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Murder in Westminster

Sven-R. Fischer

Family news, inform

Schulz, kruger, schmidt, Alpine, Linde, des fontaines, paetz, clafton, outzen, brown, van dyk, van nimwegen, gernet, van brienen, de st.valery.
ISSUE 17. October 2014 FRANKFURT AM MAIN
Love family, love friends,
on 11.5.1812 the family history crossed the course of world history.
We are located right in the middle of the Feldzugen of Napoleon Bonaparte. It is the eve of the attack of Napoleon on Russia. The Grande army is in the East of the French influence in Prussia and Poland. 23. June will cross the troops from the border river to Russia, the Memel (Niemen/Take),.
On that 11. May the Briton John Bellingham sits in the Lobby of the Palace of Westminster. In a secret inserted seams pocket of his coat two pistols. As the British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval enters the Lobby, Bellingham, calm, walks up to him, pulls the gun and puts him down with a ghostly shot to the heart.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The history of these fateful events begins in England in the late 18.Century. After 1770 in St. Neots, born in Bellingham has been trained as a jeweler and then to the lake had gone, he went in 1794, after a year of him based masters can factory bankrupt. As a result, he was In - and export agent, and came in the framework of this activity in the year 1800 to Arkhangelsk.
One of the largest and most powerful trade Hauser this time, the altehrwurdige company "Rutger van Brienen son & Co"..
In 1803, the Soyuz, is one of the ships of the van Brienen decreased, which is also the arch angeler castle master Vasily Popoff was involved in the White sea. Since the ship at Lloyd’s was insured in London, was Solomon van Brienen, the damage to Lloyd's claims. There was, however, arrived in the meantime, an anonymous letter, which claimed that the shipwreck had been carried out by means of Sabotage, so it was a case of insurance fraud.
Lloyd's refused the settlement of the damage.
Solomon van Brienen suspected from the near well-known reasons, John Bellingham is behind the anonymous letter. To the throat, claimed Popoff, and van Brienen now Bellingham was the bankrupt Conrad Dorbecker, its bankruptcy Trustee, were you, of 38,000 rubles debt. Later, they reduced the requirement to 4.890 rubles.
Subsequently, on 16.11.1804 Bellinghams passport was confiscated and Bellingham, Invaded by van Brienen in the Governor-General of Arkhangelsk, Furster, under Arrest. Only a year later, he was released after the Dorbecker were Bucher examined, without debt, of Bellingham, were discovered.
Bellingham was now traveling to St. Petersburg, to ask the Governor General for the speech. This provoked the Russian authorities, the detained Bellingham because of allegedly "illegal" departure from Arkhangelsk again and it was only in October 1808 again with a lid. The departure to England, he was denied.
In his despair, he turned, finally, directly to the Tsar and was now allowed to leave the country finally, in December, 1809, to England. Back in England, arrived, tries he the British government for compensation for the suffered imprisonment, which, however, was rejected, against the Background of 1808 broken off diplomatic relations with Russia. His futile efforts embittered Bellingham increasingly.
At the beginning of 1812, the civil servants in Hill rejected a further Request with the words, it was free to take the necessary steps. Then he bought the 20.4.1812 two pistols — with the well-known result.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On the 15.5. is made to him in the Old Bailey in the process. He expressed that he had actually shot the Russian Ambassador, but as a man who had been tricked, as entitled, the representatives of those people to shoot, which he saw as his Ducker. Bellingham was found guilty and on 18.5.1812 publicly hanged. Today the case is regarded in English law as a precedent that the mentally such changes among pupils of persons can be sentenced to death.
Also for the trading firm van Brienen took the trouble after the Wars and the trade of Napoleon to the blockades of time and ended just seven years later in the bankruptcy.
The history of the family van Brienen, and in the trading house, may I refer you to the output 38F24 from 23.12.2004 and the excellent book by Erik Amburger: "The van Brienen and their kin".
(*It is the only successful assassination of a British Prime Minister).

Dear family, 11.5.1812 year, my family history intersected with the course of world history.
... The eve of Napoleon's attack on Russia. A huge army is already concentrated in the Eastern part of France, Prussia and Poland. June 23 troops will cross the Russian border river Memel (Neman).
On may 11, 1812, the Englishman John Bellingham sat in the lobby of the Palace of Westminster. His coat had two pistols, hidden in concealed pockets. When British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval entered the hall, He stood up, approached him, took out pistols and shot Perceval right in the heart.

