusen, General-Mayor vnd Landratt, Hennig Grass, Obrister, Otto Wilhelm dove, bandrahtt, Hans Brackell, Landratt, Berent Liwe, Riding-master, Gristoffer Waldeck, Manrichter, pure Nirod Holt, Christoff, he Curschell, Helena Horn, Anna Parensbach, Elizabeth Kur-schell, Elisabet Wrangell, Could Wrangell".
2. The Higher Regional Court, File No. 696.
3. Upper District Court File No. 697"
4. Bfl.ll, no. 952.
No. 67. Magdalena from Essen /daughter of No,ll/.
Born...... bury.1657,January 19, in the St. Nikolai Church in Tallinn, at the same time with your father /1/.
1.KB.St.Nikolai in Tallinn, see above page 137" note 3.
No. 68. Qtto Wilhelm Essen /son of no. 66/.
Geb.ca. 1б75 .......... , gest.1726 ,ilai 2 /1/.
Dtud.in Dorpat, 1690,August /2/; kgl.Swed.A member in the Livonia of infantry battalion Stackelberg 1700,October 22; Kapitan 1704 /3/; lived in 1717, to the Good of his Onicels Kapitans Karl Gustav von Koskull — Ostrominsky /1/.
verm.1.............. with Charlotte von Brackel, born. .............
.., d ............. /after 17o9/, daughter of Colonel Otto
Priedrich von Brackel and Magdalena Dorothea, geb.of Rezdorff /4/.
verm.II. 1717.July 1 /1/ with Ulrika Eleonora of Patkul
geb.1683,December 29, ....... .............. , Daughter
of the kgl. Swed. Ко s met Jurgen von Patkul to over paint and the yard to the field and Katharina Elisabeth, born.of Preytag-Loringhoven /5/.
In I-ster before it was milled 1702 ............... with Ghrister
Reinhold von Schlippenbach, born ...... please 17l6,June
24, at prederik hall, kgl.Swed.Colonel, a member /6/, and in 3-th marriage in 1732 ...... with Erich Diedrich of roses, born. ..... .. ..... , estl. Knighthood of the main man 1717 — I72O.
Sun I-ster marriage:
1. Adam Ludwig /I705-I.../, p. It.75.
2. Gustav Johann /17..-17../, p. Kr.76.
Son of 2nd marriage:
3. Alexander Reinhold /1719-1790/, s. no. 77.
1. News about the noble race of food, compiled by Moritz von V/rangell. A copy of the Livlan foreign Landraths-Gollegium kept Original. Manuscript.
2. Mittheilungen from the areas of history, Liv-, Est -, and Kurlands, published by the society for history and the days of the ancients a customer of the Baltic provinces of Russia, Vol.12, page 313.
3. Lewenhaupt, Karl XII:s Officerare, page 18%
4. Estl.Knighthood Archive, Regesta Osten-Sacken,V, 1711-1785"
5. Yearbook for genealogy, Heraldry and Sigillography, 1911,1912 and 1913, Mitau, 1914, page 494 et seq.: For the older history of the
Иг. 69. N. N. Essen /daughter of no. 66/.
Geb.l678,December 16, in ....... , gest.1680, July 27, in . ..
1.The archives of the Pamilie von Stackelberg, Bd.I, St. Petersburg, I898, Page 80.
No 70. Alexander from Essen /son of Жг.66/.
Born ........ .........
Kgl. Swed.A member of the Stackelberg's Livonia's infantry-regiment; ubergefuhrt in the Uppland of infantry-Regiment 17o5,June 28; as a Member 17o6,November confirmed 5 Kapitan; was in Russian captivity /1710/ /1/.
1.Lewenhaupt, Karl XII:s Officerare, page 181.
Nr.71" Caspar__Ludwig__Easen /son of no. 66/.
Born ..... , /? like 17o8,September 28, in the battle of Liesna/ /1/.
volontar in Eerike and Vennesland.en infantry Regiment; Pahnrich 17o5,October 28; as Pahnrich. 17o6,February 6 /2 confirmed/.
1. According to other sources he was still in 1710 in Russian captivity /p. above, no. 66/.
2. Lewenhaupt, Karl XII:s Officerare, page 181.
No. 72. Christina from eat /daughter of no. 66/.
Get.1692.May JO, in Naukschen /1/...............
1.KB.Rujen, Bd.l, Seite 155: "well,: 1б92 H. Obristl.von Essen K/ind/, N/ame/ Christian d.JOE.May. P/aten/: J. von StackelDerg, H. Leut. Henrioh Plater".
No. 224. Carl Friedrich Magnus von Essen /Sohn von Kr. 192/. Russisch "Karl Karlowitsch" genannt.
Through the GEB.185I,18 Oktober in Kesterzeem,.get.November 21 /and/ gesture. I9I5,Juni 3" in Raivola /Finnland/ /2/, beerdigt auf dem griech. -orth. Smolenslcischen Friedhof in St .Saint-Petersburg. When Moltke des 91.Dwinskisehen'infanterie-Regiments 1869,May 15; Junker der'infanterie-Junkerschule in Helsingfors 1869,September II; ubergefuhrt in das 90.0 negache'infanterie-Regiment I87I,Juni 30; Portepee-Juncker I87I,Julie 2; Fahnrich 1872,November 2; zukommandiert dem 91 .Kinskisehen'infanterie-Regiment 1873,Juni And; Regiments-Jalonneur-Offizier 1873, Dezember 8; ubergefuhrt in das 91 .Dwinskische'infanterie-Regiment 1874, Februar 8; Unterleutenant 1875,April 19; Regiments-Adjutant 1876,13 Januar; leutenant 1877,Juni 4; zukommandiert dem Reserve-Bataillon des Leib-Garde Regiments Ssemenowschen 1877,Dezember 8; Kommandierender der 2.Company 1878,Januar 21; Unterleutenant Reserve des Bataillons des Leib-Garde Regiments Ssemenowschen 1878, August 2; Unterleutenant des Leib-Garde Regiments Ssemenowschen 1878,November 12; Saint.Stanislaus-Orden 3.Klasse 1879,August 30; der St zukommandiert.Petersburger Kommandatur-Verwaltung 1879, November 25; St.Petersburger Platz-Adjutant 1880,October 7; Adjutant der St.Petersburger Kommandatur-Verwaltung 1884,May 6; Leutenant 1884,August 30; Saint.Annen-Orden 3.Klasse 1886,August 30; Stabskapitgn 1889,August 30; der St Sekretgr.Petersburger Kommandatur-Verwaltung 189I, May 4; Saint .Stanislaus-Orden 2.Klasse 1891,August 30; serbischer Takow-Orden 4.Klasse I8QI,November; bucharischer Orden des Goldenen Sterns 3.Klasse 1894,27 Januar; St. Annen-Orden 2.Klasse 1894,August 30; silberne Cigaretten-Dose mit dem goldenen Reichswappen und Brillanten 1894, September 3; griechischer Erloser-Orden 4.Klasse 1894,November 16; preussischer Kronen-Orden 3.Klasse 1895, Januar 10; persischer Lowen-und Sonnen-Orden 3.Klasse 1895,Januar 10; Captain mit der Zuzahlung zur Garde-'infanterie 1895,April 2; Medaille des Kaisers Alexander III. 1896,Mar 22; Medaille fur die I-ste allgemeine Volkszghlung 1897,St. 12; Kronungs-Medaille 1897,Mar 24; oesterreichischer Orden der Eisernen Krone 3.Klasse 1897,Julie 30; Saint.Vladimir-The Order Of 4.Klasse 1897Dezember 6; bulgarischer.Alexander Orden;3.Klasse 1898,Julie 26; Medaille des Roten Kreuzes; Stabsoffizier der Oberst und St.Petersburger Kommanda-Tur-Verwaltung 1900,9 APR; Brillantring mit dem Chiffre Sei-ner Majestgt des Kaisers 1902,May And;.Vladimir-Orden 3.Klasse 1906,Mar 25; verabschiedet als Generalmajor und the myth of the Uniform Pension 1908,Mar 10; Medaille des 200—jahrigen Jubilaums des Poltawa-Sieges 1909; Medaille des 100-jahrigen Jubilaums des Vaterlandischen Krieges 1812; Medaille und Abzeichen der erbliches 300-jahrigen Regierung des Hauses Romanov 1913; Medaille mit der Offiziers-Kette des 200-jahrigen Jubilaums des Sieges in der Seeschlacht bei Hangцudd 1914 /3/.
verm. 1830,Juli 20, in Sortavala /Pinnland/ /4/, the myth of Sophia IwanownaMoldakow, geb. 1860,Juni 18, in Sortavala, get.Julie 3 /5/ gesture. 1912,April 12, in St. Saint Petersburg, beerdigt auf dem griech.-orth. Smolenskischen Friedhof in St.Saint Petersburg, powerful sound of the orchestra des Ivan Agafonowitsch Moldakow und der Lawrentjewna Maria, geb. Gajewski.
1. Alexander /1881-1882/ s no. .249-
2. Elena /GEB. 1882/ s / Nr 250.
3. Nicholas /GEB.1885/, s. n .251. ‘
4. Alexandra /the BBB.1890/ s no. .252.
5. George /I892-I9I5/ s.ljr.253-
6. Nina /I89.-I89-/, s. n .254.
1. KP.Orlando, FL, Born and Baptized in the year 1851, no. 109: "in 1851, born 18,October, 10 o'clock at night, baptized the 21. November, Carl Friedrich Magnus, son of the beach-Capitains H-Carl von Essen and his wife Wilhelmine, geb.Heyde mountain, ev.-luth.Confession, baptized, v., Pastor loci, in their own home. Paranormals: the Baron and the knight Friedrich of the dove, representative of Compagnie-Commandeur of the Ventspils border-customs-guard Carl of Pakison /both by means of a written Declaration/ Mr Arrendator Rohrich from Opoley and Madame Marie lame".
2. Death notices in "Novoye Y/remja", no I409I and 14092. Certification: Major-General Karl Karlovich of eating a wide variety of at 8 o'clock in the morning, the 3-th of June of this year, in Raiwola. This certifies with its Sub-documents as Protojerei of the Church of the Own of His Imperial Majestgt Joann Weniaminow. The 3. Juhi 1915. Raiwola.
Dying testimony. Name: Karl Karlovich of food. Age: 61 Years. Or occupation: Major-General a. d. year, month, and day of death: 3/VI. I9I5. Disease: Tumor, glioma. ventric. /Cancer ?/. Heart paralysis. Raiwola d. 3.June 1915. J. Gorschelnik, Circle Doctor.
3. The service list.
4. KB.the Greek-Catholic Church in Sortavala, Married in the year 1880, no. IO: "of The 20.July. Under a member of the body guard ssemenow's regiment, Karl Karlovich of food, place of residence: St .Petersburg, luth.Conf ession, single, 27 Years old, and the daughter of a merchant of the city of Sortavala Ivan Agafonowitsch Moldalcow Sophia Ivanovna, Greece.-Catholic.Confession, unmarried, 20 Years old. Married by the priest Segij Okulov with the Kuster Ivan Nikolsky. Witnesses for the groom: St. Petersburger Platz-Adjutant guard-a Member of Manuel Pachomowitsch Golowkow and the same city classes-artist Nil Alexeyevich Gogolinski; — frr the bride: the town of Sortavala is a businessman Nikita Agafonowitsch Moldalcow and the city of St .Petersburg personal honor Burger, Michael Ivanovich Perepelkin" .
5. KB.the Greek-Catholic Church in Sortavala, Born in 1860, no. 16: "Born the I8.June, baptized the 3. July, Sophia. Parents: the city of Sortavala merchant Ivan Agafonowitsch Moldakow and His wife Maria Lawrentjewna, both Greek.-Catholic.Cofession. Godparents: the same city Nikita Agafonowitsch Moldalcow and wife of businessman Lawrentij Gajewski Irina Andreevna. Baptized by the priest Peodor Lvov with the deacon Vasily Petro-Pavlovsky, Diatschek Vasily Sassimowski and Ponomar Vasily Uspensky".
No. 225. Charlotte Dorothea Ernestine Essen. /Daughter of Hr.192/.
Geb.1853,September 22, in Kesterzeem, get.October 29 /i/. Rule noble Fraulein pen,Llebte in 1939, and raised in Kharkov, in Toropetz.
1.KB.Orlando, FL, directory of Born and Baptized in 1853, no. 131: "Geb.d.22.September, 2 o'clock in the Afternoon, get.d.29.October, Charlotte Dorothea Ernestine, T. the beach capitans Carl v. food & his wife, Wilhelmine, geb.Heath Berger, ev.-luth., baptized by Almost.Seiler in the home. Paranormals: Doris Rahrich, wife of the Arrendators from Ohschelen, Julie Klein, woman of the wilderness, heater, Friedrich Rohrich, Arrendator from Ohschelen".
No. 251. Nikolai Essen /the son of no 224/.