It is known that He was born in Sainte-Nots and at the age of fourteen was given to study the jeweler in London. Two years later, he served as a gardemarine to a Hartwell ship EN route to China. On may 22, 1787, a mutiny broke out on the ship, the ship stranded and sank.
In 1794, John Bellingham opened a tin shop in London, but soon his business burns and he is declared bankrupt. In the late 1790s, he worked as a clerk in an office in London, and presumably in 1800 as a sales representative goes to Arkhangelsk, where he joined the merchant company "Rutger van Brinen sons and K."
In 1802 Bellingham returned to England and worked as a broker in Liverpool, married in 1803, and in 1804 returned to Arkhangelsk
... In the autumn of 1803 in the White sea sank the Russian ship "Soyuz", insured by Lloyd. In the same year, the owners of the ship, the Dutch van Brinen tried to get insurance, but the company Lloyd refused to pay them, motivating it by receiving some anonymous letter, which stated that the death of the ship caused by insurance fraud. Solomon van Brynen suggested that the author of the letter was John Bellingham, who owned part of the cargo transported by the Union. Van Brinen demanded that the English company, whose representative was Bellingham, the payment of the debt in 4890 rubles. On 16 November 1804, prior to his departure to England, a travel passport was withdrawn from Bellingham at the request of van Brynen, making his departure from Russia impossible. Also Solomon van Brinen convinced the Governor of the Arkhangelsk Forster to conclude Bellingham into custody. John Bellingham was immediately appealed to the British Ambassador to Lord Grenville, Leverson-Hoover to intervene in his case and to assist in his release, but Lord Grenville, on behalf of the UK government refused the petition.
A year later, Bellingham was able to free himself and reached St. Petersburg, where he tried to bring to justice the Governor-General of Arkhangelsk, Furster Ivan Ivanovich, but this prompted the Russian authorities to re-incarcerate him, this time for his "secret departure" from Arkhangelsk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

On the loose again John Bellingham was only in 1809, from prison, he came out depressed and angry. He was released from prison, but was not allowed to leave Russia. Out of desperation Bellingham filed a petition to Emperor Alexander I, and soon received permission to leave. He arrived in England in December 1809.
On his return to England He began to petition the British government for compensation for his misadventures in Russia, but he was denied (Britain broke off diplomatic relations with Russia in 1808). In despair, he personally appealed to British Prime Minister Spencer Perseval, but the Prime Minister refused him, arguing that there is no reason for compensation. Bellingham for a long time appealed to various authorities and organizations, but was refused everywhere. His wife soon persuaded him to abandon attempts to obtain compensation and return to work.
In 1812, Bellingham resumed attempts to obtain compensation, but again he was refused. On April 18, he personally came to the office of the Ministry of foreign Affairs, where a hill official explained to him that all his petitions were useless and that compensation was denied forever. But the Vitality which by this time was ready for revenge, and only strengthened in their plans.
April 20, he buys two 12.7 mm gun in the gun shop Beckwith and turns to the tailor's with a request to sew his coat's secret pockets. These days Bellingham is often seen in the House of Commons.
On may 11, he and his friend and his family visited the exhibition of watercolor painting. Along the way, he said that he had some business, and he needs to leave for a while. Bellingham went to the Parliament and waited for the Prime Minister Spencer Perceval on the bench in the inner room of the building. The appearance of the Prime Minister, he went up to him and shot point-blank in the heart. Without attempts to escape, He turned and sat on the same bench, where was immediately detained by the representative of Liverpool in Parliament by Isaac Gascoyne.
May 13, Bellingham has already testified in court at the old Bailey. He stated that he would have preferred to kill Solomon van Brynen or the English Ambassador to Russia, but it was impossible for him, because of what he had to kill a representative of the authorities, who represented for him all the troubles that happened to him. During the trial, there was a theory of his insanity, but judge sir James Manfield found him sane and sentenced him to death by hanging.
The sentence was carried out on Monday, 18 may 1812. According to contemporaries, the people gathered at his execution, he expressed sympathy for the condemned, blaming the incident the British authorities, believing that John Bellingham was just a victim of circumstance and driven to despair by the inaction of the authorities. According to the same evidence, numerous benefactors provided financial assistance to his wife and children, and their General welfare was much better than in the life of John Bellingham.
(***The assassination of Spencer Perseval was the only successful attempt on the life of the British head of government).

Light memory of Evgeny Petrovich Bozhko, historian-researcher

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