The German preparation school, Ms. Schubert, and the real-gymnasium of the Supreme Miretzki in St. Petersburg; a cadet of the Alexander cadet corps in St. Petersburg, 1895-1903; Junker of the Paul military school in 1903,August 31 attended; Sergeant in 1904,and September 10; Portepee-Junker 1904"October 24; eldest Portepee-Junker 1904,to November 24; a member of the body-Gade ssemenow's regiment 1905,April 22; took part in the oppression of the uprising in Moscow, and was slightly wounded in the right Hand by a shot in 1905,"December; St. Stanislaus order 3.Class Of I906,May 27; Adjutant of the I. battalion in 1908: the curator of the regimental Museum and regimental archive; the Chevalier's cross of the Bulgarian military order of merit in 1909,and March 15; a member in 1909,April 22; Poltava-anniversary-medal 1709-1909; and the anniversary medal of the Patriotic war of I8I2-I9I2; rod Kapitan 1913,April 22; Romanov anniversary medal I6I3-I9I3; commander of the 3rd company of the regiment. -Cutter "Ssemenowetz" 1914; Hangoudd-anniversary medal with the officer's chain I7I4-I9I4; mobilization medal 1914; took part in the world wars on the following Fight: 1914 — in the case of Lublin /August 20-31/; in the case of the Ersturmung the Bridge on the river San in Krzeschow /September 2/; in the case of the fortress of Ivangorod /October 10-13/ and in Krakow /Novomber-December/; 1915 — Lomsha /February-June/, - Holm /July-August/, Vilnius /August 16 -September 3/ and Smorgon; 1916 — on the river Stochod, the Mr home Welitzk under Kovel, the villages Swinjuchi, Bubnow and Schelwow and the city of Vladimir-Volhynsk; 1917-in the village of Konjuchi and in the town of Tarnopol in Galicia; in the fight at the village of Swinjuchi 1916,September 8, he was returned at the head kontusio; St. Annen-Orden 3.Class with swords and bow 1914 /2/; St. Vladimir order of 4.Class with swords and bow /for the Kapf 1914,October 13, at the village Gzarny-Las/ 1915 /3/; swords and loop to the St. Stanislaus order 3.Class of 1915, A/; 3t.Stanislaus-Orden 2.Class with swords in 1915 /5/; St. Annen-Orden 2.Class with swords in 1915; St. Annen-Orden 4.Class "for bravery" 1916 /6/; the commander of the company of His Majesty the Emperor, 1915; Captain 1916, July; Colonel, 1916,September, 28; commander of the I. battalion in 1917; eldest Colonel and Deputy regimental commander in 1917; Member of the St. Petersburg Genealogical society, the Imperial Russian military-Historical society since I9IO V. 7., Real member of the same since 1913, V. I5. and a member of the Moscow Historical-Genealogical society since I9II XI-26.; 1919 1.29. to the archivists of the state Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, but has not competed this office; was crowned in December 1920 as the Optant from Petersburg to Estonia; Estonian nationality since 1920; lived 1920-1927 in Dorpat, 1927-1939 in Tallinn; assistant of Estonia's knight shaft Baron genealogists Georges Wrangeil; The author of the gender register of the estandischen enrolled nobility; a member, founder and honorary member of the Tartu Genealogical society; member of the genealogical section of the Estonia's literary society; employee of the A/G. "Union" 1928 IX. 15. — 1930 X. I5.; Genealogical of the matriculation Commission of the Estonia's Public-good Association, 1927-1939; author of the "Handbook of the Oeseischen knighthood", the "news uber /gender Ungern-Sternberg, Nachtrgge III. and IV., the tribe of the family of Dehn panels", etc., together with Dr. Paul Johansen, the "Revaler conduct book I5I5-I626"; left 1939,November 4, as the settlers Tallinn and came up with the ship "Oceana" in November 7 to Stettin; has lived since 1939,and November 8, in poznań; Empire of German nationality since 1939, November 10 /einburgerung certificate no. 8993/; since I940,February 15, Deputy serene of the country, tribe, place in Poznan, a member of the labour front, and the NSI; a member of the Historical society in the wartheland; appointed member of the Department of genealogy and kinship a customer of the regional studies research centre of the Reichsgaues Wartheland in 1943,Mgrz; war merit cross, II class of 1943,on January 30.
verm. 1907,September 16, in St. Petersburg /7/, with Rita Paetz, born.1039,April 14, in St. Petersburg, get.May 14 /l/, daughter of Gustav Paetz and Pelageya Pavlovna, born.Luzegerski.
She graduated in 1906, the Vassily Ostrov cal Girls high school in St. Petersburg, was arrested in 1919 by Bolsheviks, and only after 4 months from the prison in St. Petersburg exempt, I9I9-I920 employees of the shipbuilding Commission in Petersburg, the Estonian state corresponding budding since 1920, completed in 1927,may 29, as a free artist, the Conservatory of music in Tartu, since then, music - and theory-Mehrerin, budding Empire of German nationality since 1939,November 10, a member of the Reich chamber of music , the NSV and of the woman plant. Children:
1. Nikolai /geb. 1908/ p. ITr.272.
2. Irina /geb.1918/, s. Kr.273.
1. KB.The gr,-orth.Spasso-Pargolowschen Church circle to St. Peters burg, Baptized in the year 1885, no. 54: "Born in d. 2.July, baptized.d. 21.July, Nikolai. Parents: Adjutant of the St. Petersburg Headquarters-Verwaltimg, a Member of the body-guard ssemenow's regiment, Karl Karlovich von Essen and his wife Sophia Ivanovna, he evang.-luth., you Greek.-orth. Denomination. Sponsors: Honorary citizen Nikolai Ilyich Kirpitschnikow and Mrs Major Mina Ivanovna of food".
2. "Russki Invalid", 1914, No. 246. 3/ The "Russki Invalid", 1915, No. 38.
4. "Russki Invalid", 1915, No. 105-
5. "Russki Invalid", I9I5-. No 106.
6. "Russki Invalid", 1916, No. 219.
7. KB.the gr.-orth.Andrew's Cathedral on Vasilievsky Ostrov, St. Petersburg, part I, Baptized in 1889, no. 82: "Born d. 14.April, baptized d. I4.May, Raissa, parents: Welikoustjuger is a merchant within the Guild, Gustav Christianovich Paetz, Lutheran, and his wife, Pelageya Pavlovna, gr.-orth. Sponsors: The St. Petersburg Merchant 2.Guild Alexei Vasil clapping Popov and Raisa Timofejewna Andreev, Counsellor widow. Baptized by the priest Blagoweschtschenski and Psalm anger Feodor Antonov". "The certificate of baptism mentioned virgin Raisa Gustavowna Paetz was d. 16. September, 1907 married by the clergy of the Church of the cadet corps of Emperor Alexander II. with the under a member of the body-guard ssemenow's regiment Nikolai Karlovich of food. Priest Nicholas Rudinski, Deacon Andrei Lavrentiev. /Stamp of the healing.Ssergej and Hermann-Church at the Alexander cadet corps in St. Petersburg".
No. 252. Alexandra von Essen /daughter of Hr.224/. Born,1890, may 17, in St .Petersburg. (+ July 25, 1965, in Middleser. England)
Educated in the Smolna monastery in St. Petersburg; the English nationals since 1925; lives in London.
verm.1915,September 9, in St. Petersburg, with Alexander Adolph Eduard Stelp, geb.1869,may 26, in Riga, get.June 15 /i/, gest.1952,June 30, in London, quay.russ.Actual state councillor, knight of St. Vladimir order of 4.Class of the St. Stanislaus order 3.Class, the chief of the Pirma "Stelp & Leighton" in London.
No. 252. Alexandra von Essen /daughter of Hr.224/. Born,1890, may 17, in St .Petersburg. (+ July 25, 1965, in Middleser. England)
Educated in the Smolna monastery in St. Petersburg; the English nationals since 1925; lives in London.verm.1915,September 9, in St. Petersburg, with Alexander Adolph Eduard Stelp, geb.1869,may 26, in Riga, get.June 15 /i/, gest.1952,June 30, in London, quay.russ.Actual state councillor, knight of St. Vladimir order of 4.Class of the St. Stanislaus order 3.Class the chief of the Pirma "Stelp & Leighton" in London.
KB.St.Gertrude in Riga, directory of Born and Baptized in 1869, Hr.156: "Born d. six and twentieth of may, I clock at Night, baptized d. fifteenth of June, Adolph Eduard Alexander Stelp. Ev.-luth.Parents: police archivist Eduard Stelp and his wife, Caroline, Juliane, geb.Liebkowsky. Paranormals: Kronsfarster Adolph Liebkowsky, Kaufmann, Georg Goldmann, Frl.Johanna Liebkowsky. In the Gertrud Church, baptized by /Pastor/ V/.The basement".
No. 272. Nikolai Essen /son of no. 251/.
Russian "Nikolai Nikolaevich".
Geb.1908,December 19 / 1909, and January I, in St .Petersburg, get.1909,February 2 /l/.
Attended the Russian Gymnasium in Dorpat; stud.jur.in Dorpat; an employee of the gas factory "roses & Co." in Tallinn; came in 1941 with the nachsied lung from Estonia to Germany; interpreter at the Reich Ministry for the occupied Eastern territories in 1942; currently, in the city of Mozyr ' in White-Ruuhenien /Ukraine/; Empire of the German nationals origer .
KB.d.gr.-orth.Church Born in one's Own Palace of His Imperial Majesty in St. Petersburg, Born in 1909, part I, Nee, no. I: "d. 19.December, 1908, baptized d. 2.February 1909-Nikolai. Parents: a Member of the body-guard ssemenow's regiment Nikolai Karlovich von Essen and his wife, Raisa Gustavowna, both of gr.-orth. Denomination. Godparents: Hereditary nobleman Georg Karlovich of food and the daughter of the Welikoustjugschen merchant I-th Guild virgin Anna Gustavowna Raetz".
M. wife married Liselotte Raupeler. Vtrwitwele Laudherr, geb. in Hamburg, d. 31 Oct.1915. on may 1954.
Son of Alexander, gebor.in Munchen, d. 13 may 1955
No 273t Irina from Essen / daughter of no. 251/.I
Geb.1918,December 25 / 1919,January 7, in St. Petersburg, /l/, baptized in 1919,February 2 /2/’. The Elise attended school in Tallinn; an employee at a freight forwarding company "Oskar Stude" in Tallinn; came up with the resettlement from Estonia to Germany in 1939,November 6; rich German state nationals; employed by the S. D. in poznań since 1940; member of the Prauenwerkes.
1. The Registrar's office at the Sowdep of the I. district in Petrograd, register of births, Born in 1920,ITr.1042: "Irina, born in d. 7.January 1919, in Petrograd. Parents: Nikolai and Raisa eat burgers".
2. KB.the gr.-orth.Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg.
РОДОСЛОВНОЕ ДРЕВО фон ЭССЕН.
1 row — 2nd from left A. V. Kolchak. 3 row from left, Nicholas II, together with the Emperor — N. About.von Essen.
Inspecting the ships of mine division at the Peterhof RAID in may 1907.
Monarchical favor to the commanders and officers of the Royal thanks and a monetary reward every man was rating hard work of the personnel division. The need to reform the fleet has become increasingly obvious to both the marine Minister and the state Defense Council. The General opinion was inclined to unite separate groups under command of the uniform chief with a staff. The streamlining of the structure and management of the Maritime forces was also required by the anticipated replenishment of the fleet. Continued construction of battleships "Andrew", "Emperor Paul I", cruisers" Bayan "and" Pallada", mine transport" Yenisei "and" Amur", were handed over to the fleet of gunboats" Sivuch"," Beaver"," Korean"," Gilyak", the first diesel submarines" Lamprey "and"Shark". In Toulon ended the test armored cruiser " Admiral Makarov "from England came" Rurik", which became the strongest ship and flagship of the Baltic fleet. Needed new ideas and the will to build ships of assorted efficient fleet.
The choice Of marine Minister I. M. Dikov, General staffs and Nicholas II met on the rear Admiral Essen. On 24 November 1908, he was appointed chief of the United forces as chief of the Baltic sea Maritime forces. Began a new phase in the history of the Baltic fleet, from which waited for the revival of its combat power. Plans and views N. About. Essen found full understanding from the appointed chief of staff captain 1st rank K. V. Stetsenko — old friend of his in Port Arthur. In an effort to extend the Navy orders 1st Mine division with its spirit of militancy, Nikolai Inc. strongly appointed to the staffs on ships and in connection libasci their commanders and specialists. It was, indeed, a time of undefeated heroes of Port Arthur and Tsushima, the Lieutenant, who had matured early in the crucible of war. Assenovska the division took the commander of the port Arthur, Diana Prince, A. L., Lieven, 2nd Mine is headed by the former commander of the "Emerald" Baron V. N. Fersen is the one in the Tsushima stole his ship from the Admiral surrendered Nebogatova and saved the flag and the team from captivity. Another St. George's cavalier — M. F. Schultz Essen requested the creation of a Squad of minelayers. George knight K. A. Porembski, A. F. Titov, L. K. Tesche, S. V. Notch S. N. Dmitriev, E. I. Krinitsky began to command the most valuable ships. Stuck in the repair of "thunder", "Diana", "Aurora" were entrusted to experienced commanders of the 1st Mine-Ls Maksimov, FA Vyatkin, PN. Leskov, and the oldest, but the strongest of the gunboats "Brave" — AI Nepenin.
Since may 1909, rear Admiral Essen has withdrawn the heterogeneous forces of the fleet in a single order, training the team to joint action. This campaign was created by a squad of minelayers, the party trawling in the Baltic sea. In November, it was approved the "regulations of the coastal observation posts and stations," which was legalized already started on the fleet, captain 2nd rank-by Apenninum system of observation and communication. Over time, it has become important. The delay in the construction of ships are not allowed to rely on the imminent creation of teams of battleships and cruisers, and the implementation of plans for other types of weapons. However, gradually the acute shortage of seafarers after Tsushima decreased. To improve training Essen in 1910 set the task to go out into the sea with melting ice and return late in the fall, the title of specialists of the 2nd class to assign officers only after the exam. To create a reserve of non-commissioned officers established a school in Jung Kronstadt.
In December 1909 Essen was appointed head of the Baltic sea force, and since may 1911 — commander of the Baltic fleet. In the system fighting training ships and sequences fleet Admiral N. O. von Essen adhered to two famous mottos of his teacher: "at sea means at home" and "Remember the war". Turning these mottos S. O. Makarov in the principles of military training, Nikolai Inc. made a rule in the beginning on the mine division, and then to the entire Baltic fleet to sail to the sea to fulfill combat tasks, and less to be in the database. Thanks to his perseverance, combat crew training continued in winter. Even the torpedo boats began to sail in ice conditions. The ships mastered the entire water area of the Baltic sea, learned to swim at any time of the year and in any weather, at night, including in skerries without pilots, which used to be considered impossible at all. Each trip worked out skills bilateral artillery combat, torpedo attacks, minefields and interaction with the troops. This work has required a tremendous effort and was the result of the outstanding talents of the Admiral, as the organizer and the person with the gift of initiative in performance of assigned tasks.
It was necessary to carry out fundamental reforms in the organization and activities of the fleet, to prepare personnel for ships under construction. A major achievement of Essen was the subordination to the needs of the fleet activities of all port institutions. In this radical breakage firmly established views on the role and purpose of the fleet is a huge merit Essen — a direct follower of Admiral S. O. Makarov. In April, 1913, N. O. von Essen was promoted to Admiral.
Particularly cared N. O. von Essen on fleet training. Thanks to him the team was composed of A. V. Kolchak (hydrography), I. I. Rengarten (communications, radio), Prince A. A. liven and Baron V. N. Fersen (command of mine division). In 1912, Kolchak was invited by rear Admiral von Essen to serve in the Headquarters of the Baltic fleet. Kolchak took command of the destroyer “Usuries”. In December 1913, for the excellent service he was promoted to captain 1-St rank. Von Essen appoints Kolchak for the post of flag-captain of the operative part of a Staff and together they develop plans to prepare for possible war with Germany at sea.
6 Dec 1913 "for distinguished service" Alexander was promoted to captain 1-St rank and after 3 days had already been appointed acting head of the operational Department of the headquarters of the commander of sea forces of the Baltic fleet on July 14, Kolchak began to sing at the headquarters Essen the duties of flag-captain on the operational side. On this day, Kolchak was awarded the French Legion of honor — I came to Russia with the visit of the French President R. Poincare A. V. Kolchak, who had an amazing ability to make the most unexpected and always witty, and sometimes ingenious plans of operations, did not recognize any boss except Essen, to whom he always directly reported. The relations established at the headquarters Essen, Kolchak gave the possibility of active intervention in various areas of fleet management and contributed to the rapid acquisition of Kolchak's authority among the officers that prefer strong and active methods of struggle
Restless character N. O. von Essen was manifested to the very last days of his life. In the summer of 1914 he began mine performances in the Gulf of Finland, contrary to the prohibition of the Emperor. Since the beginning of the war he personally led the production of defensive mine barriers on the outskirts of Petrograd and other Russian ports in the Baltic. In the autumn of 1914 the headquarters of Essen decided to use the weakening of vigilance on the part of the Germans, confident in the passive tactics of the Russian naval forces, and with the help of a permanent job destroyers "to fill mine all the German coast." Kolchak developed an operation on a mine blockade of German naval bases. The first mines were placed in October 1914 near Memel, and on November 4 near this mine Bank the German cruiser "Friedrich Karl"went to the bottom. In November, a Bank was also placed near Bornholm island at the end of December 1914, near the island of rügen and a Bank of Stolpe on the routes by which German ships were coming from Kiel, the production of minefields was carried out, in which captain Kolchak took an active part. Subsequently on mines "Augsburg" and light cruiser "Gazelle" were blown up»
By the autumn of 1914, convinced of the reliability of the defense of Petrograd from the sea, Nikolai Ottovich von Esen at his own risk began to actively mine the naval bases and communications of the enemy. These mines, once in mine "bag", was blown up on 11 November 1915, seven German destroyers.
Admiral Nikolay Ottovich Essen, the youngest full Admiral in the history of Russia, the most talented pupil and follower of S. O. Makarov, the last among the outstanding naval commanders of the Russian fleet. Von Essen's WORDS that "the fleet exists only for war, and because everything that has nothing to do with combat training should be discarded, as not only unnecessary, but also harmful", from the first days of the First world began to be fully implemented. However, in October 1914, the commander of the Baltic fleet felt themselves bound hand and foot. It issued an order prohibiting hostilities from the enemy's shores and the use of new battleships. Nevertheless, mining continued throughout the autumn and winter, and the German fleet suffered significant losses. During this period, the Emperor awarded Nikolai Ottovich the order of the White eagle, and then the order of St. George 3rd degree.
The incessant bombings in the Russian mines, warships and transports completely disrupted shipping between Sweden and Germany. Was closed on the oldest ferry crossing Sassnitz – Trelleborg. After the loss of 15 ships of the German Union of shipowners were in despair and even demanded the withdrawal of one of the Imperial naval commanders — Admiral of the Bering — the post commander of the applicable unit.
Instead of taking down Bering flagship special purpose was appointed rear Admiral Gopman-the one that was the German naval attaché in Port Arthur. But the change of the commander did not bring the Kaiser's fleet in the Baltic tangible success.
Giving all himself to the cause, Essen did not care much about his health, he still tried to act vigorously. On 1 may he went on the destroyer to revel and seriously caught cold on a cold Baltic wind finally came down with lobar pneumonia. On the third day doctors in revel recognized position dangerous, and 7 (20) on may 1915 year N. Oh. von Essen died.
Destroyer the Guard in 1915.The funeral of Nikolai Inc. von Essen. On deck the second from left is A. in Kolchak.
Favorite Essen destroyer "the Guard" was taken followed by the St. George guard the ashes of the Commander of the English quay in Petrograd. At huge confluence of the people and troops the coffin on a carriage for six horses proceeded from the Church of the Saviour-on-waters on Novodevichy cemetery. Mourning ribbon with the words: "the Glorious defender of St. Andrew's flag, the pride of the Russian fleet" and gun salute became an expression of sorrow and gratitude to the whole of Russia to the Creator of the new Baltic fleet. The death of the Admiral was a heavy blow to the Russian Navy. The overall impression of the sailors of the Baltic fleet expressed I. Rengarten: "Now is not the main thing, the soul died, no master". Eternal memory to the memorable naval commander, the Creator of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Essen Inc.! The time will come and Russia will put him a monument along with our other glorious naval commanders: Ushakov, Senyavin, Nakhimov, Kornilov and Makarov.
Admiral Nikolai von Essen always stood out exceptional personal bravery, adhered to the most daring tactical decisions, proved to be a fearless and skillful naval commander. He repeatedly took responsibility for important decisions and always stood for the active use of the fleet and its weapons, in particular mine, was an opponent of the passive forms of warfare. He was convinced that "the fleet exists only for war, and therefore everything that is not related to combat training should be discarded as not only unnecessary but also harmful".
"I congratulate the Baltic fleet on the great day for which we live, which we have been waiting and preparing for. From this day on, each of us must forget all our personal Affairs and concentrate all our thoughts and will for one purpose — to defend the Homeland from the encroachments of the enemy and to fight with him without hesitation, thinking only about inflicting the most severe blows to the enemy, which are only possible. Fill each of us the greatest duty — his life to protect her integrity and let him follow the example of those who two hundred years ago with the great Emperor at the head of their exploits and blood put into these waters start to our fleet!"- From the order of the commander of the Baltic fleet N. Oh. Essen 19 July (1 August) 1914 in ties with start first world war.
In the social cataclysms that followed, the names of the heroes were lost, the oath of the marine Minister was forgotten to call the name of Admiral N. O. von Essen best of the new ships, and the fleet itself, the brainchild of the great Admiral, in a few years was ruined, in the bloody whirlwind of the Civil war died, as AV Kolchak or were scattered around the world cherished them admirals and commanders. And still Nikolay Inc. von Essen will return to the Russian Navy. And it is here, in the Baltic, where the legendary Admiral began his service. Now, after many decades, Russia pays tribute to the hero of Port Arthur, Russian-Japanese and World war 1.On July 8, 2011, the frigate Admiral Essen, the second ship of project 11356, was laid at the Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad.
It is assumed that the frigate will be adopted by the Russian Navy in 2014 and will carry a combat watch on the black sea fleet…
-B. L. Shalagin to Take the sea in your hands. Nizhny Novgorod, 1996
- Zhitkov K. Admiral N. Oh. von Essen. "Marine collection" № 6, 1915
-Berezovsky GN Yu., Dotsenko V. D., Tyurin B. P. Russian Imperial Navy, 1696-1917. Military-historical reference book. Moscow. One thousand nine hundred ninety six
— N. Skritsky.In. Russian admirals. Moscow. Two thousand
— Biographical dictionary of the marine.one N. von Essen
Anthony N. von Essen (29.07.1888-1917 ― the only son of the commander of the Baltic fleet Admiral N. Oh. von Essen was born in revel on July 29, 1888. on August 15, he was baptized in the Revel port Simeon Church, and the brother of his father, the collegiate assessor Antonii Ottovich von Essen (1863 – 1919) and the sister of his mother, the maiden Varvara Mikhailovna Vasilieva, became receptionists. In 1904 he left the real school of K. May and, following in his father's footsteps, entered The naval cadet corps, graduating in 1907. ranking is 27th out of 113-with a total average score of 10.46 on a 12-point system, made in the ship's midshipmen. 13.04.1908 G. promoted to warrant officer and enlisted in the 6th naval crew.
After swim training ship as Midshipman on the battleship "Tsarevich" (15 Jun 1907 4 APR 1908), in which the future officers took part in the rescue of the residents of the destroyed by the earthquake of Messina, was followed by the long awaited order for the production to warrant officer (13 April 1908). Short service on the training ship " Duke of Edinburgh "(may – September) was replaced by a long cruiser"Admiral Makarov". Over 4.5 years (October 6, 1908 to August 3, 1913) Anthony went from officer of the watch of senior Navigator (April 1910), have participated in overseas voyages. After the end of the temporary navigational courses at the Main hydrographic administration (1910 – 1911) he was enrolled in the navigational officers of the 2nd category, and a few months later – 1-th digit. On December 6, 1911 he was promoted to Lieutenant. Anyway, stubborn character, Anthony went to his father. And if combustflame watched (I must say — quite unfairly) on the submarine as "idle waste of iron, money and lives", then Anthony had a completely different opinion about the submarines. However, Nikolai Inc. the concept of "patronage" probably all in the head did not come... therefore he said, when the new Lieutenant of the Imperial Russian Navy Anthony von Essen Lebowski entered the Training squad of scuba diving
Information about future service Anthony N. von Essen:
«Watches'. the beginning and company commander of KR "Duke of Edinburgh" 30.04-30.09.1908. Enlisted in the Bracket. FL. half-scale 2.10.1908. Transferred to 1st Ball. FL. ci. 6.10.1908. Watches'. official., watches'. nach., with 29.05.1911 I. D. senior. assault. official. KR "Admiral Makarov" 6.10.1908-14.10.1910 and 12.05.1911-15.08.1913. Seconded on a temporary storm. rates at GSU 14.10.1910 after which it is enlisted in storm. official. 2nd time. 13.06.1911. In swimming the listener the assault. courses on US "Ocean" 2.03–12.05.1911. Promoted to Lieutenant 6.12.1911. Enlisted in the assault. official. 1st time. 9.01.1912. "3.07.1912 revel in the pleasure-gardens "New Slide" Lieutenant A. N. von Essen, noting the obscene behavior of the former in a state of intoxication of the ship's Midshipman A. M. Pokrovsky, ordered him immediately to go to the ship. Following along with Lieutenant A. N. von Essen on a steam boat in the Kyrgyz REPUBLIC "Thunderball", Am Pokrovsky insulted An von Essen in words. In response, could not help, A. N. von Essen struck, A. M., intercession with, and to avoid retaliation, which A. M. Pokrovsky tried to strike, was forced to take out a revolver and threatening to shoot, forced A. M. Pokrovsky sit still." Ship gardem. A. M. Pokrovskii sentenced 30.10.1912 Bracket. military.-pestilence. court "for non-execution of the order on negligent treatment and for insult with words of the officer" to imprisonment in fortress for 9 months, and the Lieutenant Essen "for insult by action of the ship gardemarin" is sentenced to imprisonment in fortress for four months. At the request of Naval Minister Admiral I. K. Grigorovich, 26.11.1912 yet been vouchsafed his Majesty's Lieutenant Essen release from further detention in the fortress, and A. M. Pokrovsky punishment reduced to one month. Released from Peter and Paul fortress 6.12.1912. The listener of the military.-pestilence. Department NMA 1.10.1913-20.07.1914. Due to the outbreak of war, classes of intangible assets was discontinued 07.1914. In swimming in KR "Admiral Makarov" 26.07-20.10.1914. Appointed to the post of Navigator officer on the training ship "Rynda". Further, with the advent of the Baltic submarine allies-the British, Antony (fluent in English, French and German) becomes 20.10.1914 g. officer for communication (Navigator-translator) English submarine E-9, which commanded a completely legendary figure — Lieutenant Horton (in the future-sir and Admiral).
20.10.1914-18.04.1916. Made to senior. Leith. for distinguished service 10.04.1916. Was the secondment to the operational Department at the beginning of the service when B. M. 30.05–20.06.1916 and staff official. temporary operational Department of the UPR. communication services B. M. 20.06–22.07.1916, the abandonment of overseeing the repair of eng. PL. Assigned to the flagship Navigator submarine division of the B. M. 19.07.1916 came from fleet eng. In PL division PL B. M. 22.07.1916. Flagship Navigator division B. M. 22.07.1916–2.02.1917.
Admitted to the command of the submarine "AG-14" 10.01.1917. The commander of PL "AG-14" 2.02.1917–09.1917. Appointed temporary commander of the transport "Oland" 5.03.1917, leaving in his post. Enrolled in the official. PP 19.09.1917.
During his fourth military campaign of AG-14 were missing from the entire team of 26 people and the commander of the boat with Lieutenant A. N. von Essen under unknown circumstances 09.1917 year blown on minefield, as reported by the Stockholm newspaper, the island of Gotska sandön. at a depth of 127 meters - this place is called the Gotland depression, in neutral waters with coordinates 58°26'9"N and 20 ° 24'11"O — here it is the grave of Lieutenant Anton Nikolaevich von Essen. After the death of the boat AG -14 immediately rumors that Baron allegedly passed her *brothers* to the Germans .Completely forgetting that von Essen had served Russia faithfully for over 200 years. The German command has not confirmed the rumors. Eternal memory to Him.
Awards: order of St. Stanislav 3 art. (1913), St. Anna 3 St. with swords and bow (1916), St. Vladimir 4 art. with swords and bow (1916); St. George's weapon (1915); medals; foreign. orders and medals.
Marital status. Wife: (22.04.1912) Tatiana Alexandrovna, ur. Kornilova [18.08.1890 ― 1942], the daughter of KAP II rank Alexander A. Kornilova [21.08.1864 ― 20.04.1904]. Children: Nicholas [11.07.1916-1940], died during the Soviet-Finnish war.
Nikolai Karlovich von Essen
Nikolai Karlovich von Essen.
he was born on July 2, 1885 in Shuvalovo estate (St. Petersburg province). His father, major General Karl Karlovich (Karl-Friedrich-Magnus. 1851-1915) was a adjutant-Commandant of the St. Petersburg administration, was married to Sofia Ivanovna Moldovei (1860-1912), a native of Finland ( Sortavala; until 1918 — Serdobol). The family had four children: Helen, Alexander, Nicholas and George. Von Essen family lived in the commandant's office of St. Petersburg on Sadovaya street, in the house № 3/5. In 1896 Nikolay entered the Alexander cadet corps, which he successfully graduated in 1903. August 31 the same year, he enrolled in the Pavlovsk military school.
Summer cadets-pavlovians went to the camp of the Guards corps in the Red Village, where were located in the neighborhood with the life-guard Semenovsky regiment. Parents have long predicted his son in the regiment, as Karl Karlovich, too, were there, in 1877, 1878.
In September of 1904 Nikolai von Essen promoted to non-commissioned officers, in October — in harness-cadets, and in November — in the senior sword belts-cadets. After graduation in 1905, he was promoted to second Lieutenant and enlisted in the famous life guards Semenov regiment as a Junior officer in the 2nd battalion 8th company captain S. I. Nazimova. In December 1905 as a part of a regiment N. K. von Essen took part in the suppression of the Moscow uprising, where he received a slight bullet wound to the right hand. The first award of Nikolai Karlovich the order of St. Stanislaus 3rd degree.
In the autumn of 1905 at one of the capital's balls Nicholas von Essen met with 16-year-old Rita PEC. Rita's parents, Gustav Khristianovich (Gustav Khristianovich merchant of the 1st Guild, supplier of the court Of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich) and Pelageya Pavlovna, were familiar with von Essen earlier, but the acquaintance of the children was somewhat unexpected for them.
Sign of the Imperial and Royal Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd degree, with Imperial eagle (for non-Christians)
After 2 years, when Rita was 18 years old, young people got married. The wedding took place in the Church of the Alexandrovsky cadet corps on 16 September 1907 the Newlyweds settled in a new apartment in the Big Cossack lane, No. 6.
In 1908, Karl Karlovich von Essen to the rank of major-General retired, and with the state apartments on the Large Garden the family parents moved to a smaller place on street Wide, No. 20.
Nikolai Karlovich since the childhood was fond of collecting, and after admission to the regiment in 1908, the proceeds to responsible and challenging work becomes the curator of the Museum and archive native Semenov regiment, combining in one person two posts. The best candidates for this kind of activity in the regiment and wish there was no reason, as the story Semenov was fascinated by von Essen for a long time, and about from 1906-1907, he began to perform the duties of the regimental historian. Then same N. K. von Essen joined the circle of representatives of the military intelligentsia engaged in military history. Collaborated with the Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich, genealogists I. N. By elchaninova and A. A. Sivers, a famous Russian specialist on the family tree, the Chamberlain's court and the head of Department in the Ministry of fiefdoms, with whom he cooperated for the rest of their lives, and which did not interrupt scientific communication, even while in exile. He joined The Russian military historical society and the Historical and genealogical society in Moscow
In 1911 he published a collection "From the past. Historical materials of the life-guard Semenovsky regiment", in the drafting of which was attended by Nikolai Karlovich. This was his first historical publication, though without a signature.
In 1912, the anniversary of the Patriotic war, appeared the following work — a List of officers of the life guards Semenov regiment in 1812, containing biographical sketches and published in the collection "the Patriotic war of 1812".
Then Nikolai Karlovich worked on the compilation of a Biographical dictionary of the officers of the life guards Semenov regiment with development of all pedigrees and relationships.
This work has forced von Essen to refer to genealogy. He met during a trip to Estonia with other representatives of the genus von Essen, including Alexander Nikolayevich von Essen, a rich landowner who owned land on the island of Ezel, also fond of genealogical research.
5 Feb 1911 Nikolai Karlovich von Essen was accepted as a full member of the Russian genealogical society, and from that time he started his serious scientific studies in the field of genealogy. He focused his interest on 3 main areas: 1)generalization of genealogical data about the officers of the life guards Semenov regiment, 2)development of background lineage Essenov, 3) development of lineage of the German knights of Estonia.
The first official genealogical work of Nikolai Karlovich "Synodic of the life guards of the Semenov regiment", which was the result of painstaking research by the author, was published in St. Petersburg in 1914.
Genealogical research was interrupted by the war that began on July 19, 1914. In early August 1914 von Essen went to the front with his regiment. Throughout the war the Semenov regiment took an active part in the hostilities, he participated in the battles near Lublin (20-31 August 1914), at the storming of the bridge over the river San at Krzeszow (2 September 1914), when the fortress of Ivangorod (10-13 October 1914), near Krakow (November-December 1914), under the Łomża (February-June 1915), the Hill (July-August 1915), Villa (16 August — 3 September 1915), on the river Stokhid (1916), D. if the Grooms and the town of Tarnopol in Galicia (1917). Wounded in battle at D. Sinuhe (8 September 1916).Nikolai von Essen was awarded five gold medals and orders for his personal bravery:
1)SV. Anne 3rd degree with swords and bow
2)SV. Vladimir, 4th class with swords and bow
3)SV. Stanislav 3rd degree with swords and bow
4)St. Anne 4th degree with the inscription "For bravery»
5)SV. Stanislaus 2nd class with swords.
6) Bulgarian order "for military merit" (15.09.1909)
3 Jul 1915 in Raivola his father died Karl Karlovich von Essen, and on 28 July in the battle of Petroluim Chelm province was missing brother, Georgy Karlovich.
Despite active military actions, Nikolai Karlovich supports corresponding with colleagues on the genealogy of A. A. Sivers, etc., is collecting materials from the family archives, collects German trophies for a Museum shelf.
In 1915 N. K. von Essen was promoted to captain and appointed commander of His Majesty's company.
28 Sep 1916 N. K. Essen — Colonel, the senior Colonel of the guards Semenov regiment, Deputy and assistant commander of the regiment (1917).The last order in the regiment dated February 15, 1918.
On December 17, 1917 Nikolai Karlovich was in Petrograd, where prepared materials of the archive of the regiment and the regimental Museum for delivery to the Academy of Sciences and the Historical Museum of Artillery.
By the beginning of the civil war Nikolai Karlovich was no longer in the army. In the last winter at the front, he froze his feet, and began sluggish gangrene. He stayed in Petrograd with his whole family. Renamed by the Bolsheviks after the October revolution a "Regiment for the protection of Petrograd," and in 1919 – in the "third Soviet" Semenovtsi in may 1919 he was sent to Gatchina district against forces of General Yudenich. In the same month in the district Vary do not come to terms with the Bolsheviks, headed by V. A. Zaitsev, and N. K. von Essen, all three battalion of the Semenov regiment, shooting their Commissars, organized defected to the White Army, with which communication was established by Nikolai von Essen. That night, when the regiment moved to the side of the Whites, he toured the headquarters of the battalions and passed the time in coming Talab regiment of the North-West army of Yudenich. Here's how that moment was described by the warrant officer of the regiment, a native of the soldiers I. E. Kudryavtsev: “the October revolution we all watched as adventurism instigated by the Bolsheviks, of Lenin and other leaders of the working class believed the agents and spies of Germany. For the most part, the officers of the regiment, with the same opinion went on to Yudenich.” Since may 1919 N. K.von Essen is in the 8th Semenov infantry regiment of the northwestern army. In the troops of the leader of the White movement in Northwest Russia Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Semenov regiment regained its glorious name, again and again proving in the battle of steadfastness and loyalty to the Fatherland. In September-October 1919, Yudenich organized a March on Petrograd. 28 Sep the North-Western army, together with Estonian troops broke through the defenses of the red army; 12 Oct fell Yamburg, in the second half of October the North-Western army captured Luga, Gatchina, Red Selo, Tsarskoye Selo and Pavlovsk. By mid-October, white came on the next approaches to Petrograd (Pulkovskie vysoty – distance single blow!!). However they didn't manage to cut the Nikolaev railroad that allowed Trotsky to transfer freely reinforcements under Petrograd and to create repeated superiority of Reds over the opponent. The British and the Finns did not provide effective assistance to the advancing. England, of course, never needed a strong Russia, and the Finns wanted to recognize Finland's independence, as well as joining Finland's Eastern Karelia and Pechenga region on the shore of the Kola Peninsula. H. H. Yudenich understood that "the independence of Finland is a fait accompli" and that in relations with Finland it is necessary to make concessions to get help from it in the fight against Bolshevism. But he has failed to persuade on this point the Supreme ruler of Russia A. V. Kolchak, which stood on the principles of" United, great and indivisible Russia " within its historical territory, and it was a huge strategic mistake of the latter. The Finnish expeditionary force Mannerheim led the White Army like cockroaches from behind the stove would have swept the Bolsheviks from Russia. (The same mistake was made by A. I. Denikin, who did not allow discussion of any autonomy or self-determination of territories that were part of the former Russian Empire in the pre-war borders. Although Denikin was offered the Polish command to connect to the Volunteer army that the land of Soviets meant the defeat and decline, but to recognize the complete independence of Poland and to give solid guarantees in relation to the transfer of Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and Volhynia refused. White generals weren't politicians).
The lack of reserves and the stretch of the front of the northwestern army allowed the red army on October 21 to stop the offensive of the whites, and on October 22 to break through their defenses. By the end of November, Yudenich troops had been pressed against the border and moved to Estonian territory, where they had been disarmed and interned by their former allies. N. To.von Essen returned to Petrograd, he manages to get the Bursar and even to exhibit in the Hermitage Museum his collection of bookplates and miniature. On January 29, 1919, he even ran for the position of archivist of the Hermitage, but he did not begin his work. Most likely, because just at this time, the KGB arrested his wife Rita Gustavovna to obtain her testimony at her husband.
In spite of everything, Nikolay continued his genealogical research, his interests were very wide and not confined only to the pedigree of the family. We continued the collaboration with A. A. Sivers and other genealogists and historians.
In December 1920 N. K. von Essen left Russia forever. The family emigrated initially to Estonia, accepted Estonian citizenship, from 1920 to 27 lived in Tartu, and from 1927 to 39 — in Tallinn. Nikolai Karlovich immediately involved in the work on the genealogy of the Baltic Germans, which was carried out in Estonia under the guidance of Baron Georges Wrangell and Estafa background the Transit-Rosinka. Georges Wrangell was long familiar to the St. Petersburg N. K. Essen, and he willingly hooked Nikolai Karlovich to this work. N. K. von Essen was the assistant genealogist (up to 1927) and the genealogist (1927-39) Matricule Commission of the Estland knighthood; together with George von Wrangel processed Estland knighthood genealogical register (over 100 genealogical lists in Estonia to the German knights) was the author of works: "Genealogisches Handbuch der Baltischen Putterschaften. Estland Teil" (1935), "Genealogical table of a surname von Den"; Applications to the "news of the family Ungern-Sternberg", etc.
Then Nikolai Karlovich von Essen reconnect with A. A. Sievers, was a Union of the life guards Semenov regiment, was in correspondence with General von LAMPE. In 1927 he replaced General Y. S. Vishnyakov as the head of the Tartu branch of the Union of Russian soldiers-emigrants. In 1928 he moved to Tallinn, where he opened the dining room "Deli" on Clay street. H. K. von Essen was A member of the Estonian society of assistance to former Russian servicemen, was a member of the audit Commission and was one of the most famous geneologists in Estonia. His efforts were drawn up and many pedigrees of the local German nobility.
January 22, 1923 due to increased gangrene Nikolai Karlovich amputated his left leg below the knee. The prosthesis he had preferred to walk with crutches.
Officially all this time Nikolay worked in the office of a Shoe factory. Worked and all his family. In 1927, his wife, Rita Gustavovna, graduated from The Tartus Conservatoire, and for the next 13 years led the Department of musical criticism in the Russian newspaper. Son von Essen, Nicholas entered the faculty of law of the University of Tartus and studied intermittently until 1940.
After the death of Georges Vrangel, Nikolai Karlovich von Essen led the work on the genealogy of the Estonian knighthood. His efforts made many genealogical tables of the local German nobility, he was actively published in the magazine "Baltische Familiengeschichtliche Mitteilungen" (Dorpat, 1931-1939). The main contribution of Nikolai Karlovich to the genealogy at this stage was "Genealogical reference book of the Baltic knights", released in 1934.
As a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, all the hopes of the von Essen family for a peaceful and measured life collapsed. Deprived of Estonian citizenship, the family arrived on November 7, 1939 in the German seaport of Stettin. It seemed that the Red Army chased them on the heels-so wrote about the events of that time in one of the letters daughter of Nicholas Karlovich, Irina.
Since 1939, von Essen, like most of the resettled Baltic Germans, lived in Poznan. In November 1939 they were granted Reich citizenship. Since 1940 N. K. von Essen was Deputy head of the Poznań Land family center (i.e. the center for genealogy, it). Landessip-penstelle). In 1943 for work on the German-Baltic genealogy he received the German cross of the second class "for services" (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse). In Poznan also was created the last work of Nikolai Karlovich — "the Story kind of Assenov" (typescript, 500 pages the Gothic text is in the personal archive of the daughter of von Essen, Irina Nikolaevna).
In November 1944, the family was again forced to flee from their homes — Soviet troops entered Poznan. In the hurry and confusion of the evacuation had to leave everything — books, manuscripts, collections. All or killed or stolen. Military roads had to be done the hard way on a cart with an 80-year-old mother-in-law, wife and daughter Irene. After long wanderings arrived in Prague, where brother-in-law Nikolai Karlovich, Nikolai von Essen, served as a Director of the chemical factory and had an apartment.
The postponed tests didn't pass without a trace, Nikolay Karlovich seriously ill. 4aprelya 1945 on the evening he died from tuberculosis lung. He was only 59 went.
In Prague, with the arrival of Soviet troops, who still caught up with relatives of Nikolai Karlovich, the whole family was arrested, except for grandmother, Pelageya Pavlovna. After the liberation the grandmother is already in the apartment is not found — she died and is buried is unknown where and by whom.
After the war, thanks to the efforts of the Swedish branch of the family von Essen, Rita Gustavovna and her daughter moved to Sweden, Uppsala. There same traveled and Nikolai Mikhailovich with his family.
Rita Gustavovna died in 1978, and Irina Nikolaevna lives there now.
Light memory of Evgeny Petrovich Bozhko, historian-researcher